Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Se está descargando tu SlideShare. ×

pptmahatmagandhi-111206094559-phpapp02.pdf

Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Próximo SlideShare
Mahatma gandi
Mahatma gandi
Cargando en…3
×

Eche un vistazo a continuación

1 de 28 Anuncio

Más Contenido Relacionado

Anuncio

Más reciente (20)

pptmahatmagandhi-111206094559-phpapp02.pdf

  1. 1. Mohandas Gandhi was born in the state Mohandas Gandhi was born in the state of Gujarat, India in 1869. of Gujarat, India in 1869.
  2. 2. At the age of At the age of thirteen Mohandas thirteen Mohandas was married to was married to Kasturba. Kasturba. The marriage had The marriage had been arranged for him been arranged for him by his family. by his family. They had four sons. They had four sons.
  3. 3. When he was 18 Gandhi came to London When he was 18 Gandhi came to London to train as a barrister. to train as a barrister. He tried behaving like an Englishman He tried behaving like an Englishman and took up ballroom dancing. We know and took up ballroom dancing. We know that he took a dislike to his landlady’s that he took a dislike to his landlady’s boiled cabbage! boiled cabbage! In these days he got ‘stage fright’ when In these days he got ‘stage fright’ when speaking in court. speaking in court.
  4. 4. He returned to He returned to India in 1891, then India in 1891, then accepted a job at accepted a job at an Indian law firm an Indian law firm in South Africa. in South Africa.
  5. 5. His experience of racism in South Africa His experience of racism in South Africa proved to be a turning point in his life. proved to be a turning point in his life. He was refused admission to hotels, beaten up He was refused admission to hotels, beaten up when he refused to give up his seat to a white when he refused to give up his seat to a white man on a stage coach ….. man on a stage coach ….. … …and thrown off a train when he refused to and thrown off a train when he refused to move to a third class compartment, after he move to a third class compartment, after he had paid for a first class ticket. had paid for a first class ticket.
  6. 6. When he was about to When he was about to return to India, he heard return to India, he heard that a law was going that a law was going to be passed to prevent to be passed to prevent Indian people from voting. Indian people from voting. He decided to draw attention to this He decided to draw attention to this injustice and became an activist. injustice and became an activist.
  7. 7. However, Gandhi said: However, Gandhi said: ‘ ‘There are many causes that I am There are many causes that I am prepared to die for, but no causes that prepared to die for, but no causes that I am prepared to kill for.’ I am prepared to kill for.’ He developed a new non-violent way to He developed a new non-violent way to make things right, by getting lots of make things right, by getting lots of people to disobey unfair laws, and to be people to disobey unfair laws, and to be unco-operative with rulers who were unco-operative with rulers who were treating them badly. treating them badly.
  8. 8. Over the next seven years Gandhi led a Over the next seven years Gandhi led a non-violent campaign of resistance to non-violent campaign of resistance to laws which were unfair to ‘coloured’ laws which were unfair to ‘coloured’ people. people. During this time thousands of Indians, During this time thousands of Indians, including Gandhi, were flogged or jailed, including Gandhi, were flogged or jailed, and many were shot for striking or and many were shot for striking or burning their registration cards. burning their registration cards.
  9. 9. Eventually the government was forced Eventually the government was forced to seek a compromise with Gandhi, and to seek a compromise with Gandhi, and when he left South Africa, conditions when he left South Africa, conditions for Indian people had greatly improved. for Indian people had greatly improved.
  10. 10. He spun his own yarn and made his own He spun his own yarn and made his own cloth. He encouraged others to do the cloth. He encouraged others to do the same, instead of buying imported British same, instead of buying imported British material. material.
  11. 11. At this time Indian villagers were poorly At this time Indian villagers were poorly paid, and many were dying of famine. paid, and many were dying of famine. In 1918 Gandhi began a campaign to get In 1918 Gandhi began a campaign to get them to stand up for themselves against them to stand up for themselves against the British who were ruling India. the British who were ruling India.
  12. 12. It was at this time that It was at this time that Gandhi became known as Gandhi became known as Mahatma, Mahatma, which means ‘Great Soul’. which means ‘Great Soul’.
  13. 13. The British became The British became worried about worried about keeping control. keeping control. Soldiers were Soldiers were ordered to prevent ordered to prevent people from people from gathering together gathering together for meetings. for meetings.
  14. 14. Nevertheless, in 1919 ten thousand unarmed Nevertheless, in 1919 ten thousand unarmed people attended a protest meeting in people attended a protest meeting in Amritsar. Amritsar. Without warning, British soldiers fired on Without warning, British soldiers fired on the crowd, killing nearly 400 people, and the crowd, killing nearly 400 people, and wounding over one thousand. wounding over one thousand. People were very shocked by this atrocity, People were very shocked by this atrocity, and many more joined Gandhi’s campaign.
  15. 15. Meanwhile the Meanwhile the British rulers British rulers continued to collect continued to collect heavy taxes from the heavy taxes from the people, which kept people, which kept them in poverty. them in poverty.
  16. 16. In 1930 Gandhi led a 248 mile march to In 1930 Gandhi led a 248 mile march to the sea, as a protest against a tax on salt. the sea, as a protest against a tax on salt. Thousands joined him in making salt of Thousands joined him in making salt of their own. their own. Over 60,000 Over 60,000 people were people were arrested. arrested.
  17. 17. However, the British government was However, the British government was forced to negotiate with Gandhi, and forced to negotiate with Gandhi, and they agreed to release political they agreed to release political prisoners if he stopped his campaign of prisoners if he stopped his campaign of non-co-operation. non-co-operation.
  18. 18. In 1933 Gandhi went In 1933 Gandhi went on a fast for 21 days on a fast for 21 days to draw attention to to draw attention to the treatment of the treatment of the very poorest the very poorest people in India, who people in India, who he called ‘The he called ‘The Children of God’. Children of God’.
  19. 19. By 1947 Gandhi’s campaign had weakened By 1947 Gandhi’s campaign had weakened the British government’s hold on the the British government’s hold on the country, but with independence looming, country, but with independence looming, killings and riots raged between Hindus killings and riots raged between Hindus and Muslims who hoped to take control of and Muslims who hoped to take control of the new Indian government. the new Indian government.
  20. 20. During the second World War, Gandhi and his followers made it clear that they wouldn’t support Britain unless India was granted independence. In 1942 Gandhi was arrested by the British, and imprisoned for two years.
  21. 21. It was decided to divide India into two It was decided to divide India into two separate countries - India and Pakistan. separate countries - India and Pakistan. Gandhi was strongly opposed to this Gandhi was strongly opposed to this idea, but was forced to agree because idea, but was forced to agree because of the threat of civil war. of the threat of civil war.
  22. 22. The violence continued. The violence continued. Gandhi's appeals for calm Gandhi's appeals for calm were ignored, so he were ignored, so he began another fast. began another fast. Only when the Hindu, Sikh and Muslim Only when the Hindu, Sikh and Muslim leaders promised to renounce violence leaders promised to renounce violence
  23. 23. A few days later, on January 30 A few days later, on January 30th th 1948 1948 Gandhi was shot by a Hindu fanatic on his Gandhi was shot by a Hindu fanatic on his way to a prayer meeting in Delhi.. way to a prayer meeting in Delhi..
  24. 24. His ashes were dipped in all the major His ashes were dipped in all the major rivers of the world before being rivers of the world before being enshrined in the Mahatma Gandhi World enshrined in the Mahatma Gandhi World Peace Memorial. Peace Memorial.
  25. 25. In India Gandhi is often called ‘The In India Gandhi is often called ‘The Father of the Nation.’ Father of the Nation.’ Gandhi’s birthday, Gandhi’s birthday, October 2 October 2nd nd , is a , is a public holiday in India. public holiday in India.
  26. 26. ‘ ‘Be the Change you Be the Change you want to see in the want to see in the World!’ World!’ -Mahatma Gandhi -Mahatma Gandhi

×