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Overview on Industry 4.0

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Overview on Industry 4.0

  1. 1. 1 Industry 4.0:An Overview Prepared by Name:Rafiatun Ferdous Khan Id:1709004
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution, now also known as the First Industrial Revolution, was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the United States, in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840 It was a time when the manufacturing of goods moved from small shops and homes to large factories. This shift brought about changes in culture as people moved from rural areas to big cities in order to work. 2
  3. 3. i 1.Hand production methods to machines 2.New chemical manufacturing and iron production processes 3.Increasing use of steam power and water power 4.Development of machine tools and the rise of the mechanized factory system 6.Led to an unprecedented rise in the rise in the rate of population growth 3
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  5. 5. Four Stages of Industrial Revolution 5
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  7. 7. The first industrial revolution (1760- 1830) -Shift in production done by hand to machine -Introduction to power loom -Mechanization of production facilities with water and steam power -Improvement in manufacturing and other process. -30x increase in Iron production -Made some major impacts on British society, including the rise of factories, urbanization, humanitarian problems, and improvements in transportation -steam engines was one of the most important inventions of the Industrial Revolution, steam engines power the first trains, steamboats, and factories. 7 Steam engine
  8. 8. The Second Industrial Revolution (1870- 1969) -it began in the 19th century through the discovery of electricity and assembly line production. It was called Technological Revolution. -Introduction to the assembly line to the slaughterhouses in 1870 -Gave rise to steel ,chemicals,petroleum and electricity -Development of steel and oil industry -Expansion of railroads -Electricity became the primary source of powerfor factories,farms,homes -Mass production,particularly consumer of goods 8
  9. 9. The Third Industrial Revolution (1970- 1990) 9 -Beginning in the 1950s, the third industrial revolution brought semiconductors, mainframe computing, personal computing, and the Internet— the digital revolution. -use of electronics and computers yo automate manufacturing worldwide -In the world of the industries, two major inventions, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and Robots helped give rise to an era of high-level automation.
  10. 10. Industry 4.0:The Fourth Industrial Revolution Industry 4.0 signifies the promise of a new Industrial Revolution one that marries advanced production and operations techniques with smart digital technologies to create a digital enterprise that would not only be interconnected and autonomous but could communicate, analyze, and use data to drive further intelligent action back in the physical world. 10
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  12. 12. Industry 4.0 is based on six design principles Interopera bility:Cyber- physical system,human s and smart factories have the abilities to connect and communicate through the internet of things and internet of service Virtualizati on:virtual copy of the smart factoryis created by linking sensor data with virtual plant models and simulation models Decentralizati on: Cyber- Physical systems within smart factories are able to make decisions on their own Real – Time capability :provide immediate insightswit h the capability to collect &analyze data Service- Orientati on: offers services by way of the internet of things Modularity :flexible adaptation of smart factories for the changing requiremen ts of individual module 12
  13. 13. •Greater Customization Through Additive Manufacturing •Full Integration of Advanced Analytics •A Move Beyond Postmodern ERP •Widespread Incorporation of the Internet of Things •Increased Reliance Upon the Cloud •Autonomous (and Cooperative) Robots •Enhanced Cybersecurity The Key Components of Industry 4.0 13
  14. 14. Charactaristics of Industry 4.0 14 1.Vertical networking of smart production system 2.Horizontal integration via a new generation of global value networks 3.Through-engineering across the entire value chain 4.Accelaration through exponential technologies
  15. 15. Technologies used in Industry 4.0 15
  16. 16. Big data and analysis -full evaluation of available data -real-time decision making support & optimization Autonomous Robots -autonomous robots,co-operative industrial robots -numerous integrated sensors and standardized interface 16 Simulations -simulation of value network -optimization based on real-time data from intelligent systems
  17. 17. Horizontal & vertical system integratation -cross company data integration based on data transfer standerds. -precondition for a fully automated value-chain. 17 The Industrial Internet of Things -network of machines and products -multidirectional communication between networked objects. Cyber-security -operation in networks and open systems -high level of networking between intelligent machines,product,systems.
  18. 18. 18 The Cloud -management of huge data volumes in open systems -real-time communication for production systems Additive Manufacturing -3d printing,particularly for spare parts and prototypes -decentralized 3d facilities to reduce transport distances and inventory Agumented Reality -augmented reality for maintainance,logistics and all kinds of SOP -display of supporting information
  19. 19. 19 Industry 4.0:Implementation pattern in manufacturing companies
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  22. 22. 22 -High economic costs -Business model adaptation -Unclear economic benefits/exc essive investment -Privacy concerns -Surveillance and distrust -General reluctance to change by stakeholders -Threat of redundancy of the corporate IT department -Loss of many jobs to automatic processes and IT-controlled processes, especially for blue collar workers •Lack of regulation, standards and forms of certificatio ns •Unclear legal issues and data security •IT security issues, which are greatly aggravated by the inherent need to open up those previously closed production shops •Reliability and stability needed for critical machine-to-machine communication (M2M), including very short and stable latency times •Need to maintain the integrity of production processes •Need to avoid any IT snags, as those would cause expensive production outages •Need to protect industrial know-how (contained also in the control files for the industrial automation gear Economic Social Political Organizational Challenges in implementation of Industry 4.0
  23. 23. Higher Labor Productivity Industry 4.0 Outcomes 23
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  25. 25. Industry 4.0 and Bangladesh garments industry The Annual Survey of the Industries of Bangladesh reveals that the manufacturing is dominated by having 96.5% of the industrial establishments and 86% of them contain the apparel products. There are more than about 5000 garment factories, almost 4.4 million people are working. According to the US Green Building Council (USGBC), there are 67 Leadership in Eergy and Environmental Design (LEED) green factories in the RMG sector in Bangladesh. Among them, 13 is LEED Platinum rated, when more than 280 factories are registered with USGBC for LEED certification. “Garments will be the worst sufferer of Industry 4.0 revolution as there is a possibility of 27 lakh or 60 percent of jobs being lost,” said Anir Chowdhury, Policy Adviser of the a2i project. There are very few applications or applications of automation in important manufacturing industries related to RMG. Therefore, the existence of industrial 4.0 and its establishment level has not yet been proved in Bangladesh. Some themes have been allocated in relation to the issues related to the implementation of the industries in Bangladesh. The themes are shown in the table based on the results of the interview. Lack of govern ment support Lack of knowled ge Poor Infrastru cture Availabil ity of cheaper labor Expensi ve installati on of technolo gy 9/10 7/10 10/10 10/10 10/10 25
  26. 26. Not only this issue but a sudden change in the new industrial revolution can also hit hard in many terms as in different areas. For applying new revolution steps by steps footprint is necessary or it only creates chaos. Bangladesh still couldn’t fully absorb the third industrial revolution 26
  27. 27. Benefits of Industry 4.0 27
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  29. 29. Industrial revolutions and future view INDUSTRY 5.0 is future, but already penetrating trend, of change processes directing towards closer cooperation between man and machine, and systematic prevention of waste and wasting including INDUSTRIAL UPCYCLING. INDUSTRY 5.0 priority is to utilize efficiently workforce of machines and people, in synergy environment. It goes back from virtuál environment to real one. 29
  30. 30. 30 Industry 4.0 valuate best quantity and mass production, Industry 5.0 valuate the standard,creativity and high Quality custom made products.
  31. 31. Thank You 31