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Pathway to Cloud-Native .NET

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Presented at Speed and Scalability: Winning with Software in Today's Modern Economy in Cleveland on May 2nd, 2019.

Publicado en: Software
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Pathway to Cloud-Native .NET

  1. 1. Pathway to Cloud- Native .NET Modernizing .NET applications to Cloud Native Robert Sirchia Practice Lead 15.2.2019
  2. 2. 2 » App Portfolio Rationalization » SNAP » Decomposition » Steeltoe › Configuration › Circuit › Health › Service » Key Takeaways Agenda
  3. 3. 3 Who am I? Robert is a Lead Consultant with Magenic, heading up the Magenic Pivotal Practice, and has more than 15 years’ experience with the .NET and Microsoft technologies. He has been working with Pivotal Cloud Foundry in the .NET space for more than two years, and during that time, Robert has led large re- platforming and modernization efforts in moving .NET applications to Pivotal Cloud Foundry. He also has industry experience in real estate, financial institutions, politics, and energy and chemical.
  4. 4. 4 » This isn’t me… Who I am Not.
  5. 5. 5 Who is Magenic
  6. 6. 6 What do we got? Portfolio Rationalization
  7. 7. 7 Portfolio Rationalization Inventory Analyze Catalog Backlog • All applications • Ancillary services • All data sources • Diagram the system • Decompose functionality • Catalog the functionality of each application • Identifying functionality that crosses apps • Determine if the app is still used • Determine its business value • Determine suitability for the cloud (SNAP) • Backlog based on app inventory and functionality catalog • Organize based on deprecation or modernizations
  8. 8. 8 Conversational approach of evaluating the suitability of moving an app to the cloud. » Flush out risks » Outline priorities » General understand of the technologies used » Understand relative sizing SNAP
  9. 9. 9 » Overall for the app » All of the deploy points What to SNAP? My App Web UI API 2 API 1 My App XXL Web UI S API 1 L API 2 XXL
  10. 10. 10 » Event storming › Workshop method used to understand domains in a system › People − Business: those who understand events in business process − Technical: those who understand where the bodies are buried › Stickies − Orange: Events − Blue: Commands − Yellow: Aggregates − Purple: trouble spots › Select services − Start small to prove out SDLC − Then ramp up to higher value Decomposition
  11. 11. 11 Event Storming Customer Party Size and Name Recorded What do we do if no seats are available? Drinks Ordered Food Ordered Drinks Served Order Queued Food Served Food EatenFood Cooked Food Staged Bill Presented Bill Paid Order Drinks Queue Order Present BillRing BellSeat Requested Customer Seated Pay Bill What do we do if payment is declined?
  12. 12. 12 Event Storming Bill Presented Bill Paid Present Bill Pay Bill What do we do if payment is declined?
  13. 13. 13 » Identifying and catalog functionality for each application › On such platforms like Confluence » Evaluate proposed efforts against any existing functionality › Consider centralizing functionality if possible that crosses applications » Update the catalog frequently Cataloging
  14. 14. 14 Cloud Native Frameworks Fast Open Source Way to the Cloud
  15. 15. 15 Is an open source framework of Cloud-native libraries for implementing industry standard best practices when building microservices for the cloud. » .NET Core and .NET Framework » Runs on Windows and Linux » Works with or without Pivotal Cloud Foundry Steeltoe
  16. 16. 16 Configuration Configuration enables developers to configure an application with values from a variety of sources by using Configuration Providers. Each provider supports reading a set of name-value pairs from a given source location and adding them into a combined multi- level configuration dictionary.
  17. 17. 17 » Configuration Server › Centralized configurations › Served through Config Server › Stored in Vault, GIT, or local file system Spring Cloud Configuration Server Java App .NET App Java App
  18. 18. 18 » Add Cloud Foundry in Program.cs » Configure Options in Startup.cs » Inject in to your class » Get values you need Implementing Configuration Provider in .NET public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services) { services.AddOptions(); services.ConfigureCloudFoundryOptions(Configuration); services.AddMvc().SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_1); } [HttpGet] public ActionResult<IEnumerable<string>> Get() { return new string[] { _applicationOptions.Application_Name, _servicesOptions.Services["value"].ToString() }; } public static IWebHostBuilder CreateWebHostBuilder(string[] args) => WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args) .AddCloudFoundry() .UseStartup<Startup>(); public ValuesController(IOptions<CloudFoundryApplicationOptions> applicationOptions, IOptions<CloudFoundryServicesOptions> servicesOptions) { _applicationOptions = applicationOptions.Value; _servicesOptions = servicesOptions.Value; }
  19. 19. 19 Service Registration and Discovery A service registry provides a database that applications can use to implement the Service Discovery pattern, one of the key tenets of a microservices-based architecture. Applications can use a service registry to dynamically discover and call registered services.
  20. 20. 20 » Based on Netflix Eureka » Centralized service registry » Basic health checking » Useful for container to container (C2C) Service Discovery Consumer Service Registry Producer Producer Producer Producer Producer Register Discover Connect
  21. 21. 21 Implementing Service Discovery in .NET » Client rewrites hostname portion of URL with an actual service node » Create a new Discovery Handler » Call the service DiscoveryHttpClientHandler _handler; ILogger<AccountService> _logger; private const string ACCOUNT_URL = "http://accountService/api/account"; public AccountService(IDiscoveryClient client, ILoggerFactory logFactory) { _handler = new DiscoveryHttpClientHandler(client, logFactory.CreateLogger<DiscoveryHttpClientHandler>()); _logger = logFactory.CreateLogger<AccountService>(); } public async Task<string> GetAccountName() { var client = GetClient(); var result = await client.GetStringAsync(ACCOUNT_URL); _logger.LogInformation("AccountName: {0}", result); return result; } private HttpClient GetClient() { var client = new HttpClient(_handler, false); return client; }
  22. 22. 22 Circuit Breaking Cloud-native architectures typically consist of multiple layers of distributed services. End-user requests may require multiple calls to these services, and failures in lower- level services can spread to other dependent services and cascade up to the end user. Heavy traffic to a failing service can also make it difficult to repair. By using Circuit Breaker frameworks, you can prevent failures from cascading and provide fallback behavior until a failing service is restored to normal operation.
  23. 23. 23 » Based on Netflix Hystrix » Designed to prevent cascading failures » Gives live metrics on state » Maintaining three states » Used to fail gracefully and with a known failure state » Opens a circuit on › Timeout › failure Circuit Breaker Closed Half-Open Open Trip breaker Attempt reset Trip breaker Reset
  24. 24. 24 public class AccountCommand : HystrixCommand<Account> { private readonly ILogger<AccountCommand> _logger; private readonly IAccountService _accountService; private string _accountId; public AccountCommand(IHystrixCommandOptions options, ILogger<AccountCommand> logger, IAccountService accountService) : base(options) { _logger = logger; _accountService = accountService; } public async Task<Account> GetAccount(string accountId) { _accountId = accountId; return await Execute sync(); } protected override async Task<Account> RunAsync() { return await _accountService.GetAccount(_accountId); } protected override async Task<Account> RunFallbackAsync() { _logger.LogError("Couldn't get account"); return await Task.FromResult(new Account()); } } » Extend HystrixCommand » Add an Execute method » RunAsync (Circuit Closed) › What executes normally » RunFallbackAsync (Circuit Open) › What executes under failure Implementing a Circuit Breaker in .NET
  25. 25. 25 Management Both frameworks have a number of management endpoints that you can easily add to your application. The way the endpoints are exposed and used depends on the type of technology you choose in exposing the functionality of the endpoint.
  26. 26. 26 » Helps with monitoring and managing services in production » Can be exposed via HTTP and integrate with Pivotal Apps Manager » Customizable endpoints › Settings › Health › Info › Loggers › Tracing › etc. Management
  27. 27. 27 » Quick way to check the status of an application » Customize to monitor › Underlying services › External services › Messaging systems » Used to tie in to existing monitoring tools Health Management Service 3 Service 1 Health Check OK Health Check Database is not online Database
  28. 28. 28 » Completely open source » Active user community › Dedicated Slack channel › Open Pivotal Tracker » Examples and sample code in GitHub Open and Engaged
  29. 29. 29 » Using techniques to understand your portfolio of applications » Get started sooner and in the correct place » Use the tools to optimize applications to the cloud Key Takeaways
  30. 30. 30 Appendix

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