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In this presentation,
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE :
To focus on four crucial areas – Dry land
agriculture Risk management, Access to
information and promoting the use of
A kind of farming that encourages the
farmer to earn a decent living growing
good food on healthy land.
NATIONAL MISSION FOR
The mission would devise strategies to make
Indian agriculture more resilient to climate. It
would identify and develop new varieties of crops
and alternative cropping patterns, capable of
withstanding extremes of weather, long dry spells,
flooding, and variable moisture availability.
Agriculture will need to be progressively
adapted to projected climate change and our
agriculture research systems must be oriented
to monitor and evaluate climate change and
recommended changes in agriculture practices
This will be supported by the convergence and
integration of traditional knowledge and
practice system, information technology,
geospatial technologies and biotechnology.
New credit and insurance mechanism will be
devised to facilitate adoption of desired
Focus would be on improving productivity of
rainfed agriculture. India will spearhead efforts
at the international level to work towards an
ecologically sustainable green revolution.
Contributing 21% to the country’s GDP
accounting for 11% of total exports,
employing 56.4%of total workforce, and
supporting 600 million people directly or
indirectly, agriculture is vital to Indians
economy and the livelihood o its people.
The proposed national mission will focus
on four areas crucial to agriculture in
adapting to climate change, mainly dry
land agriculture, risk management,acess
to information , and use of biotechnology.
Out of net cultivated area of approximately141
million hectares, about 85 million hectares (60%)
falls under the dryland/rainfed zone. Accordingly ,
to realise the enormous agriculture growth
potential of the drylands in the country and secure
farm based livelihoods, there is a need to prevent
declines in the agriculture
yields during climatic stress.
Priority actions on dryland agri-
culture with particular relevance
to adaptation will be as follows:
Development of drought and pest-resistant
Improving methods to conserve soil and water.
Stakeholder consultations, training workshops
and demonstration exercises for farming
communities, for agro-climate information
sharing and dissemination.
Financial support to enable farmers to invest in
and adopt related stresses.
The agricultural sector may face risk due to extreme climatic
events. Priority areas are as follows:
Strengthening of current agricultural and weather insurance
Development and validation of weather derivative models(by
insurance providers ensuring their access to archival and
current weather data).
Creation of web-enabled, regional language based services
for facilitation of weather-based insurance.
Development of GIS and remote-sensing methodologies for
detailed soil resource mapping and land use planning at the
level at the work shed or a river basin.
Mapping vulnerable eco-regions and pest and disease
Developing and implementing region-specific contingency
plans based on vulnerability and risk scenarios.
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
Although many information channels are available
to farmers, none of them offers need –based
information in an interactive mode. Supplying
customized information can boost farm
productivity and farm incomes, and the following
areas deserve priority:
Development of regional databases of soil,
weather, genotypes, land use patterns and
Monitoring of glacier and ice mass , impacts on
water resources, soil erosion, and associated
impacts on agricultural production in
Providing information on off season crops,
aromatic and medicinal plants, greenhouse
crops, pasture development, agro-forestry,
livestock and agro-processing.
Collation and dissemination of block level data
on agro-climate variables, land use, and socio-
economic features and preparation of state
level agro-climatic atlases.
USE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
Biotechnology applications in agriculture relate to
several themes, including drought proofing, taking
advantage of elevated CO2 concentrations,
increased yields and increased resistance to
disease and pest. Priority areas include.
Use of genetic engineering to convert C-3 crops to
the more carbon responsive C-4 crops to achieve
grater photosynthetic efficiency for obtaining
increased productivity at higher levels of carbon
dioxide in the atmosphere or to sustain thermal
Development of crops with better water and
nitrogen use efficiency which may result in
reduced emissions of greenhouse gases or
grater tolerance to drought or submergence or
Development of nutritional strategies for
managing heat stress in dairy animals to
prevent nutrient deficiencies leadi ng to low
milk yield and productivity.