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Engaging the Disengaged:
Practical Strategies from a
Positive Psychology Perspective
Marianne LoPresti, C. Psych. Assoc.
P...
Definition
• Resiliency is the ability to spring back from
and successfully adapt to adversity.
• One fifteen year old def...
Resiliency
• Research indicates that most people can
bounce back from crisis, stress and
trauma and experience life succes...
Features of Optimistic versus
Negative Thinkers
• Focus on solutions rather
problems (when change
is possible)
• Use accep...
Features of Positive Thinkers
Cont’d
• Have more and stronger social support
• Have better immune functions
• Take better ...
Features of Optimistic Thinkers
Cont’d
• Move out of their comfort zone
• Learn from failure and find meaning in
setback.
...
Rules Of Engagement
• Student’s remain in
school when the
environment is
supportive, inclusive, and
engaging. (B. Ferguson...
Rules of Engagement
• The BEST predictors of successful change
in students (Miller and Duncan 1997
analysis of research on...
Virtues and Character Strengths
1. Wisdom and Knowledge
• creativity
• curiosity
• open-mindedness
• love of learning
• pe...
Virtues and Character Strengths
2. Courage
• authenticity
• bravery
• persistence
• zest
3. Humanity
• kindness
• love
• s...
Virtues and Character Strengths
4. Justice
• Fairness
• Leadership
• Team work
Virtues & Character Strengths
5. Temperance
• forgiveness
• modesty
• prudence
• self-regulation
6. Transcendence
• apprec...
ABC MODEL
Beliefs
About what caused it
About the implications
Consequences
Emotions and behaviour
that result from Beliefs...
Detecting IcebergsDetecting Icebergs
External Presentation of
an individual
How we Approach the World
Internal Processes
T...
““If we think we are fragile and broken, weIf we think we are fragile and broken, we
will live a fragile, broken life. If ...
Fostering Resiliency in Schools
1.Provide a caring, supportive learning
environment
• Feeling cared for and safe builds
st...
How to Reach the Disengaged
• Pay attention to and accentuate strengths.
• Use these strengths to connect to the
curriculu...
How to Reach the Disengaged
We can’t engage if we feel UNSAFE
Safe Environments Incorporate
• Trust
• Belongingness
• Fair...
Resiliency in Schools
2. Foster positive attitudes
• Help students believe that they can
succeed if they try.
• Provide si...
Resiliency in Schools
3.Nurture positive emotions in students and
staff members
• Demonstrate and give students the chance...
Resiliency in Schools
4.Foster academic self-determination and
feelings of competence
• Provide clear and consistent expec...
Resiliency in Schools
4.Foster academic self-determination and feelings of
competence, cont’d
• Encourage students to regu...
Resiliency in Schools
7. Healthy Habits
• Facilitate stress
reduction by
incorporating positive
stress control
strategies,...
Fostering Resiliency/
Psychological Well-Being
Research has shown that resilience results
from:
• Positive social relation...
Resiliency: Conclusions
• Resiliency is the ability to recover rapidly
from illness, change or misfortune.
• Building resi...
Resiliency: Conclusions
• Building your resiliency raises your
tolerance so that as you grow, things that
stressed you out...
Quotes
“He who has a why to live for, can
endure any how.”
Victor Frankl, Psychiatrist
“Life is not a matter of holding go...
Quotes
“ Character cannot be developed in peace
and quiet. Only through trial and suffering
can the soul be strengthened, ...
Resources
www.raisingresilientkids.com/
www.askdrjami.org/pd/resiliency_high.pdf
www.oregon.edu/˜orp/publications.htm
www....
References
• United States Longitudinal Student of Adolescent Health
(Journal of School Health, 2002)
• Reivich, Karen & S...
References cont’d
• Community Health Systems Resource Group, Hospital
For Sick Children. (2005) Early School Leavers:
Unde...
Engaging Resilience
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Engaging Resilience

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Engaging Resilience

  1. 1. Engaging the Disengaged: Practical Strategies from a Positive Psychology Perspective Marianne LoPresti, C. Psych. Assoc. Patricia Marra-Stapleton, C.Psych. Assoc. April 28,2009
  2. 2. Definition • Resiliency is the ability to spring back from and successfully adapt to adversity. • One fifteen year old defined resiliency thus: “bouncing back from problems and stuff with more power and more smarts” resiliency for life.com
  3. 3. Resiliency • Research indicates that most people can bounce back from crisis, stress and trauma and experience life successes. It appears that each person has an innate capacity for resiliency that operates best when they have resiliency building conditions in their lives.
  4. 4. Features of Optimistic versus Negative Thinkers • Focus on solutions rather problems (when change is possible) • Use acceptance and humour • More accurate about how much control they have in situations (even 5% counts)
  5. 5. Features of Positive Thinkers Cont’d • Have more and stronger social support • Have better immune functions • Take better care of themselves • Less likely to deny and avoid problems
  6. 6. Features of Optimistic Thinkers Cont’d • Move out of their comfort zone • Learn from failure and find meaning in setback. • More likely to try new strategies when the ones they are using aren’t working (self- assessment and self-efficacy)
  7. 7. Rules Of Engagement • Student’s remain in school when the environment is supportive, inclusive, and engaging. (B. Ferguson, 2005) • Higher levels of school connectedness associated with Positive Classroom Management Climates (Journal of School Health, 2002)
  8. 8. Rules of Engagement • The BEST predictors of successful change in students (Miller and Duncan 1997 analysis of research on resiliency and change) – 1) Engagement in a meaningful relationship – 2) Engagement in meaningful activities 83% on change involves these 2 elements
  9. 9. Virtues and Character Strengths 1. Wisdom and Knowledge • creativity • curiosity • open-mindedness • love of learning • perspective
  10. 10. Virtues and Character Strengths 2. Courage • authenticity • bravery • persistence • zest 3. Humanity • kindness • love • social intelligence
  11. 11. Virtues and Character Strengths 4. Justice • Fairness • Leadership • Team work
  12. 12. Virtues & Character Strengths 5. Temperance • forgiveness • modesty • prudence • self-regulation 6. Transcendence • appreciation of beauty and excellence • gratitude • hope • humour • Religiousness/spirituality
  13. 13. ABC MODEL Beliefs About what caused it About the implications Consequences Emotions and behaviour that result from Beliefs and Adversity Adversity Any problem situation (big or small)
  14. 14. Detecting IcebergsDetecting Icebergs External Presentation of an individual How we Approach the World Internal Processes The Individual’s Experiences, Beliefs, Feelings, Thinking Traps, Life Philosophy, Values
  15. 15. ““If we think we are fragile and broken, weIf we think we are fragile and broken, we will live a fragile, broken life. If wewill live a fragile, broken life. If we believe we are strong and wise, we willbelieve we are strong and wise, we will live with enthusiasm and courage. Thelive with enthusiasm and courage. The way we name ourselves colours the wayway we name ourselves colours the way we live. Who we are is in our own eyes.we live. Who we are is in our own eyes. We must be careful how to nameWe must be careful how to name ourselves.ourselves.”” Wayne MullerWayne Muller
  16. 16. Fostering Resiliency in Schools 1.Provide a caring, supportive learning environment • Feeling cared for and safe builds students’/staff’s resiliency • Promoting positive social connections between staff members and students, students and their peers, and home and school, builds resiliency.
  17. 17. How to Reach the Disengaged • Pay attention to and accentuate strengths. • Use these strengths to connect to the curriculum • Make your Belief your paradigm “ From wrong to strong” ( W. Hammond)
  18. 18. How to Reach the Disengaged We can’t engage if we feel UNSAFE Safe Environments Incorporate • Trust • Belongingness • Fairness
  19. 19. Resiliency in Schools 2. Foster positive attitudes • Help students believe that they can succeed if they try. • Provide situations in which students are able to succeed • Frame failure as a learning opportunity • Teach them to re-evaluate and adjust strategies that may not be working
  20. 20. Resiliency in Schools 3.Nurture positive emotions in students and staff members • Demonstrate and give students the chance to practice positive emotions such as optimism, respect, forgiveness and empathy. • Staff members reinforce emotional intelligence, praise students for successes, and avoid judgments or harsh criticism for failure.
  21. 21. Resiliency in Schools 4.Foster academic self-determination and feelings of competence • Provide clear and consistent expectations • Help students develop a menu of homework and study strategies
  22. 22. Resiliency in Schools 4.Foster academic self-determination and feelings of competence, cont’d • Encourage students to regularly attend school and complete homework as well as develop talents in activities they enjoy. • Teach students to set realistic goals and obtain necessary resources • Assist student in future planning/long term goals setting
  23. 23. Resiliency in Schools 7. Healthy Habits • Facilitate stress reduction by incorporating positive stress control strategies, such as meditation, controlled breathing, yoga, and exercise into the school curricula.
  24. 24. Fostering Resiliency/ Psychological Well-Being Research has shown that resilience results from: • Positive social relationships • Positive attitudes and emotions • The ability to control one’s own behaviour • Feelings of competence
  25. 25. Resiliency: Conclusions • Resiliency is the ability to recover rapidly from illness, change or misfortune. • Building resiliency is a way of dealing with stressful situations in a way that is also helps you take the next step in your won growth as a person
  26. 26. Resiliency: Conclusions • Building your resiliency raises your tolerance so that as you grow, things that stressed you out in the past no longer have the same hold on you. • Building resiliency involves self-soothing and self-confronting.
  27. 27. Quotes “He who has a why to live for, can endure any how.” Victor Frankl, Psychiatrist “Life is not a matter of holding good cards , but of playing a poor hand well” Robert Louis Stevenson
  28. 28. Quotes “ Character cannot be developed in peace and quiet. Only through trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened, vision be insured and success achieved.” Hellen Keller
  29. 29. Resources www.raisingresilientkids.com/ www.askdrjami.org/pd/resiliency_high.pdf www.oregon.edu/˜orp/publications.htm www.fishfulthinking.com www.resiliencyinitiatives.ca www.resiliencyforlife.com
  30. 30. References • United States Longitudinal Student of Adolescent Health (Journal of School Health, 2002) • Reivich, Karen & Shatte, Andrew; The Resilence Factor, Broadway books,Copyright 2002. • Seligman, Martin E. P. & Steen, Tracy A.; Positive Psychology Program- empirical Validation of Interventions, American Psychologist, July-August 2005, American Psychological Association
  31. 31. References cont’d • Community Health Systems Resource Group, Hospital For Sick Children. (2005) Early School Leavers: Understanding the Lived Reality of Student Disengagement From secondary School –Final Report for the Ontario Ministry of Education and Training, Special Education Branch • Resiliency : Embracing a Strength Based Approach to evaluation, Service Provision and Professional Development , Dr. W. Hammond, Toronto, Ont., October 24, 2008

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