3. WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY ?
• Criminology derives from the Latin word “crimen” means crime and the Greek
word “logos” doctrine, science or study.
• Criminology is the interdisciplinary field in behavioural sciences, which primarily
based upon the research of sociologist and psychologist.
• Criminology can be defined as the study of human behaviour in different social and
psychological aspects which can violates law or against the society
• In simple words, criminology can be study of crime and criminal behaviour.
• Father of criminology - Cesare Lombroso
• The term criminology was coined in 1885 by Italian law professor Raffaele
Garofalo as Criminologia.
• Later, the French anthropologist Paul Topinard used the analogous term
• Objective : Criminology allows to study the nature of crime and criminal
behaviour, so it provide the behavioural patterns of criminal on the basis of
it we would be able to control and prevent the crime and also we treat the
5. OBJECTIVE OF CRIMINOLOGY
• Criminology allows to study the nature of crime and criminal behaviour,
so it provide the behavioural patterns of criminal on the basis of it we
would be able to control and prevent the crime and also we treat the
8. Nature & Scope of criminology
To provide valuable information regarding the criminal and his behaviour.
Allows to study different factors of crime.
It also allows to research on policy within criminal justice system.
Teachers also train the professionals for such role in control of crime and
criminal justice system.
Criminal psycho– neuro pathology: This branch of criminology attributes criminality to
functional deviation and mental conflicts in the personality of offender. The factors such as
inferiority complex, frustration, depression, anxiety etc. may lead a person to commit crime.
Sociology: It is based on Sutherlands theory of differential association. Sutherland’s theory
explains criminal behaviour as a process of learning through association with other
Psychology: It seeks to co-relate criminality to emotional aspect of human nature.
Criminal Anthropology: It seeks to understand the personality of the offenders in physical
terms. Cesare Lombroso emphasised that criminal were different physically from normal