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Agile vs. Traditional Project Management - A Game-based Experiment

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The popular “Ballpoint Game” was utilized to tackle the question, whether a superior project approach exists. Two different project approaches have been compared: quick iterations (as know from "agile" management) versus in-depth conceptualization (as known from "waterfall"). The 2-years-experiment involved more than 1,000 participants - and led to a surprising result!

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Agile vs. Traditional Project Management - A Game-based Experiment

  1. 1. Agile CC by-sa overthefence.com.de FRANKY‘S FABULOUS FENCE GRILL >You kill‘em,we grill‘em< PRESENTS THE GREATEST FIGHT IN PROJECT HISTORY “The Waterfall” Traditional VS. DIRECT FROM RINGSIDE AT Meat ‘n Greet SLAUGHTERHOUSE ALL SEATS RESERVED STARTING €25DOORS ARE O P E N BERLIN IS THE PLACE 2013 2014 2015 *** RINGSIDE ONLY *** NO HOME TV *** NO RADIO *** CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  2. 2. Agile vs. Traditional: An experiment to challenge project management approaches CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  3. 3. The experiment 23 months 1,032 participants 42 nationalities 86 teams and 12,299 tennis balls CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  4. 4. Before we start 4 the ballpoint game CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  5. 5. Before we start 5 move as many ballsas possible CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  6. 6. Before we start 6 in 2 minutes! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  7. 7. Before we start 7 rulesof play Ball must not touch floor Start point is end point Ball must have air time No ball to your direct neighbor Everybody must touch the ball CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  8. 8. Before we start 8 let‘s build two teams CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  9. 9. Before we start 9 let‘s try different approaches! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  10. 10. Before we start 10 Who wins, quick iterations or … CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  11. 11. Before we start 11 ...in-depth planning? CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  12. 12. Before we start 12 the case for team 1 PLAN RUN REVIEW RUN REVIEW RUN… 2 4 5 7 8 16min. estimate estimate five quick iterations CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  13. 13. Before we start PLAN RUN 0 16min. estimate one plan that must be perfect the case for team 2 14 CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  14. 14. Before we start 14 Repeating the rules …  Move tennis balls  As many as possible  In two minutes  Start point = end point (fill the empty basket)  Balls must have air-time  No ball to your direct neighbor  Everybody must touch the ball CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  15. 15. Before we start 15 let‘s battle! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  16. 16. One way to do it …
  17. 17. One of many alternatives …
  18. 18. Before we start 18 what‘s the result? CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  19. 19. Team 1 always wins! >> After 16 minutes (Round 1): The team with the “iterative approach” wins 31 of 31 competitions (i.e. has moved more balls in 2 mins. than the other team) CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  20. 20. Before we start 20 let‘s have a second round! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  21. 21. Before we start 21 let‘s swap approaches! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  22. 22. Before we start 22 Team 2 becomes agile PLAN RUN REVIEW RUN REVIEW RUN… 2 4 5 7 8 16min. estimate estimate five quick iterations CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  23. 23. Before we start PLAN RUN 0 16min. estimate one plan that must be perfect Team 1 does in-depth planning 14 CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  24. 24. Before we start Overview How the entire game was set-up CC by-sa overthefence.com.de 32 Min.0 16 Min. 1st Round 2nd Round „Team 1“ „Team 2“
  25. 25. Before we start 25 Guess, who wins after the 2nd round? CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  26. 26. Tied game! >> After Round 1 and Round 2 the team which started with an “iterative approach” wins only 15 of 31 competitions; the other team wins in 16 cases. CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  27. 27. Before we start 27 Final experiment … Does a pure “agile“ approach beat the combination of “agile“ and “traditional“? CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  28. 28. Nope! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de Team B (Pure Approach) Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Iterative/Iterative In-depth/In-depth Team A (Combined Approach) Iterative/In-depth Iterative/In-depth Iterative/In-depth Iterative/In-depth Iterative/In-depth Iterative/In-depth In-depth/Iterative In-depth/Iterative In-depth/Iterative In-depth/Iterative In-depth/Iterative In-depth/Iterative Game # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Winner Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A) Combined (A)
  29. 29. Finding Combining approaches is superior to a single approach! CC by-sa overthefence.com.de
  30. 30. read the complete blogpost at overthefence.com.de
  31. 31. CC by-sa overthefence.com.de

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