Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that is responsible for candidiasis in human hosts. C. albicans grow in several different morphological forms, ranging from unicellular budding yeast to true hyphae with parallel-side wall . Candida albicans is a unicellular, oval-shaped diploid fungus (a form of yeast ) Typically, C. albicans live as harmless commensals in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract and are found in over 70% of the population. Overgrowth of these organisms, however, will lead to disease Also known as Oral thrush Oral infection caused by fungi (yeast) of the genus candida Multiple species of candida (candida albican most common cause) Often an opportunistic infection Can transmit via direct contact If it is in the mouth or throat, it is called oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, or Thrush. If it affects the genital area, it is called a yeast infection. In women, it may be called a Vulvovaginal yeast infection. If yeast infects the skin on a baby’s bottom area, it causes a diaper rash. If the infection enters your bloodstream, it is called invasive candidiasis or candidemia. TRANSMITTED FROM MOTHER TO INFANT THROUGH CHILDBIRTH BY KISSING THE OVERGROWTH OF C.ALBICANS LEADS TO SYMPTOMS OF DISEASE, AND IT OCCOURS WHEN THERE ARE IMBALANCES RARELY SPREAD THROUGH SEXUAL INTERCOURCE In general case:- In general, you can prevent most Candida infections by keeping your skin clean and dry, by using antibiotics only as your doctor directs, and by following a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition. Treatments for candidiasis for managing Candida infections are usually based upon the anatomic location of the infection, immune status of the patient, risk factors for patients with infection, species responsible and lastly, upon the susceptibility of the Candida species towards the anti-fungal drug.