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Gender sensitization and violence against women & girl final

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Gender sensitization - equality and other forms of female specific abuses

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Gender sensitization and violence against women & girl final

  2. 2. Sex, Gender and Gender Roles Sex Biological differences between men and women. Gender Social differences between men and women . Gender roles Socially differentiated roles of men and women.
  3. 3. Space For Video
  4. 4. Gender Stereotype An assumption about a person because they are female or male. Gender stereotyping contributes to gender inequality because what we believe about women and men influences how we act towards them.
  5. 5. Women And Negative Stereotypes: Various cultural images of women:- Pativrata- Unconditional Devotion to husband, Glorified Motherhood, Bharat Mata Image. Women in Advertisement:- -Women are shown in advertising as always young and attractive. -They are frequently depicted as sexual objects.
  6. 6. Sex Stereotyping in the Media: Consequences of Negative Stereotype and sexism for the individual:
  7. 7. What Is Violence? Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.
  8. 8. Types of violence
  9. 9. Violence against women is often a cycle of abuse that manifests itself in many forms throughout their lives. Phase Type of violence 1. Pre-birth Sex-selective abortion; effects of battering during pregnancy on birth outcomes. 2. Infancy Female infanticide; physical, sexual and psychological abuse. 3. Girlhood Child marriage: female genital mutilation; physical sexual and psychological abuse; incest; and child prostitution and pornography.
  10. 10. 4. Adolescence Dating and courtship violence and Adulthood (acid throwing and date rape) economically coerced sex ( e.g. school girls having sex with "sugar daddies" in return for school fees); incest; sexual abuse in the workplace; rape; sexual harassment; forced prostitution and pornography; trafficking in women; partner Violence; marital rape; dowry abuse and murders; partner homicide; psychological abuse; abuse of women with disabilities; forced pregnancy. 5. Elderly Forced "suicide" or homicide of widows for economic reasons, sexual, physical and psychological abuse.
  11. 11. Forms of gender based violence • UN Secretary General’s Report (2006) identifies the following forms of violence against women Female genital mutilation Domestic violence Forced pregnancy Harmful practices Forced sterilization Maltreatment of widows Female infanticide Marital rape Femicide So-called ‘honor’ crimes Sexual harassment Dowry-related violence Sexual violence Acid throwing Sexual violence in situations of Early marriage armed conflict Stalking Forced marriage Trafficking
  12. 12. Partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non-medical reasons. Female Genital Multilation Partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs, for non-medical reasons.
  13. 13. Honor Killings Women are put to death at the hands of their own family members because they are thought to have dishonored the family. Dowry Death The killing of a wife by her in-laws if the wife’s parents fail to pay additional dowry.
  15. 15. They appear to have little in common BUT battered women experience physical and psychological violence Women who are sexually harassed may experience physical violence. Rape is a crime of violence, not sexual passion
  16. 16. Causes Of VAW • Women are supposed to have less power in public spaces than men. • Women and girls are seen as a different and lower caste. • Masculinity defined at the women’s expense. • Concept of husband As GOD. • Sanctity of marriage not to be broken. • Son preference. • Daughter’s right to live in her father’s place is limited to live till she is married.
  17. 17. Women laws in India:- 1. Constitution of India 1950 2. Right to elementary education 3. Family Laws 4. Labour Laws 5. Human Rights and Women Legal Aid 6. Domestic Violence Act 2005 7. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956 8. Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971 9. Hindu Succession Act 1956 10. Special Marriage Act 1955 11. Child Marriage Act 1929 12. Hindu’s Widow Remarriage Act 1865
  18. 18. Reality -Laws are not inforced -Culture, customs, traditions take precedence over laws. -Women who speakout are considered bad. - Lack of Legal awareness and Education. •Male gender bias •Female infanticide •Nutritional deprivation
  19. 19. Obstacles to Making A Gender Sensitive Organisation  There is insufficient awareness among People; gender issues are still widely understood as women’s issues only.  Power relations between men and women in our own Society are unequal in many ways.  We need to ‘sell’ the idea of gender in our Society via dialogue rather than antagonizing or mystifying. It is also important to emphasize the opportunities for change rather than concentrating only on finding and countering resistance.
  20. 20. What should be done- Strategies for-Prevention & control -Gender Equality among All -Change The Cultural mindset about women -Support to victim -Women police cell, help lines, NGOs - Awareness, Laws & Govt Involvement
  21. 21. What can I do? -Educate ourselves -Empowerment of Girls -Evaluate our Culture -Support the organization working in favor of violation of a girl -Fund Donation to NGOs -Encourage Local Law Enforcement
  22. 22. Strategies for improving gender equality and Reducing Violence:- • Education: • Legislation: • Financing: • Women empowering women: • Engaging boys and men:
  23. 23. Conclusion Lets taught 4 mantras to our daughters:- -Beware -Be alert -Be prepared -Be confident
  24. 24. GENDER EQUALITY MUST BECOME LIVID REALITY On the platform of equality together we can achieve the common goals of organization not merely with legal changes but definitely with attitudinal changes.
  25. 25. Thank You
  26. 26. Space For Video