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Kinship: Types & Degree in Polity and Society

Types & Degree of Kinship: Consanguineous Kinship & Affinal Kinship
Importance of Kinship

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Kinship: Types & Degree in Polity and Society

  1. 1. KINSHIP Kinship is one of the main organizing principles of society. The bond of blood or marriage which binds people together in group is called kinship. According to the Dictionary of Anthropology, kinship system includes socially recognized relationships based on supposed as well as actual genealogical ties. These relationships are the result of social interaction and recognized by society.
  2. 2. Types & Degree of Kinship Types of Kinship:  Consanguineous Kinship: It refers to the relationships based on blood, i.e., the relationship between parents and children, and between siblings are the most basic and universal kin relations.  Affinal Kinship: It refers to the relationships formed on the basis of marriage. The most basic relationship that results from marriage is that between husband and wife.
  3. 3. Importance of Kinship Kinship:  assigns guidelines for interactions between persons.  determines family line relationships, gotra and kula.  decides who can marry with whom and where marital relationship are taboo.  helps us to determine the rights and obligations of the members in all the sacraments and religious practices starting from birth to death.  maintains solidarity of relationships.  influences ownership of land, concept of wealth and the system of production and its use.
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