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Final biofuel (1).pptx

  1. Breeding for Bioproducts 1 Group 3 Members o Masum Musfick(22120704) o Kamruzzaman Rasel(22120708) o Md Mostafijur Rahman(22120717) o Fariha Tasnim(22120719) o Samiul Hasan(22120722) o Jinnuraine jannaty(22120724) o Nikunjo Chakroborty(22120728) o Nahid Afridi(22120733) o Sopnil Ahmed Jahin(22120736) o Sanjana Tabassum Tuba(22120739) o Sarah Khan(22220705) o Nurjahahan Sriti(22220708)
  2. 2 Contents 1.1.Bioproducts 2.Benefits 3.Prospect s of Bio- products 4.Pharmaceuti cals, Fragrance and Cosmetics 5.Gums and Resins 6.Tannins and Dyes 7.Pulps and Papers 8.Fibre and Timber plant 9.Edible Oil 10.Sugar and Starch 11.Processed Food 12.Common Breeding Strategies 13.Problems of crop production for bioproducts in BD 14.Relevant to Bangladesh
  3. Bio-products Bioproducts are non-food products developed from biomass – biological or renewable material which can come from agricultural, food, forestry, marine and industrial or municipal sources. Most people are familiar with ethanol made from corn or wheat, but bioproducts also include products such as clothing made from hemp, decking from plant fibre and plastic water bottles made from corn instead of oil. Agricultural Industrial Products Bio-products Food products 3
  4. Benefits 3 Health Benefits 2 Environmental Benefits 1 Socioeconomic Benefits • diversified and stable bioeconomy sector • farm diversification resulting • development of new industries • increased economic opportunities • reduced dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels • reduced greenhouse gas emissions • reduced toxicity and more biodegradability • sustainable production of renewable feedstocks • sustainable production of renewable feedstocks • development of new drugs 4
  5. Prospects of Bioproducts • A wide variety of biomass resources are available for conversion into bio-products. • A much broader role for agriculture is emerging as new markets develop for renewable energy and other industrial products from bio-based feedstocks. • Biomass is an alternative and sustainable renewable energy source in Bangladesh. • Thermal and bio-chemical methods are widely used for changing over biomass to energy. • Government plan is to produce electricity by utilizing natural gas, liquid fuel, and peat. • Membrane gas separation technology is used to increase the quality of gas. 5
  6. Pharmaceuticals, Fragrance, and Cosmetics Extracted from • Bark of Betula • Flowers of Dendrobium • Fruit of Carica papaya • Petals of Rosa gallica • Leaves of Fragaria vesca Aromatic plants, extracts, essential oils Uses Feed additives e.g. antioxidants, growth promoter Food industry e.g. flavors, fragrances Cosmetic industry e.g. perfumes, skin products Pharmaceutica l industry e.g. medicines Main activities Antioxidant activity Antimicrobial activity Anticoccidial activity 6
  7. Breeding strategies: Conventional strategies: 1.Plus tree selection 2.Provenance test 3.Hybridization and production 4. Accelerated breeding Modern strategies: 1. Seed orchard 2. Micropropagation i. Somatic embryogenesis ii. Organogenesis 3. Genetic engineering i. Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer ii. Biolistic method of gene transfer Sources of Gums and Resins: Different species of Boswellia, Acacia and Commiphora. Gums and Resins 7
  8. Tannins and Dyes Tannins Sources Tannins are found commonly in the bark of trees, wood, leaves, buds, stems, fruits, seeds, roots, and plant galls. Uses They are used chiefly in tanning leather, dyeing fabric, and making ink and in various medical applications. Dye Sources Most natural dyes are vegetable dyes, the main sources of which are various parts of plants such as roots, stems, seeds, barks, leaves and wood. There are also other biological sources such as fungi, snails, insects, etc. Uses In textiles, leather, paints, photographs, cosmetic and pharmaceutical using to impart color products, biological stains and food color. Tannins and Dyes- Extraction from Plants 8
  9. Pulps Paper Sources Agricultural wastes—straw, corn stalks, bagasse (sugarcane waste), bamboo, and some other grasses— are used for making certain grades. Finally, one of the most important sources of pulp is the fiber recovered from old papers, rags, and cardboard boxes. Sources Paper is made from cellulose – trees being the main source of cellulose fibre (or woodpulp). Besides woodpulp, paper can be made from other materials such as cotton, flax, esparto, straw, hemp, manilla and jute. Uses It is a versatile material with many uses, including printing, painting, graphics, signage, design, packaging, decorating, writing, and cleaning Uses paper printouts, receipts, post-its, envelopes, Paper cups, napkins, toilet rolls, tissues, cardboard, diapers and baby wipes, LCD screens, shoes and handbags, food casings and filters. Pulps and Paper 9
  10. Fibre and Timber plant Breeding Objective • To improve the quantity and quality of the produce-improvement of timber wood 1. pulp wood and 2. fuel wood. • Economic return per time on a unit land. • Quality aspect such as fibre length , specific gravity. • Disease resistance. • Input use efficiency. • Conserve the available biodiversity in that species for future. Breeding Cycle 10
  11. Extracted From • Peanut • Soybean • Rapeseed • Mustard • Sunflower • Safflower • Sesamum • Linseed • Castor • Cotton seed etc. Breeding Objectives • Yield enhancement • Enhance seed • longevity Edible Oil Edible Oil used in Medicines and pharmaceuticals Industries Pet foods By-products Animal Feed Soaps & Detergent Intermediate Chemical Tocopherol Personal Care Products Biodiesel 11
  12. Breeding Program for sugar and starch Breeding techniques • Clonal propagation • In vitro conservation • Preservation of seeds • Gene discovery and genomics Breeding Objectives • High productivity and high sucrose • development of clones resistant to ratoon stunting and smut • Disease resistence • Production of sugar alcohols, gases • Increasing fibre content Sugar and Starch 12
  13. Processed food 13
  14. Common Breeding Strategies Breeding strategies: Conventional strategies: 1.Plus tree selection 2.Provenance test 3.Hybridization and production 4. Accelerated breeding Modern strategies: 1. Seed orchard 2. Micropropagation i. Somatic embryogenesis ii. Organogenesis 3. Genetic engineering i. Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer ii. Biolistic method of gene transfer 14
  15. Problems of crop production for bioproducts in BD 15 Although bio-based products offer new opportunities, and their application is completely safe, but there are some problems: • only 0.1% of developed formulations have been put on the market • different working mechanisms than those of conventional agrochemicals. • In bio-products there is no particular active substance with identifiable properties • Another challenge is to prepare the formulation. • Bio-products (biopesticides, biostimulants) are subject to registration in accordance with the mentioned Regulation. • Registration procedures are complex. • In the case of bio-products, preparation of such documentation is not an easy task. By adding the appropriate co-formulants, good miscibility with water, product stability and activity should be ensured.
  16. 16 Relevant to Bangladesh The present situation on the market of agrochemicals in Bangladesh is facing difficulties related to products registration. Research on supercritical algal extracts as a biostimulant of plant growth and health supporting feed additiveis as well as the perspectives of the use of biomass as the carrier of fertilizer nutrients are visualised. The method of production of new fertilizer components with micronutrientsis under consideration. The concept of new phosphorus biofertilizers containing living microflora that solubilizes phosphorus is being reported.
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