2. POP ART
“Once you ‘got’ pop, you could never
see a sign the same way again.
And once you thought pop, you could
never see America the same way
- Andy Warhol
4. WHAT IS POP ART?
▪ A major art movement from the mid 1950’s in
England and by the early 1960’s was at its fullest
potential in new York.
▪ Themes and techniques were drawn from popular
culture (hence “pop” art):
▪ Advertising & mass media
▪ Comic strips
▪ Celebrity photographs
▪ Consumer product packaging
▪ Everyday objects
5. WHAT IS POP ART?
▪ Pop art aims to target a large
audience, but is often academic and
difficult for some people to understand.
▪ The epic, or story, in art was replaced
with the everyday and the mass-
produced was awarded the same
significance as the unique. The division
between “high art” and “low art” was
6. WHAT IS POP ART?
▪ “The term Pop Art was first used by
the English critic Lawrence Alloway in a
1958 issue of Architectural Digest to
describe those paintings that celebrate
post-war consumerism, defy the
psychology of Abstract Expressionism,
and worship the god of materialism.”
- Nicolas Pioch
10. THE NATURE OF POP
▪ Pop Artists used
culture as their
▪ Consumer goods
▪ Comic strips Roy Lichtenstein, Masterpiece,
11. THE NATURE OF POP
Retroactive II, 1963
▪ Pop Artists reflected
1960’s culture by using
new materials in their
▪ Acrylic Paints
▪ Fluorescent and
▪ Metallic colors
16. ANDY WARHOL
▪ Andy Warhol was one of
the most famous Pop
▪ Part of his artistic
practice was using new
technologies and new ways
of making art including:
▪ Photographic Silk-Screening
▪ Mass production
▪ Media events
Andy Warhol, Brillo Boxes
17. ANDY WARHOL
▪ Andy Warhol (1928-1987) was one of the most
influential American artists of the 20th
▪ He drew on images such as comic books,
soup cans, movie stars and the media to
challenge the "highbrow" views of fine art.
▪ In addition to being an artist, Warhol was a
filmmaker, painter, collector, music producer,
commercial designer and illustrator, author,
magazine publisher, and fashion model.
25. QUOTABLE WARHOL
▪ “Everybody will be famous for 15 minutes.”
▪ “I’d asked around 10 or 15 people for suggestions.
Finally one lady friend asked the right question,
‘Well, what do you love most?’ That’s how I
started painting money.”
▪ “I’ve decided something: Commercial things really do
stink. As soon as it becomes commercials for a
mass market it really stinks.”
▪ “When I got my first television set, I stopped
caring so much about having close relationships.”
33. DAVID HOCKNEY
▪ Born in 1937, Hockney is
the best-known British
artist of his generation.
▪ He has often been
regarded as a playboy of
the art world.
▪ He has had lascivious
relationships, & run among
strange and crazy artistic
▪ Yet, he has always retained
his constant and tireless
devotion to his work.
39. FRANK STELLA
▪ Printmaker and painter
Frank Stella was born in
1936 in Massachusetts. He
University and majored in
▪ Stella soon found himself
influenced by figures the
likes of Franz Kline and
Jackson Pollock while in
school, and visits to the art
galleries of New York subtly
shaped Stella’s techniques.
43. JASPER JOHNS
▪ The American Abstract
is best known for his
painting Flag (1954-55),
painted he had a dream of
the American flag.
▪ His work is often
described as Neo-Dadaist,
though his subject matter
includes images & objects
from pop culture, leading
many to classify him as a
46. THE LEGACY OF POP
▪ Pop artists stretched the
definitions of what art could
be and how it could be
▪ “The Pop idea, after all,
was that anybody could do
anything, so naturally we
were all trying to do it all.”
- Andy Warhol
▪ The art world today reflects
many of the ideas, methods,
and materials pioneered by
the Pop Art movement.
47. ▪ In Untitled, 1991,
Barbara Kruger uses
the iconography of
the American flag
and hard edge
graphics to pose a
series of provocative
THE LEGACY OF POP
48. THE LEGACY OF POP
▪ With Rabbit, 1986,
artist Jeff Koons
cast a mass-
Easter bunny in
▪ The sculpture
became iconic of art
in the 1980’s.
▪ Andy Warhol created a series of ten color screen-
prints that portrayed endangered animals from
around the world: Siberian tiger, San Francisco
silverspot, orangutan, Grevy's zebra, black
rhinoceros, bighorn ram, African elephant, pine
barrens tree frog, giant panda and bald eagle.
▪ He used brilliant colors - characteristic of his
signature style - and expressions suggestive of
the animal's fate.
▪ Look for the tension between art and reality.
▪ The images that Warhol created, and the
publicity that they received in the media
sparked a conversation about endangered
species, and caused people to wonder:
▪ Why do animals, plants, flowers become
▪ How does this effect us?
▪ What can we do about it?
1. Choose an endangered or threatened species list: reptile, plant,
flower, bird, fish, etc., and find a picture of it (Feel free to use
The Dreaded Google).
2. Recreate that picture by creating an image of your own
measuring 6” x 6” with a ½” black border on all sides, in the style
3. You may create your image out of paint, colored pencil, marker,
photo collage, or colored paper – you may NOT use a digital
4. On the back of your image, list out the following information:
▪ What is the species? Where does it live? Why is it
endangered? What can people do to help?