Indian wild ass

16 de Sep de 2020

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Indian wild ass

  2. SYNOPSIS • Systematic position • Physical description • Distribution • Food habitat • Grazing habits • Mating behaviour • Threats to wild ass • Poaching • Predation • Conservation efforts • Indian wild ass sanctuary
  3. SYSTEMATIC POSITION • Kingdom-Animalia • Phylum- Chordata • Class- Mammalia • Order- Perissodactyla • Family- Equidae • Genus- Equus • Species- khur • Common names-INDIAN WILD ASS, khur, ghorkhar..
  4. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION • The Indian wild ass, as with most other Asian wild ass subspecies, is quite different from the African wild ass species. • The coat is usually sandy, but varies from reddish grey, fawn, to pale chestnut. • The animal possesses an erect, dark mane which runs from the back of the head and along the neck. • The mane is then followed by a dark brown stripe running along the back, to the root of the tail.
  6. • Indian wild ass may attain body length of upto 260cm and has a height of 120cm range. • It has a tail that is quite slim, slender and can gain a length of around 80 cm. • It is covered by a brownish and yellow mingled hair. • Indian wild ass has a body weight approximately 250kg in usual. • Mouth slender, ears long and pointed. One of the fastest animals in the world and can attain a maximum speed of upto 50km in an hour.
  7. DISTRIBUTION • Indian wild asses are adapted to the xerophytes which can be accomodated to the desert regions based on their habitat. • Feeding is mostly done by these in the early morning hours and late in the evening. • Copious drinkers, they are quite tolerant of the saline content in their food. • Indian asses have a significant sense of smell as well as hearing. • Mostly they are in groups.
  8. HABITAT OF INDIAN WILD ASS • The strength of wild asses seems to be extending from Rann of kutch in Gujarat to Jalore district of Rajasthan. • Wild ass population has gradually increased from less than four hundreds in late sixties to more than four thousand in the 21st century. • Indian wild ass, an equid species inhabits the saline arid region of the rann of kutch in gujarat.
  9. FOOD HABITAT • Indian wild ass is exclusively a herbivorous animal(plant eating animal) and mainly its feeding is dependent on the coarse grasses that occasionally grow up during the rainy season. • Cheek teeth are large and have complex folds that enable them to chew the coarse grasses. • As the water is scarce in the desert regions, the wild ass intakes most of their daily water from moisture content present in their food.
  11. MATING BEHAVIOUR • Stallions live either solitarily, or in small groups of twos and threes while family herds remain large. • Mating season is in rainy season. • When a mare comes into heat, she separates from the herd with a stallion who battles against rivals for her possession. • After few days, the pair returns to the herd. The mare gives birth to one foal. • The male foal weans away by 1–2 years of age, while the female continues to stay with the family
  12. • Extreme isolation is a threat to the wild ass which can result due to inbreeding. • Overgrazing by livestocks reduces the food availability and also reduces the availability of water at springs. • Cutting down of nutritious shrubs and bushes increases the problem more. • In addition to that series of drought years could have devastating effect on this species. THREATS TO INDIAN WILD ASS
  13. POACHING • The threat affecting the wild ass is poaching for meat and hides. • In some areas using the rare species for getting traditional medicines is adding to the concern. • Habitat fragmentation and disease outbreaks are causing a rapid decline in their numbers. • These animals are considered a highly
  14. PREDATORS • Wolves and hyenas are well known predators for indian wild asses. • Predators are well known to prey them and their young fowls. • Poaching at an extent turned out to show most of the species in the end years of the century from their past distribution , till the same was declared as an endangered species.
  16. CONSERVATION EFFORTS • Conservation efforts have been made on the indian wild ass by the wildlife protection organization. • Owing to the same, one of the key events is the wild ass sanctuary in Rajasthan deserts in the year 1972. • This was done based on the wildlife protection act of 1973. • It significantly increased the number of asses
  17. INDIAN WILD ASS SANCTUARY • Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary also known as the Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Little Rann of Kutch in the Gujarat state of India • Spread over 4954 km², it is the largest wildlife sanctuary in india. • The wildlife sanctuary was established in 1972 and came under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. • The sanctuary is one of the last places on earth where the endangered wild ass sub-species Indian Wild Ass (Khur) (Equus hemionus khur) belonging to Asiatic Wild Ass species Onager (Equus hemionus) can be spotted.