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Venture capital

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venture capital

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Venture capital

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. SUMMARY 1. Definition of Venture Capital; 2. Corporate structure and operation; 3. Main European players and relationship with EU istitutions 4. New sector of investment and conclusions 2
  3. 3. Venture Capital It’s a private funding used to support risky new business and speculative ventures, usually with high growth potential. A typical venture capital investment usually involves the business owner giving up equity to venture capitalist in return for funding. 3
  4. 4. Venture Capitalists and Business Angels Venture Capitalists are investment firms that makes venture investment, providing capital for start- up or expansion. They are looking for higher rate of return, bringing their managerial abilities to small businesses with great potential growth. Business Angels are private investor with huge personal capital, looking forward to invest their money in business which are not helped by financial institutions because are too risky. 4
  5. 5. Structure of Venture Capital Firms Venture capital firms are typically structured as partnership; This comprises both high net worth individuals and institutions with large amounts of available capital, such as state and private pension funds, university financial endowments, foundations, insurance companies, and pooled investment vehicles, called fund of funds or mutual funds  VC firms in the United States may also be structured as limited liability companies, in which case the firm's managers are known as managing members. 5
  6. 6. Venture capital funding Venture capitalists are typically very selective in deciding what to invest in; Funds are most interested in ventures with exceptionally high growth potential,providing the financial returns and successful exit event within the required timeframe (typically 3–7 years) that venture capitalists expect. Young companies to raise venture capital require a combination of innovative technology, potential for rapid growth, a well-developed business model, and an impressive management team. 6
  7. 7. Financing According to the development of the company, there are three types of financing with venture capital: 1.Early 2.Expansion and development 3.Acquisitions and restructuring To analyze these points, they can be divided in several subgroups in order to stress the fact that every step in a company lifetime involves a different approach by venture capitalists. 7
  8. 8. Venture Capital Investment in Europe : differences between Germany and United Kingdom These two countries are very important in Europe: they account for over 50% of all venture capital investments in the Continent. The spread of two countries is due to, most of all, the difference in their financial system: Germany is Bank-oriented while UK is Market-oriented. 8
  9. 9. GERMANY UNITED KINGDOM 9
  10. 10. Similarities between Germany and The United Kingdom In both countries venture capital funds provide funding to companies in all stages with a sligh bias towards later stages of development. Also the distribution of investments across industry is surprising similar: manifacturing and chemicals are relatively more popular. 10
  11. 11. European Institutions and venture capital funds • 1998: The Commission published several documents in order to create a “Pan-European Equity Market” for innovative companies. • In the same year was created the EVCA (European Venture Capital Association) tend to focus on the supply of funds and on the creation of favorable structural conditions for enterpreneurship. 11
  12. 12. Eurpean Venture Capital Association It is the largest private equity and venture capital member association in the world, with over than 1200 members. It caters for: investors in university spins-out; venture and grown capitalists; corporate venture capital companies; mid-markets and larger buyout investors; miriad advisory members. 12
  13. 13. The European Investment Fund 13 In 2000, the Commission restructured the EIF (Euopean Investment Found) that provides portfolio guarantees to financial insitutions involved in SME finance. The EIF offers:
  14. 14. Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP): this programme aims to facilitate access to loans and equity finance for small-medium enterprises where market gaps have been identified. It provides: • Risk capital for innovative SMEs in their early stage: EIF can invest 10 to 25% of the total equity of the intermediary venture capital funds, or up to 50% in specific cases; • Risk capital for SMEs with high growth potential in their espansion phase: EIF can invest 7.5 to 15% of the total equity of the intermediary venture capital funds, or exceptionally up to 50%. Programming Period 2007- 2013
  15. 15. New Sectors of Investment Denmark 22.71% Germany 38.68% United Kingdom 5.79% France 5.83% Spain 12.35% Austria 14.64% Solar 33.22% Bio-energy 5.79% Idro-power 14.64% Wind Energy 46.35% 15
  16. 16. Renewvables energies: an opportunity to catch for venture capital Venture capitals put their eyes on renewvables energies; They sat special teams or branches to focus better on this special kind of investment; U.S and Europe kept investing a lot over the years on this new market in order to find new sources of energies. 16
  17. 17. Renewvables energies:an opportunity to catch for the venture capital Three reasons of attractiveness : 1. Governments keep increasing deregulation of the market energy; 2. Enviromentalists put the attenction on the need of the world of new sources of energies; 3. Increasing costs of the oils. 17
  18. 18. The goals • Venture capital energy companies invest on projects long the value chain,focusing on two directions: 1.Increasing efficiency of the energetic system; 1.Decreasing the use of fossil fuel put down the values of the pollutions. 18
  19. 19. In recent years 2006:venture capital invested $7.4 billion on renewvables energies winth an increasing of 146% respect the last year; 2008:in the last mounths of the year a drop in the market occured 2009/2010:investments increase again supported by the developing countries (China)and U.S. 19
  20. 20. Sectors of investment Solar and geothermal energies represent two fixed points for investments; By the way, in recent years wind energy became the top ranking, achieving the status of most actractive technology among renewvables energies. 20
  21. 21. What happens in Europe? Europe is one of main area where the VC investments on renewvables energies sat; Europe represents the 30% of total investments in the world, concerning this sector; Large stage Early stage Borning stage 65% 20% 15% 21
  22. 22. Conclusions From the previous table we noticed that venture capitals prefer to acquire energy companies that already own high skills; This tendency is becaming quite the opposite in this last years because of the improving of new technologies that allow to manage better the risk of borning firms. 22

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