1. Delivering the Mitigation Work
Programme ( MWP)- Accelerating
Action Through Existing Initiatives:
Global Forum on Environment & Climate Change -September 12 2023
Ms. Cheryl Jeffers- Ministry of Environment, Climate Action and
St. Kitts and Nevis Experience
3. National Context/Situation Analysis- St. Kitts and Nevis
Small Island Developing State (SIDs) - located in the
Smallest Independent Nation in the Western Hemisphere
both in size and population
The estimated population of St. Kitts and Nevis for 2020
Combined Size: 261 Square km
Main Economic Driver: Tourism
Weather: Tropical Climate
4. Response to Climate Change
• International Response:
• Party to UNFCCC and Paris Agreement
• National Response:
• Submitted Revised NDC in 2021
• Developed a NDC Implementation Plan and Financing Strategy
• National Climate Change Policy
• National Climate Change and Adaptation Strategy
• Political Response:
• Creation of Ministry of Environment, Climate Action et al
• Political support to advance work in renewable energy, including the support of
grid interconnectivity between the two (2) Islands
5. Importance of Delivering a MWP
Matter of survival for SIDS who have already begun to lose
ecosystems, lives and livelihoods as a result of the adverse impacts
of climate change.
Co-benefits – general health and well being
Successful implementation of mitigation actions provides greater
energy security for all.
6. Actions undertaken in St. Kitts and Nevis:
SIDS Lighthouses Initiative ( SIDS LHI)
The SIDS LHI was established in response to a strong call-to-action by
the SIDS Leaders through the Small Island Developing States
Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA).St. Kitts and Nevis has
received support in 3 broad areas:
3. Renewable Energy Technology Capacity Building
2. Solar City Simulator for Basseterre and Charlestown
1. NDC Enhancement and Implementation
7. NDC Enhancement and Implementation
• SKN’s Revised NDC was submitted in 2021 (collaborative effort by IRENA, NDC Partnership and
• Mitigation Analysis was conducted by IRENA . Through desk research, stakeholder consultation and
data collection, the team was able to:
• provide technical inputs to support the revised NDC mitigation targets
• contribute to the identification and prioritization of suitable mitigation measures to achieve
national climate goals
• The Revised NDC outlines the country’s mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce economy-
wide carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions by 61% by 2030, compared to the base year, 2010.
8. Contents in Revised NDC
The plan is conditional upon adequate access
to resources, including climate finance as well
as capacity-building support and technical
• The interventions include exploring
renewables such solar PV, wind and
• Improvement in transmission and distribution
infrastructure to reduce losses.
• Reduction in power demand through the
introduction of solar water heaters
• Penetration of electric vehicles (EVs).
9. Solar City Simulator - Basseterre and Charlestown
• This is a web-based software tool developed by IRENA
to support homeowners, businesses, and governments
in evaluating the prospects for electricity generation
using rooftop-mounted solar photovoltaic (PV) systems.
• The tool:
• aids in the assessment of rooftop solar potential.
• can quicken the pace of energy planning and
improve the efficiency of policy for rooftop solar PV.
10. Capacity Building
• Practical design of key clauses for risk allocations and pricing
• Designing power purchase agreements
Empowering key stakeholders on the requirements
needed to successfully deploy renewable energy
projects is CRITICAL.
Key barriers include:
• limited policy frameworks
• capacity to mobilize and access finance for mitigation actions
• capacity support to new and emerging technologies
• Creating a transparent MRV System that links mitigation
actions with access to finance
• Continued training applicable to the specific needs of SIDS
12. Next Steps- Future Outlook
The Mitigation Work Programme should be fit for purpose.
All hands on deck are required to “urgently scale up
mitigation ambition and implementation in this critical
We need to align our pledges, targets and actions with 1.5˚C
There is an urgent need to increase deployment of existing
low-GHG technologies and approaches.