1. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
5G Overview and IOT
Dept. of Electronics & Comm. Engineering
2. Contents :
What is 5G ? What is IOT ?
Introduction to 5G
Evolution from 1G to 5G
Hardware and Software related to 5G
Features of 5G
Need of IOT in 5G
3. What is 5G?
Fifth generation wireless (5G) is a wireless networking architecture built on the 802.11ac IEEE
wireless networking standard, which aims to increase data communication speeds by up to
three times compared to its predecessor, 4G (IEEE 802.11n).
5G incorporates the architecture amendments recommended by IEEE 802.11ac and operates
in the 5 GHz frequency mode. Fifth generation wireless is primarily designed to enable a
superior data communication rate between wireless local area networks (WLAN), reach
speeds up to 1.5 GBps and cover a distance of 90 meters - three times more than 802.11n.
The large coverage area for 5G is made possible through a technique called beamforming, in
which the wireless routers ignore inefficient paths and deliberately neglect to record them in
the routing table.
4. What is IOT?
The Internet ofThings (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and
digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and
the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-
The term “Internet ofThings” is attributed to “Kevin Ashton” of Procter & Gamble, who in
1999 article used the phrase to describe the role of RFID tags in making supply chains more
efficient.At the time, the idea of electronically gathering data in a production facility or
warehouse and linking it to computers for analysis was still very new. In recent years, the
number of smart sensors has exploded. By one estimate, there will be 50 billion devices
connected to the Internet by the year 2020.
5. Introduction to 5G
• 5GWireless: 5th generation wireless technology
• Complete wireless communication with almost no limitations
• Can be called REAL wireless world
• Has incredible transmission speed
• Low latency
• Full area coverage
6. Evolution from 1G to 5G
• Developed in 1980s & completed in early 1990s
• Based on analog system
• Speed up to 2.4 kbps
• AMPS (Advance Mobile Phone System) was
launched by the US & it was the 1G mobile system
• Allows user to make voice calls in 1 country
7. • Developed in late 1980s & completed in late
• Based on digital system
• Speed up to 64 kbps
• Services such are digital voice & SMS with
• Semi global facility
• 2G are the handsets we are using today, with
2.5G having more capabilities
8. • Developed between late 1990s & early 2000s until present
• Transmission speed from 125 kbps to 2 Mbps
• Superior voice quality
• Good clarity in video conference
• E-mail, PDA, information surfing, on-line shopping/ banking,
• Global roaming
9. • Developed in 2010
• Faster & more reliable
• Speed up to 100 Mbps
• High performance
• Easy roaming
• Low cost
10. Fourth generation technology is where it gets really exciting
for starters.The upload and download speeds are much faster
allowing all content in real time. We can even watch HD
quality movie onYouTube without buffering. Even video
calling, online gameplay, cloud based services are now much
faster with fewer interruptions and real time mobile
conferencing is now possible.
For enjoying all these, all we need is 4G LTE compatible
11. • Next major phase of mobile telecommunication & wireless system
• 10 times more capacity than others
• Expected speed up to 1 Gbps
• More faster & reliable than 4G
• Lower cost than previous generations
12. 5G is the next generation of wireless it will be able to handle
thousand times more traffic than today’s network and it will be 10
times faster than 4G LTE. 5G will be the foundation for virtual
reality autonomous driving the internet of things and stuff we
can’t even imagine.
14. 5G Technologies
To understand how 5G will differ from today’s 4G networks, it’s helpful to walk through
these five technologies and consider what each will mean for wireless users.
Millimeter waves are broadcast at frequencies between 30 and 300
gigahertz compared to the bands below 6 GHz that were used for mobile
devices in the past.They are called millimeter waves because they vary in
length from 1 to 10 mm, compared to the radio waves that serve today’s
smartphones, which measure tens of centimeters in length.
Small cells are portable miniature base stations that require minimal
power to operate and can be placed every 250 meters or so throughout
cities.To prevent signals from being dropped, carriers could install
thousands of these stations in a city to form a dense network that acts
like a relay team, receiving signals from other base stations and sending
data to users at any location.
15. Beamforming focuses a signal in a concentrated beam that
points only in the direction of a user, rather than broadcasting in
many directions at once.This approach can strengthen the
signal’s chances of arriving intact and reduce interference for
With 5G, a transceiver will be able to transmit and receive data
at the same time, on the same frequency.This technology is
known as full duplex.
MIMO describes wireless systems that use two or more
transmitters and receivers to send and receive more data at
once. Massive MIMO takes this concept to a new level by
featuring dozens of antennas on a single array.
17. 5G Network Architecture (Contd.)
• As shown 5G network uses flat IP concept so that different RANs (Radio Access Networks) can
use the same single Nanocore for communication. RANs supported by 5G architecture are
GSM, GPRS/EDGE, UMTS, LTE, LTE-advanced,WiMAX, Wi-Fi, CDMA2000, EV-DO, CDMA One,
• Flat IP architecture identify devices using symbolic names unlike hierarchical architecture
where in normal IP addresses are used.This architecture reduces number of network elements
in data path and hence reduces cost to greater extent. It also minimizes latency.
• 5G aggregator aggregates all the RAN traffics and route it to gateway. 5G aggregator is
located at BSC/RNC place. 5G mobile terminal houses different radio interfaces for each RAT in
order to provide support for all the spectrum access and wireless technologies.
• Another component in the 5G network architecture is 5G nanocore. It consists of
nanotechnology, cloud computing, All IP architecture.
• Cloud computing utilizes internet as well as central remote servers to maintain data and
applications of the users. It allows consumers to use applications without any installation and
access their files from any computer across the globe with the use of internet.
• Global content service providers support following applications:
• Search engine• education• public portal• private
portal• government• medical• transportation• banking etc.
18. Hardware and Software related to 5G
• Uses UWB (UltraWide Band) networks with higher BW at low energy levels
• BW is of 4000 Mbps, which is 400 times faster than today’s wireless networks
• Uses smart antenna
• Uses CDMA (Code Division MultipleAccess)
• 5G will be single unified standard of different wireless networks, including LAN
technologies, LAN/WAN,WWWW-WorldWideWirelessWeb, unified IP &
seamless combination of broadband
• Software defined radio, encryption, flexibility, Anti-Virus
20. 5G Applications
Some of the significant applications are −
• It will make unified global standard for all.
• Network availability will be everywhere and will facilitate people to use their computer
and such kind of mobile devices anywhere anytime.
• Because of the IPv6 technology, visiting care of mobile IP address will be assigned as
per the connected network and geographical position.
• Its application will make world realWi Fi zone.
• Its cognitive radio technology will facilitate different version of radio technologies to
share the same spectrum efficiently.
• Its application will facilitate people to avail radio signal at higher altitude as well.
• 3G- Operator Centric,
4G- Service Centric whereas,
5G- User Centric
• We have proposed 5G wireless concept designed as an open platform on
• The new coming 5G technology will be available in the market at affordable
rates, high peak future & much reliability than preceding technologies
22. Need of IOT in 5G
When 5G, the fifth generation of wireless communications technology,
arrives in 2020, engineers expect that it will be able to handle about 1000
times more mobile data than today’s cellular systems. It will also become
the backbone of the Internet ofThings (IoT), linking up fixed and mobile
devices—vending machines and cars alike—becoming part of a new
industrial and economic revolution. A new architecture, new
communication technologies, and new hardware will make this
GM Everyone. Myself SA. I have done my summer training at Bsnl ALTTC, Ghaziabad. Today I m going to present my ppt on 5G overview and IOT.
5th generation wireless systems, abbreviated 5G, are improved wireless network technologies deploying in 2018 and later.The primary technologies include: Millimeter wave bands (26, 28, 38, and 60 GHz) offer performance as high as 20 gigabits per second (gbps); Massive MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output - 64-256 antennas) offers performance "up to ten times current 4G networks; Low-band 5G" and "Mid-band 5G" use frequencies from 600 MHz to 6 GHz, especially 3.5-4.2 GHz.
Until now, only operators of satellites and radar systems used millimeter waves for real-world applications.
There is one major drawback to millimeter waves, though—they can’t easily travel through buildings or obstacles and they can be absorbed by foliage and rain. That’s why 5G networks will likely augment traditional cellular towers with another new technology, called small cells.
Today’s 4G base stations have a dozen ports for antennas that handle all cellular traffic: eight for transmitters and four for receivers. But 5G base stations can support about a hundred ports, which means many more antennas can fit on a single array.
Beamforming is a traffic-signaling system for cellular base stations that identifies the most efficient data-delivery route to a particular user, and it reduces interference for nearby users in the process. Depending on the situation and the technology, there are several ways for 5G networks to implement it.
shown 5G network uses flat IP concept so that different RANs (Radio Access Networks) can use the same single Nanocore for communication.
RANs supported by 5G architecture are GSM, GPRS/EDGE, UMTS, LTE, LTE-advanced, WiMAX, Wi-Fi, CDMA2000, EV-DO, CDMA One, IS-95 etc.
Symbolic Flat IP architecture is used. Due to this architecture cost of network element reduced to great extent. It also minimizes latency (he delay before a transfer of data begins following an instruction for its transfer). The aggregator which is located at BSC place aggregates all the RAN traffics and route it to gateway.
5G nanocore consist of technologies like nanotechnology, cloud computing and supports all IP based architecture.
5G will make world real WiFi Zone. 4G is often tearmed as MAGIC techonology meaning
Global Mobility Support
Integrated Wireless Solution
Customized Personal Services
But 5G is beyond that… whatever u could think of can be implement in 5G.