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Aliki Giannakopoulou talks about responsoble research and innovation (RRI)
Responsible Research & Innovation (RRI) is a way of researching that takes a long-term perspective on the type of world in which we want to live. It can strengthen research projects by emphasising openness, transparency, diversity, inclusiveness and adaptation to changes. Essentially, RRI aims to create collaborative frameworks in which citizens engage with scientists, entrepreneurs, decisions makers and other groups to work towards sustainable, ethically acceptable and socially desirable outcomes.
Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Fracking uses huge amounts of water, which must be transported to the fracking site, at significant environmental cost. Environmentalists say potentially carcinogenic chemicals used may escape and contaminate groundwater around the fracking site. The industry suggests pollution incidents are the results of bad practice, rather than an inherently risky technique.
Diversity and Inclusion means early involvement of a wide range of of actors and publics in R&I practice, deliberation, and decision-making to yield more useful and higher quality knowledge. This strengthens democracy and broadens sources of expertise, disciplines and perspectives. Responsiveness and Adaptive Change means to be able to modify modes of thought and behaviour, overarching organizational structures, in response to changing circumstances, knowledge, and perspectives. This aligns action with the needs expressed by stakeholders and publics.
Anticipation and Reflection means to envision impacts and reflect on the underlying assumptions, values, and purposes to better understand how R&I shapes the future. This produces valuable insights and increases our capacity to act on what we know. Openness and Transparency means to communicate in a balanced, meaningful way methods, results, conclusions, and implications to enable public scrutiny and dialogue. This benefits the visibility and understanding of R&I.
Ethics focuses on (1) research integrity: the prevention of unacceptable research and research practices; and (2) science and society: the ethical acceptability of scientific and technological developments. Gender Equality is about promoting gender balanced teams, ensuring gender balance in decision-making bodies, and considering the gender dimension in R&I in order to improve the quality and social relevance of results. Governance: arrangements that lead to acceptable and desirable futures have to be (1) robust and adaptable to the unpredictable development of R&I (de facto governance); (2) familiar enough to align with existing practices in R&I; (3) share responsibility and accountability among all actors; and (4) provide governance instruments to actually foster this shared responsibility. Open Access addresses issues of accessibility to and ownership of scientific information. Free and earlier access to scientific work could improve the quality of scientific research and facilitate fast innovation, constructive collaboration among peers and productive dialogue with civil society. Public Engagement fosters collaborative and multi-actor R&I processes: all societal actors work together throughout the entire process in order to align its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of society. Science Education focuses on (1) enhancing the current education process to better equip citizens with the necessary knowledge and skills to enable their participation in R&I debates; and (2) increasing the number of researchers (promoting scientific vocations).
families turn into scientists and scientists turn into campaigners
OSFair2017 Workshop | Why is responsible research & innovation important?
Why is Responsible Research & Innovation
➔ Making sense of Responsible Research & Innovation
➔ The Citizen science approach
One of the most innovative schools in Greece
Classes from kindergarden to high school
Research & Development department
A teacher training centre
Running more than 20 European projects
Coordinator of the Open schools for Open societies project
security of Europe
and its citizens
Europe in a changing
Society is facing many challenges today…
...like those identified by the European Commission
● food safety
● affordable medication
Science & technology sometimes create risks and dilemmas
Society needs a new R&I approach to address present and future
controversies more efficiently.
RRI tackles these Grand Challenges by aligning the values, needs and
expectations of all actors involved in Research and Innovation.
What do you do when you do RRI?
Align R&I with
Open R&I to
all actors and
at all levels
RRI seeks to bring issues
related to R&I into the open
in order to anticipate their
consequences, and to involve
society in discussing how
science and technology may
help us create the world we
Implementing RRI: process dimensions
From the RRI TOOLS
Who are the main actors in R&I processes?
From funders to policy
officers, research centre
directors and representatives
of learned societies, whether
at a European, national, or
Teachers, students, science
museums’ staff, families
and all those concerned
with education at all levels
research managers, public
and all those who support
the diversity of the R&I
From individuals to
and the media, civil
society is crucial to
shape the R&I our
From contractors and
SMEs to large transnational
companies with strong R&I
The six Policy Agendas
resources in research
for attaining gender
science & society
to foster shared
responsibility in R&I
processes in R&I
Increasing the knowledge
and skills of citizens in
order to promote scientific
vocations and participation
and considering specific key issues
RRI is about:
Business & Industry
including all actors,
and process dimensions
Open access in the RRI context
Each year we have 2.000.000 scientific articles
90% of research outcomes each year is locked
From the 2 million articles 1 million is rejected the first time (1
bounce 6 months delay)- 500.000 years of delay each year
Valid data useful to different stakeholders are out of reach
Open Science in RRI
Publish all valid research data and focus on optimizing efficiency
and quality control
Gives access to all relevant stakeholders
Science Education in RRI
Creating an Open School culture
Import external ideas that challenge internal views
and beliefs and, in turn, exports its students – and
their assets – to the local community
School makes a vital contribution to its community
Student projects meet real needs in the community outside of
school, they are presented publicly, and draw upon local expertise
and experience. www.openschools.eu
What is Citizen science?
Citizen science is the involvement of the public in scientific research
– whether community-driven research or global investigations
Citizen science projects should…
have a genuine science outcome
ensure both scientists and citizens benefit from taking part
ensure citizens receive feedback from the project
have data publicly available
citizens are acknowledged in the results
How citizen science can become more
Topic/relation to researchers/raising ethical issues/bringing up gender
For example take…. the Alzheimer's’ Society in the UK
In every step – defining research questions, doing the research,
analysing the data and measuring the impact – the patients and
carers who are affected by memory loss are involved as co-
Or the Biohacking community… contributing to charters of bioethics
Or the Raremark community for people with rare diseases who
often know more about their diseases than many doctors do
How RRI is your practice?
The Self-Reflection Tool ( RRI TOOLS PROJECT)
The SRT offers you room for reflection on those aspects of RRI you already consider in
your work, those you don’t, and how you and your organisation can move towards a
more responsible practice.