3. What the literature has informed me:
Importance of teaching grammar in context
Integration of grammar with other aspects of
Practical ideas and activities for engaging
students in grammar instruction
Better understanding of current issues in
teaching grammar and approaches to address
Ellis, R. (2006). Current issues in the
teaching of grammar: An SLA perspective.
TESOL Quarterly, 40(1), 83-107.
Larsen-Freeman, D. (2003). Teaching
language: From grammar to grammaring.
Heinle & Heinle Pub.
Larsen-Freeman, D., & DeCarrico, J. (2019).
Grammar. In An introduction to applied
linguistics (pp. 19-34). Routledge.
Nassaji, H., & Fotos, S. S. (2011). Teaching
grammar in second language classrooms:
Integrating form-focused instruction in
communicative context. Routledge.
4. The interviews
Working mother of 3
Teacher at flight attendant
Participants signed the
consent forms for ethics
5. • Unexpected situation
with interviewee Lita
having no teaching
• Lesson learned: be better
prepared and thoroughly
check the background of
• First interview went over 15 minutes resulting in unfinished questions
• Lesson learned: be more mindful of time management during interviews
• Second interview covered all questions within the allotted 15 minutes
6. Preliminary findings
Preference for teaching grammar
implicitly through CLT
Emphasis on the importance of
Challenges and opportunities of
new technologies for teaching