Más contenido relacionado

A Case Study of Volkswagen Unethical Practice in Diesel Emission Test.pptx

  1. A Case Study of Volkswagen Unethical Practice in Diesel Emission Test
  2. Volkswagen Profile Type Brand Industry Automotive Founded 28 May 1937; 86 years ago Founder German Labour Front Headquarters Wolfsburg,Germany Area served Worldwide Key people Ralf Brandstaetter (CEO, Volkswagen) Thomas Schäfer (CEO, Volkswagen Passenger Cars) Revenue 279,232,000,000 euro (2022) Operating income 22,124,000,000 euro (2022) Net income 15,836,000,000 euro (2022) Parent Volkswagen Group Website volkswagen.com Cogeneration plant Logo since 2019
  3. • 1933 – 39 Adolf Hitler approves Ferdinand Porsche’s design for the “people’s car,” or volkswagen. A town called Stadt des KdF-Wagens, now Wolfsburg, is established for factory workers in 1938. Full-scale production is planned for September 1939, but war intervenes. • 1939 – 45 During World War II, the Volkswagen plant is primarily used to produce military vehicles, including the SUV-like Kübelwagen and the amphibious Schwimmwagen. By 1943, more than 12,000 prisoners of war are working at the factory, most of them repairing aircraft and building V1 rockets to bomb Britain. • 1945 – 47 Stadt des KdF-Wagens is bombed, captured by U.S. forces in 1945, and then handed over to the British. Major Ivan Hirst paints a Volkswagen green and shows it to British officials. They order 20,000. American, British, and French motor companies decline to take over the plant. TimeLine
  4. TimeLine • 1948 Volkswagen, reorganized as a trust under West German control, introduces the Volkswagen Type 2 van, pickup, and camper, and the Karmann Ghia sports car. • 1949 The Volkswagen Type 1 Beetle is exhibited and sold in the United States for the first time. Only two units sell that year, but sales soon pick up. • 1955 Volkswagen Group of America is formed to standardize service and sales in the United States. Production of the Type 1 Beetle increases drastically, reaching 1 million units. • 1959 Sales soar as the witty “Think Small” ad campaign by Doyle Dane Bernbach lures sophisticated (and younger) consumers.
  5. TimeLine • 1968 Disney releases the first Love Bug film about Herbie, a VW Beetle with a mind of its own. • 1969 Volkswagen merges two previous purchases — Auto Union, owner of the discontinued Audi brand, and NSU Motorenwerke — to create the modern-day Audi, the company’s luxury brand. • 1972 On February 17, the 15,007,034th Type 1 Beetle is made, surpassing the Ford Model T as the most produced single model in history. • 1978 Volkswagen opens its first U.S. factory in New Stanton, Pennsylvania, for North American production of the Rabbit, a hot seller known as the Golf in Europe.
  6. TimeLine • 1993 The Golf Mk3 and the Jetta arrive in North America, but fewer than 50,000 VWs are sold here, a record low. • 1998 The Volkswagen New Beetle and the fourth-generation Jetta (along with the 1996 incarnation of the Passat) boost sales significantly in North America. The Volkswagen Group acquires Bentley, Bugatti, and Lamborghini. • 2002 Volkswagen announces the Phaeton line, a play for the luxury market, and the Touareg, the company’s first modern sport-utility vehicle.
  7. TimeLine • 2003 On July 30, the final Type 1 Beetle rolls off the production line in Puebla, Mexico. Car No. 21,529,464 is immediately shipped to the Volkswagen museum in Wolfsburg. • 2008 In July, VW announces plans for a $1 billion assembly plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee. It will make cars designed for North America, including a midsize sedan to compete with the Honda Accord and Toyota Camry. On October 26, Porsche, which had been buying up VW stock, reveals a plan to assume control of VW. • 2009 Volkswagen and Porsche announce a merger on May 6. In October, VW announces it will take a 49.9% stake in Porsche for $5.75 billion. And in December, VW takes a 19.9% stake in Suzuki, a deal valued at $2.5 billion.
  8. Volkswagen emissions scandal A 2010 Volkswagen Golf TDI with defeat device displaying "Clean Diesel" at the Detroit Auto Show
  9. Volkswagen emissions scandal The Volkswagen emissions scandal, sometimes known as Dieselgate or Emissionsgate, began in September 2015, when the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to German automaker Volkswagen Group. The agency had found that Volkswagen had intentionally programmed turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engines to activate their emissions controls only during laboratory emissions testing, which caused the vehicles' NOx output to meet US standards during regulatory testing. However, the vehicles emitted up to 40 times more NOx in real-world driving. Volkswagen deployed this software in about 11 million cars worldwide, including 500,000 in the United States, in model years 2009 through 2015
  10. Participants in Volkswagen Emission Test Scandal A managerial group consists of nine (9) managers from supervisory board, quality control and assurance, engine designers, plant managers, and managers of sub-companies such as Porsche and Audi.
  11. Fraud and Deception Making a series of deceptive claims about the environmental impact of the company's "clean diesel" fleet. Falsifying the results of emission test.
  12. Effect on their Stock Price
  13. Volkswagen consequences • Diesel Emissions Settlement Program • Emissions Modification Process • Approved Emissions Modification and Warranty Disclosures • Paid $25 billion in fines for their legal responsibility in numerous nations.
  14. Health consequences • Deaths A peer-reviewed study published in Environmental Research Letters estimated that approximately 59 premature deaths will be caused by the excess pollution produced between 2008 and 2015 by vehicles equipped with the defeat device in the United States. • Non-fatal health impacts Asthma, Bronchitis and Emphysema. Nitrogen oxides amplify the effect of fine particulate matter soot which causes heart problems, a form of air pollution estimated to kill 50,000 in the United States annually.
  15. Environmental consequences • Acid Rain NOx also contribute to acid rain, and visibly brown clouds or smog due to both the visible nature of NO2, and the ground level ozone created by NO. NO and NO2 are not greenhouse gases, whereas N2O is. NO2 is a precursor to ground-level ozone.
  16. Conclusion Volkswagen deceptive scandal is an overwhelming complicated case having created dramatic hassles for its direct and indirect stakeholders. Albeit Volkswagen cheating in diesel emission test was an unethical action resulting in series of disastrous consequences, the proposal of green punishment is a suitable solution to finalize this case. Electronic cars enable environment protection agencies to save cost and time for finding out new systems for controlling emission tests. Moreover, in this way, Volkswagen is not only penalized but also compensates its scandal appropriately. In conclusion, since this is an ongoing case, there is a chance to lodge the proposal of green punishment to judge to solve the issue in a win-win method.
  17. reference • https://www.fastcompany.com/1512941/history-volkswagen • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkswagen#:~:text=Founded%20in%20 1937%20by%20the,sales%20in%202016%20and%202017. • https://www.fastcompany.com/1512941/history-Volkswagen. • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volkswagen_emissions_scandal#Legal_ and_financial_repercussions • https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303797234_A_Case_Study _of_Volkswagen_Unethical_Practice_in_Diesel_Emission_Test