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Rural urban partnerships - An integrated approach to economic development, by OECD

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Stronger connections between urban and rural areas facilitate better access to jobs, amenities and services. The OECD looks at how governance can evolve to help manage this integration and influence the prosperity of places and people. For further information see http://www.oecd.org/gov/rural-urban-linkages.htm

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Rural urban partnerships - An integrated approach to economic development, by OECD

  1. 1. Rural-Urban Partnerships: An Integrated Approach to Economic Development Paolo Veneri Regional Development Policy Division GOV OECD Brussels, 28 January 2014
  2. 2. Outline • Why rural-urban partnerships are important Urban-rural interactions and their implications The benefits of rural-urban co-operation • How to build effective rural-urban partnerships Tackling the appropriate scale Involving the relevant stakeholders Learning to be more effective
  3. 3. Urban and rural areas are increasingly integrated (1/3) In OECD countries, on average, almost 80% of rural population live close to an urban area (2012)
  4. 4. Urban and rural areas are increasingly integrated (2/3) • Urban and rural areas have both growth potential and often complementary assets • Urban and rural areas are increasingly integrated in self-organising spaces (functional regions) • Integration between urban and rural areas is important for socio- economic performance Large metro regions support GDP growth in surrounding rural areas
  5. 5. Urban and rural areas are increasingly integrated (3/3) Distance matters between ‘urban’ and ‘rural’ An analysis on OECD small rural regions show that: - positive growth spillovers emerge from urban to rural regions - rural regions grow more the smaller the distance to the closest urban place - proximity matters also for rural-rural relationships • Urban and rural areas have both growth potential and often complementary assets • Urban and rural areas are increasingly integrated in self-organising spaces (functional regions) • Integration between urban and rural areas is important for socio- economic performance
  6. 6. Rural-urban areas are interconnected through different functions
  7. 7. R-U partnership can help reach development objectives Common purposes of R-U partnerships Category Focus of co-operation Economic development Territorial promotion Supply chain Urban agriculture Natural assets management Management of water sources Biodiversity Land-use management Landscape and environmental preservation Service provision Transport Healthcare, social care, education Waste disposal Political relevance/ access to funds Political relevance/visibility Advocacy for funding
  8. 8. Rural-urban partnerships are driven by functional linkages • Labour market flows are key, but there are also other crucial R-U interactions • The spatial scale to consider depends on the purpose of partnership • The spatial scale of co-operation should be flexible • Physical distance is important Example: Nuremberg Metropolitan Region •Polycentric region (network of cities) •The partnership covers a geography that extends well beyond labour markets. •Land-based economic complementarities, innovation, public transport network and common territorial identity are functional linkages underlying the partnership boundaries.
  9. 9. R-U partnership can help reach development objectives Benefits of Rural-Urban partnerships • Production of public goods • Achieve higher economies of scale (e.g. in service provision) • Capacity building • Account for negative externalities • Overcoming coordination failures Potential risks and bad outcomes • Transaction costs / additional burden • Risks of unbalanced distribution of benefits among partners • Risks of focusing on output rather than of outcome and actual needs of territories
  10. 10. Building effective and sustainable rural- urban partnerships: a strategy Matching ..the appropriate scale Including ..the relevant stakeholder Learning ..to be more effective 1. Better understanding of R-U conditions and interactions 2. Addressing territorial challenges through a functional approach 3. Working towards a common agenda for urban and rural policy 4. Building a enabling environment for R-U partnership 5. Clarifying the partnership objectives and related measures
  11. 11. Thank you!

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