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The open boat writer and context

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The open boat writer and context

  1. 1. The Open Boat By Stephen Crane
  2. 2. Stephen crane ● Stephen Townly Crane, was born on November 1st of 1871, Newark. He was the last of 14 children. He got married to Helen Peck Crane. He went to collage in Pennsylvania and New York, but he did not graduate. He was an American novelist, poet and short-story writer. His most popular works were: ● Maggie’s Girls of the Streets ● The red badge ● The open boat. These were heavily influenced by the post-civil war era in the state and the downtrodden poverty and quality of life that he was impressed in.
  3. 3. Interesting fact: Crane was stranded at sea for thirty hours when his ship, the SS Commodore, sank after hitting a sandbar. He and three men were forced to navigate their way to shore in a small boat. One of the men drowned after the boat overturned. Traumatized by the event, Crane tried to write about it in a newspaper and then in a short story.
  4. 4. Determinism Determinism, in philosophy, theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes. Determinism is usually understood to preclude free will because it entails that humans cannot act otherwise than they do. The theory holds that the universe is completely rational because complete knowledge of any given situation assures that unerring knowledge of its future is also possible. Unerring: accurate or always right
  5. 5. “Idea that every event is necessitated by antecedent events and conditions together with the laws of nature.” Determinism is a theory that every event is fully destined by a previous cause. It implies that there are no coincidences and that everything happens for a reason. You may also understand that determinism implies structure and order whilst coincidences imply disorder.
  6. 6. Nature in Literature/Connection between nature and Man Many authors use poetry as a way to enlighten readers about the significance of nature in their lives. Nature can be found in many poems to help the humanity to realize what we are doing with our habitat. Ancient and middle man felt part of nature. He found his sense in complementary with the other r living being of nature and with nature itself. Now a days humans are destroying nature, we are exploiting all natural resources Like Elizabeth said, the humans are the only living organism that weren’t created for a reason. Humans have been surviving to wildlife in the most extreme environments on Earth.
  7. 7. What is the meaning of “ Fate “ Fate is an agency of power that orders and presitermines a future course of events, this according to the modern usage. ILL-fated is unlucky and unsuccessful, often resulting in death. Auggie, the main character of the book and movie “Wonder” fair was determined by his gene deformity,this means his fate was made and determined by his deformity. This proves that fate is determined by something or someone. Also another example of faith occurred in the book “the kites are flying” said’s fate was to live in between that war of palestine and israel and this war was the cause of said’s fate
  8. 8. Symbols of: - Sea gull: Popular culture, tatoo symbols, it is a representation of freedom , independence and unique character. - Water: It means life, fertility and purity. - Waves: Represent the sudden obstacles life throws to our way. - Foam: It means our need to rid ourselves of impurities and have a spiritual or emotional cleansing. - Storm: Foreshadowing. Tramatic fuent which units people torn asunder. It can force changes in the direction of the path that one is going. - White: Associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity and virginity. It is a colour of perfection, safety, purity and cleanliness, and successful begining.