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Urban Farming Technology

Reasonable Supplements to Traditional Farming

Touches on why traditional farming alone will not sustain us in the future and what some solutions are - such as hydroponics, vertical farming, and aquaponics.

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Urban Farming Technology

  1. 1. 
  2. 2.  Food Loss
  3. 3.  Food Waste
  4. 4.  Food Shortage Hungry Venezuelans sleep in endless grocery lines as food shortage crisis worsens January 22, 2015 by: J. D. Heyes
  5. 5.  Population Growth By the year 2050, 80% of the world population will be living in city and urban communities. In 1990, less than 40% of the world’s population lived in a city.
  6. 6.  Limited Arable Land
  7. 7.  Solutions? • Hydroponics • Vertical Farming • Aquaponics
  8. 8.  Hydroponics Hydro = water Ponos = labor “Working Water”
  9. 9. Hydroponics at Home
  10. 10. Modern Hydroponics Hyundai’s Nano Garden • Light, water, and nutrient supply controllable so users decide growth speed. • Functions as an air purifier, eliminating unpleasant smells Kitchen Cultivator Hydroponics built into kitchen island on wheels
  11. 11. Rotary Hydroponics The Green Wheel developed by NASA Manage the amount of light, control the temperature, and check the water level with a smart phone! Rotary Volksgarden • designed to hold 3" root medium • accommodates space for up to 80 plants. • chain driven and rotates a constant 24 hours a day • watering and light timers • cost is $2595
  12. 12. Hydroponics Technology Hydroponic Accessories: • Testers for pH, PPM, EC, • Meters for temperature and humidity • Meter calibrators • Lighting system • Nutrients - Grow formula, Bloom formula, Supplements, Ph • Pumps, air stones
  13. 13. Rooftop Hydroponics Gotham Greens Rooftop Farm located in Brooklyn, New York • 15k square feet • 100 tons of produce in the first year • $2 million dollar start-up • Yields 20% more than traditional farming
  14. 14. Rooftop Hydroponics
  15. 15.  Vertical Farming • The practice of growing in a vertical direction • Usually without soil (hydroponically) • Usually in urban areas, and sometimes as high as skyscrapers • May include livestock
  16. 16. Vertical Gardens
  17. 17. Vertical Farms Vertical Harvest Jackson Hole, Wyoming Opening early 2016 • Three-story, 13,500 square-foot hydroponic green house (150’ x 30’) • Should produce over 37,000 pounds of greens, 4,400 pounds of herbs, and 44,000 pounds of tomatoes • 95% of future crops already sold to local restaurants, grocery stores, and a hospital • Employs citizens with disabilities
  18. 18. Vertical Farms Vertical Harvest Jackson Hole, Wyoming Opening early 2016 • Three-story, 13,500 square-foot hydroponic green house (150’ x 30’) • Should produce over 37,000 pounds of greens, 4,400 pounds of herbs, and 44,000 pounds of tomatoes • 95% of future crops already sold to local restaurants, grocery stores, and a hospital • Employs citizens with disabilities,
  19. 19. Vertical Farms Sky Greens Vertical Farm Singapore • World’s first low carbon, hydraulic driven vertical farm • Uses minimal land, water and energy resources • 10x more productive than conventional farming • Only $360/month ($3/tower) on electricity • 3 stories tall, 120 aluminum towers • Able to produce 1 ton of fresh veggies every other day
  20. 20. The Future of Vertical Farms Floating Farms F.R.A. (Floating Response Architecture) Proposal for Singapore By JAPA Design Firm • Loop shape enables the vertical structure to receive more sunlight without having significant shadows • System will aim for zero food waste by using a data management system to track of how much food people are buying, so the farm can automatically adjust production
  21. 21. The Future of Vertical Farms • 132 Stories of urban farming with room for cattle, poultry, and 28 different types of crops • Utopian superstructure of offices, research labs, housing, and communal areas, orchards, farms, and production rooms • Dragonfly has steel and glass set of wings so as to maintain proper soil nutrient levels and reuse of bio-waste Dragonfly designed by Belgian architect Vincent Callebaut Proposed for New York City
  22. 22. The Future of Vertical Farms • 132 Stories of urban farming with room for cattle, poultry, and 28 different types of crops • utopian superstructure of offices, research labs, housing, and communal areas, orchards, farms, and production rooms • Dragonfly has steel and glass set of wings so as to maintain proper soil nutrient levels and reuse of bio-waste Dragonfly– designed by Belgian architect Vincent Callebaut Proposed for New York City
  23. 23. Aquaponics • System of aquaculture in which the waste produced by farmed fish supplies nutrients for plants grown hydroponically, which in turn purify the water. • Aztec Indians grew vegetables on floating rafts around 1000 A.D. • Gaining more use, research, and development in the past 35 years
  24. 24.  Aquaponics Generally, a well-managed system with a 300 gallon fish tank will produce: • 10 pounds of vegetables per every square foot of grow space • 50 to 80 pounds of fish per year
  25. 25. Aquaponics at Home
  26. 26. Aquaponics at Home
  27. 27. Larger Aquaponics Systems Shipping crate that has been modified to be an aquaponics garden; the crate houses the fish, the fish provide nutrients that feed the plants above. Visualization of Maa-Bara's sustainable aquaponics technology
  28. 28. Commercial Aquaponics FarmedHere – Chicago, Illinois • 90,000 square feet of a formerly abandoned suburban Chicago warehouse, actually equals 140,000 square feet of growing space. • Energy-efficient compact-fluorescent lights; even though the lights run continuously, they only account for 18% of the facility's overall costs. • Aquaponic growing technologies save up to 97% of fresh water. • Produces organic food an average of two- to three-times faster than traditional farming methods.
  29. 29.  Commercial Aquaponics The Plant – Chicago, Illinois • 93,000 square foot building • Dedicated to developing circular economies of food production, energy conservation and material re-use • Vertical urban farm that combines aquaponics with kombucha tea production, beer brewing, biogas energy, and a kitchen that serves up the end result with net-zero waste • Diverts 10,000 tons of waste per year
  30. 30. Vertical Farming Hydro- ponics Aqua- ponics • Preserve the Environment • Reduce the Carbon Footprint • Year-round Higher Yield Crops • No Weeding and Waist- High Harvesting • No GMOs, pesticides, or herbicides • Reduce Food Waste • Use 95% Less Water • Grow in any Environment • No Agricultural Runoff/Toxic Fertilizers
  31. 31. “The questions arises, can we supply enough food for everybody on the planet, including a growing urban population? and I think we can. And I think we can do it by empowering people in the cities to grow food right there,” – Dickson Despommier, Columbia University. “Modern agriculture is the largest consumer of land on the planet, it’s the largest consumer of fresh water on the planet, about 60% of the world’s fresh water withdrawal goes toward conventional agriculture; it’s the source of the world’s most water pollution, it is responsible for about 15%of the global greenhouse emissions.” Viraj Puri CEO and Co-founder of Gotham Greens

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