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  1. 1. YES, I CAN LEARN & SPEAK ENGLISHEnergise Involve Enable
  3. 3. WRITE A JOURNAL• Writing every day lets you see your grammar clearly in front of you, express your ideas, and use a non-oral method in communicate in English. Then read the corrected version out loud.• It is a good idea to re-copy the corrected journal too, so that you will have the experience of writing your ideas down in proper English.Energise Involve Enable
  4. 4. READ A BOOK• By Reading A Story, You Create A Picture In Your Imagination That Will Connected Different Parts Of Your Brain To English. Find A Book That Is Not Too Difficult.• Do Not Stop Every Time You Find A New Word.• Guess What The Word Probably Means, Continue Reading, And Check In Your Dictionary At The End Of The Page Or Chapter.Energise Involve Enable
  5. 5. Re-write your class notes every day.• Writing your notes a second time will allow you to remember more strongly what you study.• It will also make your notebook neater, making it easier to study.Energise Involve Enable
  6. 6. WATCH TV AND MOVIES, AND LISTEN TO THE RADIO.• Even if you don’t understand everything, you will still be learning.• It is possible to understand the content even if you know only 30% of the words that you hear!• Your listening ability will improve day by day-and it’s fun!Energise Involve Enable
  7. 7. KEEP A VOCABULARY NOTEBOOK IN A SEPARATE NOTEBOOK FROM YOUR CLASS NOTES• Take an active approach to learning new vocabulary.• If you find 5 words a day, 6 days a week, you will learn about 140 new words a month; 10 words a day would bring you over than 280 new words a month.• Hint – approach new words by subject: things connected to your hobies, to your interests etc.• Do it this way:• Think of a word you know in your language.• Look it up in your dictionary.• When you find the English word, write it down on the left side of your vocabulary note book.• In the midle of the page, write down if the word is a noun (n), verb (v), adjective (adj), etc. so that you will know how to use the word.• Look the word up in an English-English dictionary.• Write the English definition on the right side of the the page (or on the next page).• Copy a sentence from the dictionary. This will help you learn how to use the word correctly.• Practice reading this sentence untll it becomes natural for you.Energise Involve Enable
  8. 8. SPEAK LOTS OF ENGLISH WITH YOUR FRINDS• You improve your spoken English by speaking English in different situations with people of all nationalities.• If you want to speak English better in the future, speak it as much as possible now!Energise Involve Enable
  9. 9. THINK POSITIVELY• People who say “I can’t speak English well” are corrected.• People who say “Every day in every way, my English is getting better and better” are also correct.• What you think is what you get.• Practice saying the second sentence every day, and you will see greater improvement in your English and in your confidence.• Remember: the more fun you have with English,the easier it will be to learn ENJOYEnergise Involve Enable
  10. 10. English Grammar In Easy WayEnergise Involve Enable
  11. 11. Preview • Interjections • Determiners• Definitions • Subordinators• Nouns • Interrogatives• Pronouns • Qualifiers• Verbs • Sentence combinations• Adjectives • Yes/no questions• Adverbs • Information questions• Prepositions • Punctuation rules• Conjunctions • Capitalization rulesEnergise Involve Enable
  12. 12. Grammar• DEFINITION The grammar of a language is a complex of systems that may be analyzed and studied on these three levels: (Noam Chomsky’s UG)1. Phonology (set of sounds/ symbols)2. Morphology (combinations of sounds that carry single units of meaning)3. Syntax (how single units of meaning are combined to form words, phrases and sentences.Energise Involve Enable
  13. 13. Parts of speech (Nouns)• Nouns1. Definition2. Proper / common3. Singular / plural (annex)4. Count / non-count /abstract (annex) (how much – how many)5. Collectible (group nouns)6. Units of measurement (Reference: Schramper Azar, Betty,1996. Basic English Grammar) Energise Involve Enable
  14. 14. Definition (proper and common nouns)• Nouns – words used to name a person, place, thing, object, A person quality, idea, concept, or an Carlos action. a country a place Puerto Rico Ryder Ref. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2001) Hospital• Proper Nouns- special or particular name given to common Proper nouns to distinguish them from a pet Nouns a day others of the same kind. Puppy Monday Example: common- woman a monument many proper Martha The Statue of others LibertyEnergise Involve Enable
  15. 15. Proper and common nouns COMMON PROPER COMMON PROPERday Saturday associations Members Clubmonth October movies Titanicmountain El Yunque planets Neptuneriver The Amazon city San Juanocean Pacific Ocean historical periods Middle Agesbook Applied language Spanish Linguisticnewspaper New York Times nationality Puerto Ricanreligion Catholic School course English 101brand of product Cadillac institutions University of Puerto RicoEnergise Involve Enable
  16. 16. Nouns (singular and plural)• Rule No. 1 (Add –s to the end of noun) cup cups student students• Rule No.2 consonants before “y” change –y to i and add –es city -cities party- parties lady-ladies• Rule No.3 vowels before “y” add –s boy –boys key –keys day -daysEnergise Involve Enable
  17. 17. Singular and plural (cont.)• Rule No. 4 (–f and –fe endings) change the –f or –fe to v and –es life –lives wife –wives thief –thieves• Rule No. 5 (sh, ch, x, ss endings) add –es bush –bushes match –matches box -boxes kiss -kisses• Rule No. 6 (consonant + o) add –es (vowel +o) –s tomato –tomatoes radio radios Energise Involve Enable
  18. 18. PRACTICE EXERCISES USE THE PLURAL FORM TO FILL IN THE BLANKS. (PROVIDED LIST)Baby • They have one girl and two ______.Boy • I visited many _______ last year.City • Women give birth to _______.Country • She lost the _____ of the car and the house!Lady • _____ rides horses in Texas.Party • Madrid and Paris are beautiful _______.Tray • We must bring ______ to the English class.Key • Good evening _____ and gentleman.Dictionary • On Saturday nights, I like to go to _______.cowboy • People carry their food on _____ at the cafeteria.Energise Involve Enable
  19. 19. Pronunciation of plurals (s /• es) Group A Final –s is pronounced /z/ after voiced sounds (taxicabs, beds, dogs, balls, years, days, boys, trees, etc.)• Group B Final –s is pronounced /s/ after voiceless sounds (books, cups, groups, cats, students, desks, etc.)• Group C Final –s, es is pronounced /ez/ after “s” sounds (classes, horses, boxes, faces) after “z” sounds (sizes, roses, noises) after “sh” sounds (dishes, bushes) after “ch” sounds (matches, sandwiches) after “ge/dge” sounds (pages, ages, bridges, edges)Energise Involve Enable
  20. 20. Irregular plural forms (exceptions)• Child children• Foot feet• Man men• Woman women• Mouse mice• Tooth teeth• Fish fish• _____ people (is always plural) (no s)Energise Involve Enable
  21. 21. Count and noncount. nouns• Count nouns • Common non-count nounsa book books advice, furniture, love, peace,one book two books homework, luck information, food, some books mail, music, traffic, weather, work, a lot of books bread, cheese, coffee, rice, sand, many books meat, milk, water, sugar, money, oil, a few books liquids materials (paper)• Non-count nouns abstracts general money some money food a lot of money gases much money a little money Energise Involve Enable
  22. 22. ORAL PRACTICE (COUNT VS. NON-COUNT) Chair Traffic Music Work Furniture Cars Coffee Water Coin Fact Library Jewelry Money Information Peace Rings Letters Homework Advice Justice mail assignment job sugarEnergise Involve Enable
  23. 23. Pronouns• Definition• Personal pronouns (subject- object)• Possessive adjectives• Possessive pronouns• Reflexive• Indefinite• Interrogative• Demonstrative• Relative• reciprocalEnergise Involve Enable
  24. 24. Verbs (verb tenses• Definition /conjugation)• Regular• Irregular verbs• Spelling / pronunciation• Conjugation (annex-practice)• Auxiliary verbs/ modals (annex)• Infinitives• GerundsEnergise Involve Enable
  25. 25. Verbs Regular/ Irregular/ verb tenses Regular verbs (d or ed endings) /d/ sound pronunciation /t/ sound pronunciation /ed/ pronunciationEnergise Involve Enable
  26. 26. Irregular verbs• Three forms• Two forms• One formEnergise Involve Enable
  27. 27. Verb conjugation• Simple present tense I Work You Work He, she, it Works We Work You Work they workEnergise Involve Enable
  28. 28. Verb tenses• Simple past I Worked You Worked He, she, it Worked We Worked You Worked they WorkedEnergise Involve Enable
  29. 29. Verb tenses• Simple future I will work• Another way to express the simple future You will work He, she, it will workI am going to work tomorrow.She is going to work next We will work week.They are going to work on You will work Sunday. they will workEnergise Involve Enable
  30. 30. Present progressiveI am working right now.You are working.He, she, it is working.We are working.You are working.They are working.Energise Involve Enable
  31. 31. Past progressive (continuous)I was working last night.You were working yesterday.He, she, it was working last summer.We were working a few hours ago.You were working last week.They were working last Monday.Energise Involve Enable
  32. 32. Future progressive (continuous)I will be working tomorrow.You will be working this afternoon.He, she, it will be working next weekend.We will be working tonight.You will be working next summer.They will be working next semester.Energise Involve Enable
  33. 33. Adjectives• Definition• Articles as adjectives• Order of adjectives in a series (color, size, origin, nationalities, shape, age, etc..)• Past participles / gerunds used as adjectives• Comparatives and superlatives comparisons (annex-practice)Energise Involve Enable
  34. 34. Adverbs• Definition• Adverbs of frequency (annex)• Adverbs of time• Adverbs of location (place)• Adverbs of modeEnergise Involve Enable
  35. 35. Prepositions• Definition• IN, ON and AT (annex –time and location)• All prepositions• Transitional expressions (prep. Phrases-annex)Energise Involve Enable
  36. 36. Conjunctions• Definition• Correlative conjunctions• Coordinating conjunctions• Subordinate conjunctions• Conjunctive adverbs• Other subordinators (annex)Energise Involve Enable
  37. 37. Interjections and other words• Definition and examples• Onomatopoeias• Numerals (cardinals, ordinals)• Determiners• Qualifiers• Subordinators• interrogativesEnergise Involve Enable
  38. 38. Capitalization Rules (annex) Punctuation Rules (annex) Sentence Combinations YES/NO questions Information questionsEnergise Involve Enable
  39. 39. • THANK YOU AND KEEP GOINGEnergise Involve Enable