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Traits theory Approach.pptx

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Traits theory Approach.pptx

  1. 1. Traits Approach to Leadership Prepared By: Najeebullah Aman Instructor: Dr.M.Yousuf Saleem
  2. 2. Outlines Leadership Theories The Great Man Theory Trait Theory Major Traits for Leadership Big Five Personality Model Emotional Intelligence How does Trait Approach Works? Strength and Criticism
  3. 3. Leadership Theories Leadership theories are schools of thought brought forward to explain how and why certain Individuals become leaders.
  4. 4. Leadership Theories Classical Theory Modern Theory The Great Man Trait Theory Behavioral Contingencies ETC
  5. 5. The Great Man Theory Founder: Thomas Carlyle Year 1840s The success of Leader is affiliated with the traits that they were born with, every leader is born with the necessary traits and attributes that cause them to lead effectively .
  6. 6. Characteristics of The Great Man Charismatic Order to Chaos Born with the right Traits
  7. 7. Highlights of Great Man Theory Leaders are born not made These leaders come out when need arises Focused on Man only as leader Leaders have Certain Qualities Leaders Qualities can’t be taught Leaders are gifts of Allah Leadership Qualities and affection are Independent
  8. 8. Criticism It has no scientific basis Leadership is no independent Modern leaders and theorist reject because leaders can be made
  9. 9. Trait Theory Def. Effective leaders possess a similar set of traits or characteristics that differentiate leaders from non leader. Or. Theories that Consider personality, Social, Physical or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from non leaders.
  10. 10. What is Trait? Def. Are relatively Stable Characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives or consistent patterns of behavior Or. Characteristics of an individual that reflect cognitive, Emotional or behavioral tendencies.
  11. 11. Theorist That Contributes in Trait Theory Stogdill Stogdill 1948 1974 Intelligence Alertness Insight Responsibility Initiative Persistence Self confidence Sociability Achievement Persistence Insight Initiative Self confidence Responsibility Cooperativeness Tolerance Influence sociability
  12. 12. Theorist That Contributes in Trait Theory Mann Lord Devader & Aliger 1959 1986 Intelligence Masculinity Adjustment Dominance Extraversion Conservatism Intelligence Masculinity Dominance
  13. 13. Theorist That Contributes in Trait Theory Kirkpatrick and Locke Zaccaro, Kemp and Bader 1991 2004 Drive Motivation Integrity Confidence Cognitive ability Task knowledge Cognitive abilities Extraversion Conscientiousnes s Emotional stability Openness Motivation Social- intelligence Self monitoring Emotional- Intelligence Problem solving Agreeableness
  14. 14. Ambition Energy Desire Honesty Integrity Confidence Intelligence Self Monitoring Job Knowledge Sociability
  15. 15. OCEAN Model Five Factor Model By Lewis Goldberg Def. A characteristic way of how you thinking, Feeling and Behaving.
  16. 16. Open to experience Close to experience Try out new things Don’t want to do Creative Less creative Curious Less curious Think out of the box Conservatism Imaginative Dogmatic Flexible attitude No flexibility
  17. 17. Conscious Unconscious Set goal Careless Make plan Disorganized Organized Irresponsible Persistent Careful Responsible systematic
  18. 18. Extrovert Introvert Talkative Quiet Sociable Reserved Outgoing Shy Lively Silent Active Reliable Assertive Calm Optimist Rigid
  19. 19. Agreeable Disagreeable Good Natured Irritable Understanding Short tempered Forgiving Uncooperative Gentle Antagonistic
  20. 20. Neurotic Stable Depressed Calm Reactive Positive emotion Insecure Secure Anxious Poised
  21. 21. • Ability to Perceive and Manage Emotions in yourself and others. • People who are more able to manage their own and others emotions will be more effective leaders.
  22. 22. Emotional Intelligence isn’t about Suppressing your emotion it is about learning how to recognize, process and channel them in way that Benefits you and your team.
  23. 23. • Trait approach is concerned with what trait leaders exhibit and who has these traits . • A trait assessment gives individuals a clearer picture of who they are as leaders and how they fit into the organizational hierarchy.
  24. 24. Traits Profiles Development
  25. 25. • Credible • Highlights Role of Leadership • Provides benchmarks
  26. 26. • No definite list of leadership traits • Doesn’t take into account situational Effects • Research often fails to look at traits in relationship to leadership outcomes • It always difficult to measure a trait in an individual • Limited usefulness for training and development

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