William G. Morgans
William G. Morgan was a physical education instructor at the YMCA in Holyoke,
Massachusetts in the late 19th century.
Morgan wanted to create a new indoor sport that was less physically demanding than
basketball, which was invented just a few years earlier.
In 1895, Morgan came up with a game he called "mintonette", which was played with
a net and a ball on a court that was 25 feet wide and 50 feet long.
The original rules of mintonette were very different from modern volleyball, and the
game was played with nine players on each side.
Over time, Morgan and other players modified the rules and equipment of mintonette
to make the game more exciting and challenging.
By 1900, the game had evolved into what we now know as volleyball, with six players
on each side, a standard net height of 7 feet 11 5/8 inches, and rules that emphasized
skill, strategy, and teamwork.
• Objective: The objective of volleyball is to score points by hitting the ball over
the net and onto the opponent's court, while preventing the opponent from
doing the same.
• Team: Each team has six players on the court, with up to six substitutes on
• Serve: The game begins with a serve, which is a hit over the net by the
serving team. The server must stand behind the end line and cannot touch
• Rally: Once the ball is served, the rally begins. The ball must be hit back and
forth over the net, with each team having up to three hits to return the ball.
• Scoring: A team scores a point when the ball hits the opponent's court, or
when the opponent makes a mistake (e.g. hits the ball out of bounds, fails to
return the ball over the net, or commits a violation). The first team to reach 25
points (with a two-point advantage) wins the set, and the first team to win
three sets wins the match.
• Rotation: After a team wins a rally and earns the right to serve, its players
rotate one position clockwise. This ensures that each player gets a chance to
play in different positions on the court.
• Substitutions: Substitutions can be made at any time, as long as they are
done in a designated substitution zone and only when the ball is out of play.
• Violations: There are several violations in volleyball, including touching the
net, stepping over the center line, and carrying or throwing the ball instead of
hitting it. Violations result in a point for the opponent.
• Timeouts: Each team is allowed a limited number of timeouts during a set or
match, to rest, strategize, or break the opponent's momentum.
• volleyball was originally called "mintonette" by its inventor,
William G. Morgan, who wanted to create a less strenuous
• Volleyball became an Olympic sport in 1964, and has been
included in every Summer Olympics since then.
• Beach volleyball, a variation of the indoor game played on
sand, was first introduced as a demonstration sport in the
1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
• Volleyball is the second most popular sport in the world, with
an estimated 900 million people playing the game globally.
• The first World Championship for men's volleyball was held
in 1949, and the first World Championship for women's
volleyball was held in 1952.
• Volleyball is one of the few sports where players are not
allowed to touch the ball with their feet or any other part of
the body except for their hands and arms.
• Volleyball is played by more than 800 million people
worldwide, making it one of the most popular sports in the
• The first volleyball game was played with a basketball and a
tennis net, and the original ball used was made of leather.
• Volleyball is a sport that is enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels,
making it an excellent recreational activity for anyone looking for a fun
way to stay active and socialize with others. Here are some reasons why
volleyball is a great choice for a recreational activity:
• Firstly, volleyball is a team sport that requires cooperation and
communication between players, which makes it an ideal activity for
building social connections and friendships. Whether playing with friends,
family, or new acquaintances, volleyball provides a fun and social
atmosphere that encourages players to work together and support each
Secondly, volleyball is a highly active sport that requires a variety of
physical skills such as jumping, diving, and quick movements. This
makes it a great way to get in shape, increase agility and endurance, and
improve overall fitness levels. Additionally, because volleyball is a low-
impact sport, it is less likely to cause injuries than other high-impact
sports like basketball or football.
• Thirdly, volleyball can be played in a variety of settings, including indoor
and outdoor courts, and even on the beach. This flexibility makes it easy
to find a convenient location to play and adds to the fun and excitement
of the game. Playing volleyball on the beach, for example, adds an extra
element of challenge as players must adapt to the sandy surface and
Finally, volleyball is a sport that can be enjoyed by players of all ages and
skill levels. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced player, there is
always room for improvement and enjoyment in the game. This inclusivity
makes volleyball a great activity for families, friends, and coworkers to
bond over, and can help to bring people together in a fun and active way.
In conclusion, volleyball is a fun and engaging recreational activity that
provides a range of physical, social, and mental benefits. Whether you
are looking to improve your fitness, make new friends, or simply enjoy a
day of fun and games, volleyball is an excellent choice. So why not
gather a group of friends or family members and head to the nearest
court for a day of active and enjoyable play?