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No. 1 New Fetac Complete Intro

  1. 1. Welcome <ul><ul><li>PLEASE BE SURE TO PUT YOUR MOBLIE PHONES ON SLIENT... </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>This course will take you through the following topics </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. COMPUTER OPERATION & USE <ul><ul><li>Outer Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice Assignments </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>Input Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Care & Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start up & Shut Down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Microsoft Word <ul><ul><li>How to Start Word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set-up Page Orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fix Typing Errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice Assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Print and Amend Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>How to Enter Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important Keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save a Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Open an Existing File </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Close All Documents </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Microsoft Excel <ul><ul><li>Basics of a Spreadsheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is a Cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use Autosum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Print Your Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignments </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>What Are Colums & Rows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Widen a Colum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving a Doccument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Open an Existing Excel Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Close All Documents </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Microsoft Publisher <ul><ul><li>Opening Publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start With a Pre-designed Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colour Font and Schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add a Picture </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>Entering and Editing Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving Your Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practise Assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printing Your Published Piece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Breaks <ul><ul><li>13:15 to 14:15 Lesson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14:15 to 14:25 Break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14:25 to 15:25 Lesson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15:25 to 15:35 Break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15:35 to End Lesson </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  7. 7. Introduction <ul><ul><li>As you may know, there are many types of computers, Including... Desktop computers and Notebook computers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In this class we are using Notebook computers </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  8. 8. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Desktop computers consist of a Monitor, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>a case and a keyboard </li></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  9. 9. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Notebooks also known as Laptops have all their components in a single piece of equiptment as opposed to Desktops or PC’s. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  10. 10. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Take a look at the computer in front of you. Look at all of the different parts of the computer and not Just the screen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You will notice that it also has a touchpad. This is in place of a mouse. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  11. 11. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Most offices use desktop computers and the case or Tower as it is sometimes called houses the working components of the computer. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  12. 12. Tower Case <ul><ul><li>All cases will have a power switch and an indicator usually lights to indicate it’s ON / OFF status. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There will also be slots or drives where you can insert a CD RoM, DVD or in a few cases a Floppy drive </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  13. 13. Tower Case <ul><ul><li>Floppy drives are all but obsolete, but are still used in some places for information backup. These have been replaced with CD RoM, DVD’s and USB pendrives. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  14. 14. Disk & USB Drives <ul><ul><li>You can write information to USB and CD RW, saving the data on them thus making the data stored on them very portable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also seen here is an external Hard Drive </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  15. 15. CD RoM <ul><ul><li>CD RoM stands for Compact Disk – Read only Memory. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can also get CD-RW which means you can write information and change it on the CD. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RW stands for Re-write. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  16. 16. In put Devices <ul><ul><li>An in put device is anything that allows you to put information IN to the computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you know of any In put devices? </li></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  17. 17. Input Devices <ul><ul><li>They keyboard and the mouse are the most common input devices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A keyboard has over 100 keys and many keys have more than one function. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mice come in many shapes and some have different purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This mouse is a Trackball used for Computer Aided Design (CAD) </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  18. 18. Out put Devices <ul><ul><li>Out put devices are any device which produces or gives OUT information to the user. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  19. 19. Computer Hardware <ul><ul><li>Computers are made up of many electrical components and parts. Each of these have specific tasks and work together to make the computer function properly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of these parts and components are stored inside your computer and are rarely seen by the user, except in cases of maintenence. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  20. 20. Circuts <ul><ul><li>The Motherboard is the largest of the circut boards and as it’s name suggest it is the mother to all of the other circut boards stored in your computer </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  21. 21. Motherboard <ul><ul><li>You will find many slots and connectors varying in size and shape on the Motherboard . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each of these have different purposes, from RAM Memory to sound cards to the modem , through which your computer can connect to the Internet or other computers </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  22. 22. The Modem <ul><ul><li>A Modem allows a computer to communicate with other computers, via a DSL phone line or wireless modem to a wireless broadband router (eg: Internet) </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  23. 23. CPU Central Processing Unit <ul><ul><li>The CPU is like the Brain of the computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It controls the computer and tells it what to do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The CPU is usually housed in a single chip called a Microprocessor as seen here. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  24. 24. BIOS Basic Input Output System Gregory Donaghy
  25. 25. BIOS Basic Input Output System <ul><ul><li>To put it quite simply........... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The BIOS wakes your computer up!! </li></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  26. 26. RAM & RoM <ul><ul><li>RAM stands for Random Access Memory , RoM for Read only Memory . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAM cards ( top right ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>will remember what you tell it until you turn your computer off. It just speeds up the process by remembering the session that your in. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ROM will always remember until you change the information or wipe it. It will not add to your processing speed. It is just your computers storage memory . </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  27. 27. Disk Drives <ul><ul><li>As we seen earlier, some CD’s are Read only Memory RoM . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So too is the internal H ard D isk D rive. </li></ul><ul><li>They look quite similar too, except for the casing around the HDD and the arm that extends accross the disk. This is what reads the HDD </li></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  28. 28. Inside The Case Gregory Donaghy
  29. 29. Storage <ul><ul><li>All computers have storage, nowadays it comes in GB’s . The computers Data is stored in the HDD in order to get this information to the CPU as fast as possible when it is needed. Storage devices come in many shapes and sizes. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  30. 30. Bits & Bytes <ul><ul><li>On or Off? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All information travelling through your computer is based on 2 commands!! On or off . There are millions of combinations of On or off represented by 1’s and 0’s . </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  31. 31. Kilobytes to Gigabytes <ul><ul><li>You will come across abbreviations like KB, MB, GB and TB . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>KB a Kilobyte is aprox 1,000 bytes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MB a Megabyte is aprox 1,000,000 bytes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GB a Gigabyte is aprox 1,000 Million bytes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TB a Terrabyte is aprox 1,000 billion bytes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example if you were to buy a new computer it may state that it comes with 500 GB of memory and 4 GB of RAM </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  32. 32. Computer Programmes Operating Systems Gregory Donaghy
  33. 33. Computer Programmes Operating Systems <ul><ul><li>The most popular Operating Systems or OS’s are those manufactured by Microsoft as seen on the previous slide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But there are alternative OS’s available. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple have MAC OSX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also there are open source OS’s by LINUX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And Go og le are set to have there own OS as early as 2010 </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  34. 34. Computer Programmes Software <ul><ul><li>Software are programmes that are used on your computer. For Eg: Microsoft Word will allow you to type letters plus much, much more. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skype will allow you to make calls from your computer provided you have an internet connection. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  35. 35. Computer Applications <ul><ul><li>Microsoft Word processing – letter writing, essays, writing stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Access Database – address books, mailing lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Excel : Spreadsheets – storing financial information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlook Express : E-mail programmes e.g. Microsoft Outlook, Yahoo, Hotmail etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Paint Computer Art Programmes – Microsoft Office, Paint etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD – Rom: Education – skill practice games, tutorials, how-to-programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Publisher : – Creating birthday cards, newsletters etc </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  36. 36. Computer Care and Safety <ul><ul><li>Your computer is like any other electrical item. It needs special care and handling. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are some specialized tasks that only a computer specialist or system administrator can carry out. Like... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defragmentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hard Drive partitioning </li></ul></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy <ul><ul><li>But you can keep your system running smoothly with just a little love and care. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. A Clean Machine is a Mean Machine <ul><ul><li>Often over looked, but your computer needs to be kept clean on the outside as well as the inside </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy Keeping your computer free from dirt, dust and most importantly liquids will ensure your computer has a longer and happier life span. Refere to you system manual for more details.
  38. 38. Always Remember <ul><ul><li>Never spray your monitor or any part of your PC with glass cleaner!! </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy Spray a lint free cloth with the MINIMUM amount of glass cleaner. Then very gently wipe the screen. Make sure you spray the cloth away from your computer!
  39. 39. Always Remember <ul><ul><li>When cleaning your keyboard, try to use something like a duster, or you can purcase canned air from your computer store. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy Try to use a duster specifically for your computer rather than one used in the home or office. Dusters designed for computers are available in most computer outlets.
  40. 40. Peripherals <ul><ul><li>Most mice today are equipt with a lazer optic sensor, there for it has less moving parts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older mice come with a ball located at the bottom of the unit which can be removed and cleaned. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canned air can be used to clean or remove any dust particles in or around the mouse keys. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  41. 41. WARNING! <ul><ul><li>Never try remove the cover of your PC to clean it. If it needs attention, have a qualified specialist do it. It may cost a little to have it done but it is far safer than doing so yourself and risking injury or even death. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember your PC uses Electricity! </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  42. 42. Starting Your Computer <ul><ul><li>You will nedd to check a few things before you switch your PC on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Make sure it isn’t on already!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This might seem stupid but all PC’s have powersave mode which activates when your computer is idle for some time. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you press the space bar before attempting to switch on, you could save yourself some hassle. </li></ul></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  43. 43. Starting Your Computer <ul><ul><li>Ensure that there are not any disks in any of the drives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you have disks in the drives the computer will investigate these for commands before swithcing on costing you some time! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasionally your monitor may need to be switched on too. </li></ul></ul>Gregory Donaghy
  44. 44. Starting Your Computer Gregory Donaghy This should be similar to what you see when the system boots. This is known as the LOG IN SCREEN Various Operating Systems Boot with slight differences. This is typical of Windows XP
  45. 45. Entering Passwords Gregory Donaghy You will probably have to enter a password to gain access passed the boot screen Move the pointer with the mouse over the login that you want. Then hit the enter key or click on the green arrow. Then left click on the mouse to open the field, use the keyboard to enter the requred password.
  46. 46. Home Screen Gregory Donaghy After entering the password your screen should look something like this! Using the start menu at the bottom left of the screen, you can select a number of options including shutting the computer down properly! Select “Turn Off Computer”
  47. 47. Shutting Down Gregory Donaghy Select the RED button to correctly shut your computer down!