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GREEN RATING FOR INTEGRATED HABITAT ASSESSMENT
PRESENTED BY -
MS. ROMA ROCHWANI
FIFTH YEAR B. ARCH
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING ?
‘Green’ building is a building that, in
its design, construction or operation, reduces or
eliminates negative impacts, and can create positive
impacts, on our climate and natural environment.
Green buildings preserve precious
natural resources and improve our quality of life.
GOAL OF GREEN BUILDING -
1) To help to sustain the environment without disrupting
the natural habitats around it.
2) To promote a better planet earth, and a better place
for us all to live.
3) Reduce trash, pollution and degradation of
4) Create a sound indoor environment for living and
working purpose. Primary School and Sports Hall
Chartier - Dalix Architects
FEATURES WHICH CAN MAKE A BUILDING ‘GREEN’ :
1) Efficient use of energy, water and other resources.
2) Use of renewable energy, such as solar energy.
3) Pollution and waste reduction measures, and the enabling of re-use and recycling.
4) Good indoor environmental air quality.
5) Use of materials that are non-toxic, ethical and
6) Creating resilient and flexible structures.
7) Consideration of the environment in design,
construction and operation.
8) Consideration of the quality of life of occupants in
design, construction and operation.
9) A design that enables adaptation to a changing
BENEFITS OF GREEN BUILDING :
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS :
1) Reduce wastage of water.
2) Conserve and restore natural resources.
3) Improve air and water quality.
4) Enhance protect biodiversity and ecosystems.
ECONOMIC BENEFITS :
1) Reduce operating costs.
2) Improve occupant productivity.
3) Create market for green product and services.
SOCIAL BENEFITS :
1) Improve quality of life.
2) Minimise strain on local infrastructure.
3) Improve occupant health and comfort.
GREEN BUILDING RATING SYSTEM
WHAT IS GREEN BUILDING RATING SYSTEM ?
A rating system can be defined as a set of prerequisites and
requirements that a project team must fulfil in order to receive certification.
TYPES OF RATING SYSTEM :
1) BREEAM - United Kingdom
2) LEED - United States
3) Green Globes - Canada
4) Green Star - Australia
5) BEAM - Hong Kong
6) EEWH - Taiwan
7) GBCS - South Korea
8) CASBEE - Japan
9) GRIHA - India
INTRODUCTION OF GRIHA
1) WHAT IS GRIHA ?
Name : GRIHA is an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment.
Country : INDIA
Established : 2007
2) GRIHA is a Sanskrit word meaning – ‘Abode’.
3) A innovative tool for sustainable development by the United Nations.
4) A tool for implementing renewable energy in the building sector by ‘The Climate
Reality project’- an organization founded by Mr. Al Gore; and UNEP-SBCI has
developed the “Common Carbon Metric” (kWhr/sq.m/annum), for international
building energy data collection -based on inputs from GRIHA (among others)
THERE ARE THREE PRIMARY RATING SYSTEMS IN INDIA:
GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) -
Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) is India’s own rating
system jointly developed by TERI and the Ministry of New and Renewable
Energy, Government of India.
IGBC (Indian Green Building Council) -
LEED is developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), the
organization promoting sustainability through Green Buildings.
BEE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency) -
It has star based rating system: more stars mean more energy
efficiency. BEE has developed the Energy Performance Index (EPI). The unit
of Kilo watt hours per square meter per year is considered for rating the
building and especially targets air conditioned and non-air conditioned office
OBJECTIVES OF GRIHA
1) Minimize a building’s resource consumption, waste generation, and overall
2) Evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its
entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what
constitutes a ‘green building’.
3) Based on accepted energy and environmental principles, seeks to strike a balance
between the established practices and emerging concepts.
4) Reduced energy consumption without sacrificing the comfort level.
5) Reduced destruction of natural areas, habitats, and biodiversity, and reduced soil
loss from erosion etc
WHY CHOOSE GRIHA ?
Two rating systems in India : LEED India and GRIHA
1) LEED - India adapted from United States Green Building Council’s
(USGBC) is primarily based on per capita energy consumption in
developed nations like the US which does not work in India since
India’s per capita energy consumption is very low compared to
2) GRIHA is more suited to Indian climate. Also unlike LEED, it
does not promote usage of certain products like glass and
VVIP CIRCUIT HOUSE
• ARCHITECTS :
SUNIL PATIL AND ASSOCIATES
• AREA : 10,540.00 SQ. M.
• YEAR : 2014
• GRIHA rating : 5 stars
VIEW OF ENTRANCE
“Architecture shall adhere to its time, the era, in
which it is built.”
- ARCHITECT SUNIL PATIL
1) Circuit House is a Government public
building which not only accommodates the
VIP authorities but also acts as a node for
political meetings, Government authorities’
discussions and conferences.
2) Usually, circuit houses have large number of
visitors and occupancy can vary extremely.
3) The project site is located in Pune - political
hub for western Maharashtra.
4) The project is mainly divided into two parts-
A) Accommodation - Guest suites.
B) Public areas - Conference and meeting
hall facilities, Dining, Reception, VIP and
visitor’s waiting areas etc.
5) Design is based on climate responsive
architecture with passive strategies for
thermal and visual comfort along with
innovative active strategies to achieve
energy efficient green building.
6) The project has received GRIHA Five Star
ABOUT THE PROJECT
Today architecture has
become threat to our planet. One has
to be conscious while using natural
resources for any development on
Hence green and sustainable
architecture is not just a trend but a
lifesaving measure for our earth and
so the sustainable green architecture
is no more a distinction as a design
In fact it shall be the basic
ethos for all the development.
Government buildings are
normally perceived as menace to
sustainability as they consume high
energy because of basic lacuna in the
planning and design.
This project is an initiative to
make Government buildings “Green
and Energy Efficient” and to create
awareness in the government sector.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
1) MAIN ENTRY
3) VIP ENTRY
4) VIP WAITING
5) CLASS 1 SUITES
6) CLASS 2 SUITES
8) COMMON TOILETS
10) WATER BODY
12) WAITING LOUNGE
DESIGN IN DETAIL
10 POINTS OF GREEN STATUS
1) This project is GRIHA certifies with 5 - star rating for green
2) The building design is completely based on solar
passive, climate responsive architecture.
All the areas are naturally day - lit and
well ventilated with optimised shading devices
designed to control glare and heat gain achieving
thermal comfort and visual.
3) The building envelope is a crucial element
of green building, hence, each facade in
this building is designed taking into
consideration its orientation and function.
Vertical and horizontal louvers
have been used for south and west facade
to cut the solar radiation.
4) 22 kW solar photo - voltaic renewable energy plant is
designed to cater more than 30% of artificial lighting.
100% outdoor lighting catered by renewable energy systems.
5) Double glazed windows with low solar
gain coefficient is used to minimize the
direct heat gain from the windows and to
reduce the air conditioning load.
6) 52.81% reduction in building energy
performance index (EPI) is achieved in
7) 90% hot water demand is catered by heat
pumps based on hot water systems.
8) Efficient water fixtures have been used
resulting in 50% water conservation.
Waste water has been utilised for
9) Native and drought tolerant species
with efficient irrigation systems are
proposed in landscape to minimize the
Irrigation water demand is reduced by
48% by the use of treated water from
the STP installed on the site.
10) Building execution is done with all the
safety measures and procedures,
innovative green construction
techniques and effective air and noise