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African Civilization
Geography
Africa is the 2nd largest continent
in the world. It measures 30, 244,
000 square kilometers wide with
1,032,532...
Two
Africas:
Mediterranean Africa –
near the region of the
north Sahara with a
climate identical to that
of Southern Europ...
History
Ancient peoples
settled on the Nile
Valley during the
Neolithic (New
Stone) Age,
around 5000 BC.
Many scientists
b...
Traditional Society
Village Government – power was shared
among the members of the community,
not a single leader.
Family ...
Rise of Communities
A. Nok (800BC –
200AD)
Known for
beautiful, life-
sized metal
sculptures
used as art
pieces.
They also...
B. Bantu
(600BC –
1000BCAD)
Bantus lived in the
Sahara, south of
Africa.
They spread their
culture and language
throughout...
Ancient Kingdoms
A.Kingdom of Kush (1600BC-300AD)
In 1600BC, the
Nubians established
the Kingdom of
Kush.
Egypt defeated K...
• They have a system of writing and their cities
boasted palaces made of stone.
• it was the first kingdom in Africa to ev...
Early Imperial Trade
A Empire of Ghana (5th-11th Century)
Gold Coast
The Soninkes benefited from the taxes they imposed on...
B. Empire of Kanem-Bornu (9th-19th
Century)
It can be found
around the Chad
Lake.
Tasted victory in the
17th century, with...
• It is composed of Mandika people.
• The Soso Empire rose, this obliterated many races,
including the Mandinka. Sundiata ...
Sunni Ali was the leader who
attacked the Mali empire. He was
known for his belief in pagan
gods and magic.
Sunni Ali was ...
Contributions
Art – closely
tied with
religion, made
from ivory,
wood and
bronze.
Literary
Traditions–
folktales were
pass...
African civilizations
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African civilizations

African civilizations

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African civilizations

  1. 1. African Civilization
  2. 2. Geography Africa is the 2nd largest continent in the world. It measures 30, 244, 000 square kilometers wide with 1,032,532,974 people living as of 2011. A large part of continent is made up of deserts. A. Sahara – largest desert in the world; Northern part. B. Kalahari – Southern part The scarce rainfall in these areas bring about the appearance of spring, which forms an oasis
  3. 3. Two Africas: Mediterranean Africa – near the region of the north Sahara with a climate identical to that of Southern Europe Tropical Africa - has thick jungles, deserts, and grass lands.
  4. 4. History Ancient peoples settled on the Nile Valley during the Neolithic (New Stone) Age, around 5000 BC. Many scientists believe that the first people in the world came from Africa. “Lucy”, one of the first discovered australopithecines, was discovered in the Great Lift Valley. Early African peoples did not usually leave a written record.
  5. 5. Traditional Society Village Government – power was shared among the members of the community, not a single leader. Family Patterns – the group was always more important than the individual. Religious Beliefs – Early Africans identified with the forces of nature and the belief that all living and nonliving things contained spirits, this is called animism.
  6. 6. Rise of Communities A. Nok (800BC – 200AD) Known for beautiful, life- sized metal sculptures used as art pieces. They also made jewelry made from metal such as steel, gold and tin. The figurines they made were dressed by the cloth they wove, for the Noks were excellent weavers. They lived in houses made from dried mud. They were polytheistic – they believe in more than one God.
  7. 7. B. Bantu (600BC – 1000BCAD) Bantus lived in the Sahara, south of Africa. They spread their culture and language throughout the continent. They lived by farming and animal raising. Women commonly raised crops while men hunted. Magic was central to the Bantus’ beliefs. They also believed that soul would separate from the body at the time of death.
  8. 8. Ancient Kingdoms A.Kingdom of Kush (1600BC-300AD) In 1600BC, the Nubians established the Kingdom of Kush. Egypt defeated Kush in 1525 BC. Egypt fell in 800- 700BC. Kushites declared freedom and elected a new king in 715BC. In 671BC, the Kushites escaped to Menroe. In 350 AD, Ezana, took over the Kingdom of Kush.
  9. 9. • They have a system of writing and their cities boasted palaces made of stone. • it was the first kingdom in Africa to ever have its own money made of gold, silver, and bronze. • The Kingdom of Aksum was strong in the north, of what is now called Ethiopia. • Its economy was sustained by trade in the Red Sea. • In the 4th century, the Aksum kings converted to Christianity. • Trade in Aksum remained strong until the 7th century, the time when Islam began to spread. B. Kingdom of Aksum (600- 500BC)
  10. 10. Early Imperial Trade A Empire of Ghana (5th-11th Century) Gold Coast The Soninkes benefited from the taxes they imposed on their trade of mines, salt and gold. They controlled this trade and established a large empire called Ghana. They also designated the value of gold, and assigned taxes to the salt and gold that were delivered. Kumbi Saleh (now the modern desert region of Senegal) was the capital of Ghana. Trade became the center of Soninke culture. However they rejected the religion of Islam.
  11. 11. B. Empire of Kanem-Bornu (9th-19th Century) It can be found around the Chad Lake. Tasted victory in the 17th century, with territories compromising southern Chad, northern Cameroon, northeastern Nigeria, eastern Niger, and southern Libya. The Kanem-Bornu was built in the middle of the 19th century. Because of its location, it served as a trade route from North Africa, Nile Valley and sub- Saharan regions.
  12. 12. • It is composed of Mandika people. • The Soso Empire rose, this obliterated many races, including the Mandinka. Sundiata Kita was the lone survivor, and when he grew up, he led the successful Mandinka Revolution against the Soso reign. • Sundiata converted to Islam. Those who succeeded him carried the title mansa, meaning “emperor”. • The most famous emperor of Mali was Mansa Musa who governed in 1312 AD. • The first map of Africa was drawn in 1375, showing Mansa Musa sitting on the thrown with the title, “Lord of the Negroes”. C. Mali Empire
  13. 13. Sunni Ali was the leader who attacked the Mali empire. He was known for his belief in pagan gods and magic. Sunni Ali was When Sunni Ali dies, he was succeeded by Askia Mohammed who ruled from 1493-1528. Askia was a devoted Muslim who tried to unite his territories under one Muslim empire through consecutive wars. It was eventually destroyed from enemy attacks and from conflicts from the empire itself. D. Songhai Empire
  14. 14. Contributions Art – closely tied with religion, made from ivory, wood and bronze. Literary Traditions– folktales were passed on from generation to generation, Arabic was a popular written language. Education – in most societies, it was the duty of the elders to teach boys and girls their roles in the village. Commerce- trade allowed many empires to prosper and develop as a result of cultural diffusion.

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African civilizations

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