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PROJECT
ENTREPRENEURIA
L MINDSET:
Research and Education
ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET
Entrepreneurial HeadEntrepreneurial Heart Entrepreneurial Hand
MINDSET CHANGE SKILL ACQUISITION MATURING PROCESS
3 PILLARS OF CIPUTRA ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION
ENTREPRENEURS
Commercial
Entrepreneurs
Government /
Public Entrepreneurs
Corporate
Entrepreneurs
(Intra-preneurs)
Social
E...
PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF AN
ENTREPRENEURS:
self – confidence
openness to experience
tolerance for ambiguity
independ...
Passionate
Market Sensitive
Calculated Risk-taker
Creative And Innovative
Independent
Persistent
High Ethical Standard
7 C...
• Learn to understand entrepreneurship
• Learn to be entrepreneurial
• Learn to become an entrepreneur
Ciputra University ...
LEARNING METHOD:
experiential and problem/project – based learning.
LEARNING ENTREPRENEURSHIP INVOLVES PROCESSES OF:
• Lea...
UC Graduate Profile:
CURRENT PERFORMANCE MEASURES:
• Number of businesses being created
• Number of new employment opportunity being created
• ...
Entrepreneurship Education must cover domains of:
Cognitive
Psycho-motoric
Affective
Quotients to be measured:
IQ, EQ, SQ,...
• Holistic Approach of
Entrepreneurship Curriculum covers
3 learning domains (Bloom’s
Taxonomy) :
1. Cognitive : Problem s...
One thing for sure:
Learning entrepreneurship includes learning from failures.
Fail Fast, Fail Often and Fail Cheap
“Good ...
Clip from Bruce C. Martin, Jeffrey McNally, Michael J. Kay paper
on Journal of Business Venturing
Suggests:
1. Those who h...
Clip from Tae Jun Bae, Shanshan Kian, Chao Miao and James O. Fiet paper on the
Relationship between E’ship Education and E...
oN THE OTHER SIDE:
1. Students had lower level of intention to start a business after
completing entrepreneurship course (...
There is a lacked linkage to established theories that explains the
relationship between education and entrepreneurial beh...
DEFINITION OF EET
Entrepreneurship Education and Training (EET) can range from short
training course focusing on core entr...
ENTREPRENEURSHIP-RELATED HUMAN CAPITAL ASSETS CONTAINS:
1. Knowledge & skills incl. knowledge of entrepreneurship &
entrep...
UC : Universitas Ciputra
CEC : Ciputra Entrepreneruship Center
Literature
Research
Tool Design
Pilot Data
Collection
Verif...
Literature Review
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GEC+ 2016: Ivan Sandjaja

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Ivan Sandjaja, Director, Ciputra Entrepreneurship Foundation, on Developing an Entrepreneurial Mindset

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GEC+ 2016: Ivan Sandjaja

  1. 1. PROJECT ENTREPRENEURIA L MINDSET: Research and Education
  2. 2. ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET Entrepreneurial HeadEntrepreneurial Heart Entrepreneurial Hand
  3. 3. MINDSET CHANGE SKILL ACQUISITION MATURING PROCESS 3 PILLARS OF CIPUTRA ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION
  4. 4. ENTREPRENEURS Commercial Entrepreneurs Government / Public Entrepreneurs Corporate Entrepreneurs (Intra-preneurs) Social Entrepreneurs
  5. 5. PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ENTREPRENEURS: self – confidence openness to experience tolerance for ambiguity independence locus of control proactivity needs for achievements risk acceptance unconventionality ideational fluency etc.
  6. 6. Passionate Market Sensitive Calculated Risk-taker Creative And Innovative Independent Persistent High Ethical Standard 7 CHARACTER OF ENTREPRENEURS CIPUTRA WAY:
  7. 7. • Learn to understand entrepreneurship • Learn to be entrepreneurial • Learn to become an entrepreneur Ciputra University model: giving the student the experience of how to create a real start up with real money to generate real profit ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION:
  8. 8. LEARNING METHOD: experiential and problem/project – based learning. LEARNING ENTREPRENEURSHIP INVOLVES PROCESSES OF: • Learning • Un-learning • Re-learning
  9. 9. UC Graduate Profile:
  10. 10. CURRENT PERFORMANCE MEASURES: • Number of businesses being created • Number of new employment opportunity being created • Total Revenue being generated monthly Does NOT reflect any reliable evidence of mindset change!
  11. 11. Entrepreneurship Education must cover domains of: Cognitive Psycho-motoric Affective Quotients to be measured: IQ, EQ, SQ, AQ  Entrepreneurial Quotient
  12. 12. • Holistic Approach of Entrepreneurship Curriculum covers 3 learning domains (Bloom’s Taxonomy) : 1. Cognitive : Problem solving using intelligence and conscious thought 2. Psycho-motoric : physical movement 3. Affective : feeling/emotion (receiving, responding, valuing, organization, characterization  Krathwohl)
  13. 13. One thing for sure: Learning entrepreneurship includes learning from failures. Fail Fast, Fail Often and Fail Cheap “Good Ideas does not come from successes but from failures” Jeff Hoffman
  14. 14. Clip from Bruce C. Martin, Jeffrey McNally, Michael J. Kay paper on Journal of Business Venturing Suggests: 1. Those who have taken university- level courses in entrepreneurship have higher intention to start a business (Galloway & Brown, 2002) 2. Individual who have had entrepreneurship training are more likely to start a business (Kolvereid & Moen, 1997)
  15. 15. Clip from Tae Jun Bae, Shanshan Kian, Chao Miao and James O. Fiet paper on the Relationship between E’ship Education and E-Intentions: a Meta Analytic Review • Overall, entrepreneurship education has a statistically significant but small positive relationship with entrepreneurial intentions. The meta-analysis indicated that the correlation between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions was ρˆ = .143. • In addition, another analysis confirms that the entrepreneurship education– entrepreneurial intentions relationship (ρˆ = .143) was greater than the business education–entrepreneurial intentions relationship (ρˆ = .051). • The difference was statistically significant. Thus, in conclusion: entrepreneurship education was related more positively to a participant’s entrepreneurial intentions than was business education
  16. 16. oN THE OTHER SIDE: 1. Students had lower level of intention to start a business after completing entrepreneurship course (Oosterbeek, 2010) 2. Training entrepreneurs in business planning can be negatively related to entrepreneurial performance (Honig & Karlssson, 2004)
  17. 17. There is a lacked linkage to established theories that explains the relationship between education and entrepreneurial behavior (Henry & Kailer, 2005)
  18. 18. DEFINITION OF EET Entrepreneurship Education and Training (EET) can range from short training course focusing on core entrepreneurship knowledge and skills related to starting a business in a particular market to full academic courses providing broad theoretical and conceptual understanding of topics such as opportunity identification, decision making in ambiguous context, causation vs. effectuation. The 2 types of EET impact the relationship between EET and entrepreneurship-related human capital assets and entrepreneurship outcomes.
  19. 19. ENTREPRENEURSHIP-RELATED HUMAN CAPITAL ASSETS CONTAINS: 1. Knowledge & skills incl. knowledge of entrepreneurship & entrepreneurial process, competency in finding business opportunities, competency in dealing with ambiguity in decision making 2. Positive Perceptions of Entrepreneurship incl. attitude towards entrepreneurship, desirability in becoming entrepreneur, self- efficacy for entrepreneurship 3. Entrepreneurship Performance incl. success in terms of duration, of financial performance & personal income from the owned business
  20. 20. UC : Universitas Ciputra CEC : Ciputra Entrepreneruship Center Literature Research Tool Design Pilot Data Collection Verification and Evaluation Pre-Test Ecamp Training Post-Test Evaluate and Conclusion Publication Replication UC CEC UC CEC UC CEC No Yes RESEARCH ROAD MAP
  21. 21. Literature Review

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