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Accountability
for
Sustainability:
making the
links work
Håkan Tropp
OECD WGI Meeting 2 Nov. 2015
The SIWI/UNDP Water Governance Facility
WGF is a UNDP/SIWI partnership to
enhance the contribution of water
governance tow...
Why does accountability matter?
• As much as 30-40% of water supply
investments in developing countries are
dys-functional...
Accountability in WASH in
two documents
An overview of the concept of accountability and its
importance to successful and sustainable water and
sanitation service...
•Definitions and types of accountability
- administrative, political, social, and more
• Why sustainable WASH services req...
Examples: Accountability relations in
WASH services
 19 Action sheets with practical
information and guidance
 Structured to help you match the
diagnosis of accountability ...
Three levels of intervention for
external support agencies
PRIMARY ACCOUNTABILITY OBJECTIVES LEVEL OF INTERVENTION
RESPONS...
Objectives Action Sheets
Objective 1:
Enhance policy coherence
1 A) Definition/revision of sectoral policies
Objective 2:
...
Structure of the Action Sheets
http://watergovernance.org/programmes/accountability-for-
sustainablity
Thank you
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Hakan Tropp (SIWI) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

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Hakan Tropp (SIWI) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

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Hakan Tropp (SIWI) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

  1. 1. Accountability for Sustainability: making the links work Håkan Tropp OECD WGI Meeting 2 Nov. 2015
  2. 2. The SIWI/UNDP Water Governance Facility WGF is a UNDP/SIWI partnership to enhance the contribution of water governance towards the reduction of inequalities, exclusion and poverty, and the enhancement of environmental sustainability, by: • Providing policy support and advice to governments, international agencies, civil society organizations and others actors • Building capacity and managing knowledge on water governance • Contributing to global processes and assessments
  3. 3. Why does accountability matter? • As much as 30-40% of water supply investments in developing countries are dys-functional after 2-5 years. • ECA report about WASH programs in 23 countries identified governance challenges as the main threat to long term sustainability (ECA, 2012). • Main constraints identified by ODI for service delivery (Booth, 2010; Wild et al., 2012): – Incoherent policies and fragmented institutions – Poor top down disciplines and limited bottom-up accountability relationship – Limited scope for problem solving and local collective action Photo: Joost Butenop, WIN photo contest
  4. 4. Accountability in WASH in two documents
  5. 5. An overview of the concept of accountability and its importance to successful and sustainable water and sanitation service delivery What is Accountability?: Accountability refers to sets of mechanisms that make institutions in the public and private sector answerable for their actions and ensures that actions can be applied against poor performance, illegal acts and abuses of power Accountability means that elected officials and those in charge of providing access to services have to explain and justify their actions and decisions to users and may suffer sanctions in the case of eventual misconduct. The Concept Note: Opening the black box of accountability
  6. 6. •Definitions and types of accountability - administrative, political, social, and more • Why sustainable WASH services require institutions that are held to account •Accountability links in the WASH service delivery framework – the rural and urban settings The content
  7. 7. Examples: Accountability relations in WASH services
  8. 8.  19 Action sheets with practical information and guidance  Structured to help you match the diagnosis of accountability weaknesses to different solutions and options for action  Help to design or improve WASH programmes to address a wide range of accountability gaps The Reference Guide for Programming: putting accountability in action
  9. 9. Three levels of intervention for external support agencies PRIMARY ACCOUNTABILITY OBJECTIVES LEVEL OF INTERVENTION RESPONSIBILITY Setting the scene - defining the roles and enabling cooperation in service delivery. ANSWERABILITY A new quality of relationships - informing, consulting and including stakeholders in all stages of service delivery ENFORCEABILITY Exercising oversight - monitoring performance, supporting compliance and enforcement
  10. 10. Objectives Action Sheets Objective 1: Enhance policy coherence 1 A) Definition/revision of sectoral policies Objective 2: Clearly define allocation of responsibilities between stakeholders 2 A) Instruments to clarify roles and responsibilities of users and service providers 2 B) Instruments to clarify the delegation from governments to service providers Objective 3: Put coordination mechanisms in place 3 A) Supporting sector coordination and sector reviews Objective 4: Enhance the flow of information and use of consumer feedback 4 A) Real time monitoring of water and sanitation services 4 B) Citizen report cards 4 C) Community scorecards Objective 5: Improve consumers’ access to information 5 A) Informal mechanisms for information dissemination 5 B) Disclosure of information by State agencies and service providers Objective 6: Create spaces for stakeholder participation and influence 6 A) Public expenditure tracking surveys 6 B) Participatory budgeting 6 C) Community based monitoring 6 D) Spaces of dialogue and interaction on water and sanitation services Objective 7: Support the establishment or functioning of a regulatory function 7 A) The regulatory body, a central policy and oversight body for water services 7 B) Water Watch Groups Objective 8: Strengthen external and internal control mechanisms 8 A) The role of consumer associations in holding state and providers to account 8 B) Institutional mechanisms for oversight and checks and balances 8 C) Utilities´ complaint and grievance mechanisms 8 D) Integrity Pact for Procurement
  11. 11. Structure of the Action Sheets
  12. 12. http://watergovernance.org/programmes/accountability-for- sustainablity Thank you

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