12. 1. Personification:
When the poet gives human characteristics to animals, plants or
other non-living things.
In the poem, the poet the Grasshopper using the word “he”. One
more example is “the frost has wrought a silence” Frost is
symbolised as something living.
It is a figure of speech in which two contradictory terms are
e.g. “pleasant weed”. Weed is an unnecessary thing. However the
poet calls in pleasant because it is a part of nature.
13. 3. Enjambment:
It is the continuation of a sentence without a pause, beyond
the end of a line, couplet or a stanza.
e.g. “when the frost has wrought a silence”, “from the stove
there shrills the cricket’s song” etc.
It is the repetition of identical initial consonant sounds in
successive or closely associated syllables within a group of
e.g. “a voice will run”, “from hedge to hedge”, “…winter