7 de Jan de 2017

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  1. After learning personality you are able to….. 1. Define personality 2. Personality models 3. Other personality traits 4. Types of personalities in organizational behavior 5. How personality link with job 6. How personality affect to the work place 7. Personality development 8. Great personalities
  2.  “The Dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that Determine his unique adjustments to his environment” By Gordon Allport (70 years ago)  “How people affect others and how they understand and view themselves as well as their inner and outer traits and person situation interaction.” By Fred Luthans What is personality?
  3.  If it’s simply defined Personality is the comparatively permanent set of psychological attributes that tell the difference one person from another. Simply define Personality= reacts + interacts P= ways individual reacts to others + interacts from others for their react
  4. Why should managers measure personality?  Help managers forecast who is best for a job  Useful in hiring decisions Measuring Personality Methods of Measuring Personality self-report surveys (Most common) Observer-ratings surveys (independent assessment)
  5. Major Determinants Of Personality Environmental Factors of Personality Heredity Factors of Personality Personality Determinants • Genes are the source • Twin studies: raised apart but similar personality  neighborhood a person lives in, his school, college, university and workplace
  6. Personality Models
  7. Introduction to Personality Models Personality models have also been used by leaders and managers for understanding, explaining, and managing communications and relationships. Personality helps to adapt the way you work with others, how you communicate, provide information and learning, how you identify and agree tasks, are the main factors enabling successfully managing and motivating others and yourself.
  8. 'The Big Five' is the commonly used term for the model of personality which describes the five fundamental factors of our personality.  Openness to experience  Conscientiousness  Extraversion/Introversion  Agreeableness  Neuroticism The 'big five' factors personality model
  9. • Openness to experience Openness is a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience. Conscientiousness Conscientiousness is a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement against measures or outside expectations. Extraversion Extraversion is characterized by breadth of activities surgency from external activity/situations, and energy creation from external.
  10. • Agreeableness The agreeableness trait reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others. Neuroticism Neuroticism is the tendency to experience negative emotions, such as anger, anxiety, or depression It is sometimes called emotional instability, or is reversed and referred to as emotional stability.
  11. Other personality traits
  12.  The degree to which like or dislike themselves.  Positive self evaluation leads to higher performance. Negative self evaluations are leads to lower job performance Ex:- Life insurance agent found core self-evaluations were critical predictors of performance. 90% of life insurance sales calls end in rejection so agent has to believe in herself to persist. In fact, this example shows who have positive core self-evalution.but if her believe too much with over confident and their perceived infallibility often cause she to make bad decision. Core Self-Evaluation
  13.  How to gain power and how to use.  A pragmatic emotional distant power player who believes that ends justify the means.  High machs are manipulative , win ,more often ,and persuade ,more than they persuaded flourish when  Have direct interaction  Work with minimal rules and regulations Ex:- Sam is a young manager. He’s had three promotions in the past 4 years and makes no apologies for the aggressive tactic he’s used to upward. “I’m prepared to do whatever I have to do to get ahead” he says. Sam would properly be called Machiavellian. Machiavellianism
  14.  A proud , entitled, elated person who needs excessive admiration  Less effective in their job. Ex:- Fred likes to look at himself in the mirror a lot and he likes to be the center of attention. He has lot of dreams and he think about himself proudly, He think he has many talent. He is a narcissist. Narcissism
  15.  The ability to adjust behaviour to meet external ,factors  High monitors confirm more and more likely to become leaders. Ex:- Grace is always in trouble at work. though she is competent , hard working and productive , in performance a reviews she is rated no better than average , and she seems to have made a career of irritating bosses . Grace’s problem is that she’s politically inept . she is enable to adjust her behaviour to fit changing situations. As she puts it , “ I’m true to myself . I am don’t remake my self to please others ”. we would describe Grace as a low self monitor. Self monitoring
  16.  The willingness to take chances .they make faster decisions with less information. Ex:- People differ in their willingness to take chances ,a quality that affect how much time and information they need to make a decision. for instance 79 managers work on simulated exercise that required them to make hiring decision. High risk taking managers made more rapid decision and used less information than did the low risk takers interestingly, decision accuracy was the same for both groups Risk taking
  17.  Proactive is to step up and do something to solve a problem before it becomes as issue. It is to take steps to avoid the problems in the first place .  Sometimes things go wrong and we feel shaken up. As a result we might explode on someone or something ,this is called reactive.  Ex : Did you ever notice that some people actively take the initiative to improve their current circumstances or create new ones? These are proactive personality .those with a proactive personality identify opportunities ,show initiative , take action , and preserve until meaningful change occurs , compared to other who passively react to situations. The proactive personality
  18. Types of personalities in organizational behaviour
  19. • There are several personality types of people in an organization. Mainly four personality types in an organization. • That is, 1. Extroversion(E) & Introversion(I) 2. Sensing(S) & Intuition(N) 3. Feeling(F) & Thinking(T) 4. Perceiving(P) & Judging(J) Personality types
  20. • Extroversion(E) & Introversion(I) These both personalities have their place in an organization.Extroverts will most likely command attention to share ideas & suggestions in meetings and may be best at public speaking.On the other hand , introverts prefer one on one communication & may meet personally with managers or oter influential workers to share ideas & make suggestions. Importance of personality types
  21.  Thinking(T) & Feeling(F) Thinkers are more likely to consider information & situations carefully before making decisions.While feelers make their decisions based on emotions
  22.  Judging(J) & perceiving(P) In an organization an employees with a judging personality can be tasked with long term planing toward a successful situational outcomes.A perceiving person may be tasked with short term goals to reach quick outcomes under demanding circumstances.
  23. How personality link with job
  24. • Figuring out what makes you tick is a complicated and important task, perhaps the most • important one. Most of us are so caught up in the daily stress cycle that we haven’t • focused on this question—or if we have, the treadmill of our busy lives has taken us far • away from the answer. But the answer remains critical if you want to create a • meaningful, energizing and exciting career. Who You Are Is More Important Than What You Do
  25. How personality affect to the work place
  26.  When people arrive at the office, they bring with them their individual traits and personalities. Regardless of a person’ position or responsibilities in the work place ,personality plays a role in how a person approaches a job completes a task and interacts with others personality IN work place
  27.  Knowing your mind  Outgoing or a reflective thinker  The big picture or attention to deal  Analytical or people based solutions  Organizing life  Relationships  Personality traits affect performance How personality affects work
  28. Personality development
  29.  Every person likes to be a attractive to other people.  So you can follow these ways… 1.Be a better listener. if we can listen another person we can built our personality.. How can improve your personality?
  30. 2.Read more and expand your interests. If you read more and cultivate your interests, the more interesting you are to others. 3.Be a good conversationalist. This describes how much you read and know.
  31. 4.Have an opinion. Good personality should have a clear opinion. You have an uncommon point of view or differing opinion,you are more interesting to be with socially.the better opinions develop your personality
  32. 5.Meet new people  Always try to meet new people especially those not interesting you…  It helps you to know other different cultures.  So you can develp your horizons
  33. 6.Have a positive outlook and attitude. The people are not like to negative thinking people.if you want built a good personality you should
  34. 7.Be supportive of others. If you want intergrate this personality you should support others.
  40. What is personality?? If it’s simply defined Personality is the comparatively permanent set of psychological attributes that tell the difference one person from another We can Measure the personality by using these methods 2 Methods of Measuring Personality self-report surveys (Most common) Observer-ratings surveys (independent assessment)
  41. Personality determinants/factors Genetic determinants Physiological determinant Psychological determinant Social determinant Cultural determinant They have 2 method to describe the personality Myers Briggs type indicator (MBTI)  The 'big five' factors personality model - OCEAN
  42.  Myers Briggs type indicator (MBTI)  This the most widely used instrument in the world  Respondents are asked a series of situational questions and their answers are categorized on four scales to determine personality type  { E} Extraverted/Introverted {I }  {S} Sensing/Intuitive {N}  {T} Thinking/Feeling {F}  {J} Judging/Perceiving {P}  There are sixteen possible combinations of these four scales
  43. The Big Five Model Extroversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional Stability Openness to Experience
  44. Other Personality Traits Relevant to OB  NARCISSISM  Self monitoring  CORE SELF –EVALUATIONS  Risk taking  Machiavellianism

Notas del editor

  1. We are grantee that after this 30 minutes you ll know
  2. By Fred Luthans Personality = external appearance + behavior + self-concept + situational interaction
  3. A self-report is any method which involves asking a participant about their feelings, attitudes, beliefs and so on. Most common method: self-reporting surveys    It’s provide an independent assessment of personality. observer-ratings surveys are a better predictor of success on the job.
  4. Every person has a different personality and there are a lot of factors which contribute to that personality. We call them the ‘determinants of personality’ The environment that an individual lives in has a major impact on his personality. The culture and environment establish attitudes, values, norms and perceptions in an individual. Based on the cultures and traditions, different senses of right and wrong are formed in individuals. These environmental factors also include the neighborhood a person lives in, his school, college, university and workplace. Moreover, it also counts the social circle the individual has. Your friends, parents, colleagues, co-workers and bosses, everybody plays a role as the determinants of your personality. . The heredity approach refers to factors determined at conception such as physical stature and gender. This has been reaffirmed by studies that have looked at twins who were raised apart but still had similar personalities. Personalities can, however, change over time.