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While Pliny the Elder refuted it in Natural History as early as AD 77, the
phrase originates from the myth that birds of the genus Cygnus sing before
they die. The Scottish cleric Jon Willison used the expression in one of his
Scripture Songs, 1767, where he refers to "King David's ____-____", the
first time its use was recorded in print.
In 1911, French psychologists Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon created the first modern intelligence
test, which calculated IQ based on whether children could accomplish tasks like pointing to their
nose and counting pennies. The concept of "IQ" followed soon after.. Any child with an IQ of above
70 was considered "normal," while kids above 130 were considered "gifted." To deal with kids
below 70, psychologists invented a nomenclature of retardation.
Those with IQs between 51 and 70 were called ______ (X). Xs had adequate learning skills to
complete menial tasks and communicate. _________(Y), with IQs between 26 and 50, never
progressed past a mental age of about six. And the lowest of all were the ______ (Z), with IQs
between 0 and 24, who were characterized by poor motor skill, extremely limited communication,
and little response to stimulus.
Give me X, Y and Z
First used in a 1951 Gary Cooper western titled Distant Drums, this stock
sound effect began in a scene in which a group of soldiers wade through a
swamp, and one of them lets out a piercing scream as an alligator drags
him underwater. In the early '70s, a group of budding sound designers at
USC’s film school—including future Academy Award-winning sound
designer Ben Burtt—recognized that the unique scream kept popping up in
numerous films they were watching. They nicknamed it the “_______
Scream” after a character in the first movie they all recognized it from, a
1963 western called The Charge at Feather River in which a character
named Private _______ lets out the pained scream after being shot in the
leg by an arrow.
Name the stock sound effect
Ben and Jerry’s practice of adding chunks to its ice creams resulted in its
strong or rich taste, that it is famous for. However, this can be alluded to its
founder Ben Cohen, who suffers from a medical condition called anosmia,
which resulted in him adding more flavoring.
So what exactly is anosmia?
By the mid 1950s, over 200,000 PLA troops were stationed in Tibet, ready to
launch into India, should the powers that be command. This resulted in a
famine like condition as the country's delicate subsistence agricultural
system was stretched beyond capacity. So how did China get rice for its
soldiers to tide over the problem?
Got rice from India as part of Panchsheel Treaty
The image in question was taken in 1839 by an amateur chemist and
photography enthusiast from Philadelphia named Robert Cornelius.
Cornelius had set his camera up at the back of the family store in
Philadelphia. He took the image by removing the lens cap and then running
into frame where he sat for a minute before covering up the lens again. On
the back he wrote “The first light Picture ever taken. 1839.”
This is the first example of what?
The Chain Bridge is a suspension bridge that spans the River Danube in
Hungary. Designed by English Engineer William Tierney Clark in 1839, it was
regarded as one of the modern world's engineering wonders. It connects
the former capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and the to its eastern
counterpart, which comprises over two-thirds of the modern capital.
Name the two cities
Buda and Pest, which jointly form the modern
Shah Jahan used to dispense justice in his court due to which he was
often compared to King Solomon. To reinforce his image as a just king,
Shah Jahan commissioned it which was comparable to a common motif
It did not have any name in the beginning but took on the name of its
most prominent motifs
It was lost in the eighteenth century and even though it was replicated ,
the whereabouts of the original remains a mystery.
What is it that is most commonly associated with authority figures?
Dead of Night is a 1945 British anthology horror film (a gothic or horror anthology) made by
Ealing Studios; the individual stories were directed by Alberto Cavalcanti, Charles Crichton,
Basil Dearden and Robert Hamer. Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold, and Fred Hoyle were 3
Cambridge scientists (shown in the image in the next slide) who once went to watch this
This movie had a circular plot, with a recurrent nightmare portion, that gave the movie a
never-ending feel - or rather, the movie could be imagined to have no beginning or end
because of its circular plot.
After the movie ended, these 3 men entered into a discussion about the movie and its
nature. This discussion (and further contemplation) led to the them proposing something.
Shown in the next slide is an excerpt of an interview
that the then Bayern Munich manager Pep Guardiola
gave after his team drew 1-1 against Manchester United
in the 2014 Champions League Quarterfinal at Old
Me: "Do you think Manchester United were a little bit negative then by their
tactics of crowding their defence?"
PG: "Nein [no], nein, nein."
Me: "That's what it sounds like a little bit ... Do you think it's a little bit negative,
they're at home, they're the 20-times champions of England?"
PG: [in a low growl]: "I didn't say that."
Me: "No, I'm asking you your opinion.
PG: "I didn't say that. I didn't."
PG: "I didn't say that. He's [Moyes] my colleague. I respect my colleague and
colleague can play like - look at me when I talk to you."
At this point, I seem to have looked away from Guardiola, which angered him.
Me: [surprised] "Are you talking to me?"
PG: "Yeah, look at me when I talk to you."
Me: "Yeah, OK, I am looking at you."
Me: [keen to establish courtesy is a two-way street]: "Are you looking at me?"
Me: [laughing] "It's like ____ ______ this."
PG: "No, but I'm talking to you, you don't look at me, so I am trying explain."
Me: "Calm down, calm down."
PG: "I am trying to explain. I'm trying to explain."
This song ‘_________ ______’ by a Tuvan group called
‘Anda Union’ is supposed to represent or imitate
something often seen and heard in that part of the
Listen carefully and tell me what they are imitating
Shown in the next slide is the video of the song “Walk with me in hell” by
the American Groove metal band Lamb Of God. This style of moshing -
jumping up and down - gets its name not from a TV Channel but from an
object, a patent for which was first registered by two people in 1920 at
John Eales AM is an Australian former rugby
union player and the most successful captain in the
history of Australian rugby. He became one of only
twenty dual Rugby World Cup winners.
Eales played lock for Queensland Reds and Australia.
He was given the nickname “X" because “X is
Eales' 55-cap reign as captain marked an era of
Australian success in world rugby. Eales played a
major part in Australia's victories at the Rugby World
Cup twice in his illustrious career, first in 1991, and
later skippering his country to victory in 1999. he took
over the captaincy from Rod McCall who
replaced Phil Kearns after playing 31 tests.
The first known mention of the
word ___________was in the 2nd
century AD in a poem called De
Medicina Praecepta by Serenus
Sammonicus, physician to the
Roman emperor Caracalla, who
prescribed that the sufferer from the
disease wear an amulet containing
the word written in the form of a
triangle. This, he explained,
diminishes the hold over the patient
of the spirit of the disease.
Today this word is used in a quite
different context. Which word?
It was widely said that Hitler used to keep framed photo
of X an American millionaire ,on his desk. X also kept a
framed photo of the Nazi leader on his desk in Dearborn,
Michigan. In Mein Kampf, Hitler included some anti-
Semitic views attributed to X.
The millionare industrialist X, was also a rabid Jew-hater,
and started a newspaper to spread his peculiar brand of
antisemitism to the world at large.
In recognition of X’s industrial prowess and his erstwhile
labors against the many realms of Jewish perfidy, the
Nazi government chose 1938 to recognize one of its most
• move or cause to move in a specified direction
• go past or across; leave behind or on one side in proceeding
• (of time) elapse; go by
• transfer (something) to someone, especially by handing or bequeathing it
to the next person in a series
• (of a candidate) be successful in (an examination, test, or course)
• (of a legislative or other official body) approve or put into effect (a proposal
or law) by voting on it
• discharge (something, especially urine or faeces) from the body
• forgo one's turn in a game or an offered opportunity to do or have