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Surgical Instruments and Procedures

Surgical Instruments and Common Surgical Procedures

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Surgical Instruments and Procedures

  1. 1. Surgical Instruments and common surgical procedures<br />
  2. 2. Categories of Instruments<br />Instrument<br />usage<br />Scissors and Scalpels<br />Hemostats, Forceps, and Clamps<br />Specula, Scopes, Probes, Retractors, and Dilators<br />Cutting<br />Grasping and Clamping<br />Dilating and Probing<br />
  3. 3. Cutting<br />
  4. 4. Disposable Scalpel<br />Used to cut the skin, sometimes called a surgical knife<br />
  5. 5. Surgical Blades<br />Most common sizes are <br />#11, #10, and #15<br />#22<br />#23<br />#24<br />#10<br />#15<br />#21<br />#13<br />#12<br />#11<br />
  6. 6. Straight Scissors<br />Sharp/Sharp<br />Blunt/Blunt<br />Sharp/Blunt<br />
  7. 7. Curved Scissors<br />Sharp/Sharp<br />Sharp/Blunt<br />Blunt/Blunt<br />
  8. 8. Mayo Dissecting Scissors<br />Straight<br />Curved<br />Heavy-duty with narrowed but blunt pointed blades<br />
  9. 9. Iris Scissors<br />straight<br />curved<br />Small scissors designed for fine detail<br />
  10. 10. Suture Removal Scissors<br />Hook-shaped point on one blade used to hook <br />under the stitch before cutting <br />Straight<br />angled<br />
  11. 11. Bandage Scissors<br />Designed for cutting bandages on patients <br />without cutting the patient<br />Lister scissors <br />Knowles scissors<br />
  12. 12. GraspingandClamping<br />
  13. 13. Hemostat Forceps<br />Mosquito<br />Kelly<br />Serrations only along<br />part of the tip<br />Serrations along<br />the entire tips <br />Some may have teeth<br />All may be straight or curved<br />
  14. 14. Thumb Forceps<br />Sometimes called “pick-ups”<br />Some with teeth are called tissue forceps<br />
  15. 15. Ear and Nasal Forceps<br />Hartman forceps<br />Alligator forceps<br />Bent for ease in ear and nose procedures<br />
  16. 16. Sponge Forceps<br />Used to hold surgical gauze sponges<br />May be straight or curved<br />
  17. 17. Towel Clamp<br />Used for fixing drapes to the skin of anesthetized patients<br />
  18. 18. Needle Holder<br />Often called needle drivers<br />Holds needles firmly without crushing<br />
  19. 19. Dilatingandprobing<br />
  20. 20. Specula and Scopes<br />Are used to expose body orifices by widening for better viewing<br />Vaginal Speculum<br />Anoscope/Proctoscope<br />Nasal Speculum<br />
  21. 21. Retractors<br />Used to hook and retract the edges of a wound for better view<br />Weitlaner retractor<br />Volkman Retractor<br />Self -retaining<br />Manual<br />
  22. 22. Dilators<br />Double-ended metal rods ranging in size<br />used for gradually dilating an opening<br />Hegar Dilators<br />Pratt Dilators<br />
  23. 23. Setting up a sterile field<br />
  24. 24. Staple Removal<br />
  25. 25. Wound Irrigation and Suturing<br />
  26. 26. Incision and Drainage<br />

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