Traits Approach to
Prepared By: Najeebullah Aman
Instructor: Dr.M.Yousuf Saleem
The Great Man Theory
Major Traits for Leadership
Big Five Personality Model
How does Trait Approach Works?
Strength and Criticism
Leadership theories are schools of thought
brought forward to explain how and why
certain Individuals become leaders.
Classical Theory Modern Theory
The Great Man Trait Theory Behavioral Contingencies ETC
The Great Man Theory
Founder: Thomas Carlyle
The success of Leader is affiliated with
the traits that they were born with, every
leader is born with the necessary traits
and attributes that cause them to lead
Characteristics of The Great Man
Order to Chaos
Born with the right Traits
Highlights of Great Man Theory
Leaders are born not made
These leaders come out when need arises
Focused on Man only as leader
Leaders have Certain Qualities
Leaders Qualities can’t be taught
Leaders are gifts of Allah
Leadership Qualities and affection are Independent
It has no scientific basis
Leadership is no independent
Modern leaders and theorist reject because
leaders can be made
Def. Effective leaders possess a similar set of traits
or characteristics that differentiate leaders from non
Or. Theories that Consider personality, Social,
Physical or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders
from non leaders.
What is Trait?
Def. Are relatively Stable Characteristics such
as abilities, psychological motives or
consistent patterns of behavior
Or. Characteristics of an individual that
reflect cognitive, Emotional or behavioral
Five Factor Model
By Lewis Goldberg
Def. A characteristic way of how you
thinking, Feeling and Behaving.
Open to experience Close to experience
Try out new things Don’t want to do
Creative Less creative
Curious Less curious
Think out of the box Conservatism
Flexible attitude No flexibility
Set goal Careless
Make plan Disorganized
• Ability to Perceive and Manage
Emotions in yourself and others.
• People who are more able to
manage their own and others
emotions will be more effective
Emotional Intelligence isn’t about
Suppressing your emotion it is
about learning how to recognize,
process and channel them in way
that Benefits you and your team.
• Trait approach is concerned with
what trait leaders exhibit and who
has these traits .
• A trait assessment gives individuals
a clearer picture of who they are as
leaders and how they fit into the
• Highlights Role of Leadership
• Provides benchmarks
• No definite list of leadership traits
• Doesn’t take into account situational
• Research often fails to look at traits in
relationship to leadership outcomes
• It always difficult to measure a trait in an
• Limited usefulness for training and
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