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Google Project Loon abstract

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Google Project Loon abstract

  1. 1. GOOGLE LOON- Internet for Everyone Seminar Abstract submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor in Technology In Computer Science and Engineering By RAHUL DAS ( 09215002712 ) To Maharaja Surajmal Institute of Technology Affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Janakpuri, New Delhi-58
  2. 2. GOOGLE LOON INTRODUCTION Project Loon is a research and development projects being developed by Google with the mission of providing internet access to rural and remote areas. The projects uses high altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere at to create an aerial wireless network with up to 3G-like speeds. The balloons are manoeuvred by adjusting their altitude to float to a wind layer after identifying the wind layer with the desired speed and direction using wind data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Users of the service connect to the balloon network using a special Internet antenna attached to their building. The signal travels through the balloon network from balloon to balloon, then to a ground-based station connected to an Internet service provider (ISP), then onto the global. THE TECHNOLOGY  Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere, twice as high as airplanes.  They are carried around the Earth by winds and they can be steered by rising or descending to an altitude with winds moving in the desired direction.  The set-up uses software algorithms to determine where its balloons need to go, then moves each one into a layer of wind blowing in the right direction.  People connect to the balloon network using a special Internet antenna attached to their building.  Solar panels about the size of a card table that are just below the free-flying balloons generate enough electricity to power the transmitter for a day and beam down the Internet signal to ground stations. The technology designed in the projects could allow countries to avoid using expensive fibre cable that would have to be installed underground to allow users to connect to the Internet.
  3. 3. HISTORY • In 2008, Google considered contracting Space Data Corp, but didn't do so. • In 2011, the unofficial development of the project began under Google X Labs. • On 14 June 2013, Google announced this as an official project. • On 16 June 2013, a pilot experiment happened in New Zealand and about 30 balloons were launched. APPLICATIONS  It can improve communication during any disaster to affected regions.  It will be available at all places, even in Sahara Desert  It can improve Internet usage in developing countries in region such as Africa and Southeast Asia that can’t afford underground fiber cable for providing internet connectivity.  It is fast, efficient and more reliable than wired broadband connection ADVANTAGES  Easy to use.  Speed.  Increasing Internet usage. DISADVANTAGES  Cost.  Maintenance.  Balloon can work for few weeks only. LATEST TRENDS  Sri Lanka will become the first country in the world to have universal Internet coverage. Sri Lanka’s officials signed an agreement with Google to launch the helium-filled, high-tech balloons over the country. Google plans to begin releasing the by March 16.
  4. 4.  Google is gearing up to test 20 high-altitude balloons in north-east Australia. Telstra, Australia’s largest telecommunications company will support the next phase of the project’s development by supplying base stations to enable communication with the helium-filled balloons and access to the radio spectrum. Engineers hoping for a successful test of technology capable of beaming 4G-like signals to receivers on the ground. CONCLUSION In this century, Google's new invention Project Loon provides a very valuable help to poor people by accessing the internet facility. With this, almost all people may get the ability to know the world of internet and utilize this facility to overcome the barriers. Project Loon is still in its development stage. If this is successful, this technology can replace the currently existing fibre cable network. BIBLOGRAPHY    