Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.

July 30-1100-CIG-Lizzie Marsters

26 visualizaciones

Publicado el

2019 SWCS International Annual Conference
July 28-31, 2019
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
  • Sé el primero en comentar

  • Sé el primero en recomendar esto

July 30-1100-CIG-Lizzie Marsters

  1. 1. A Forest Bank on the Swinomish Indian Reservation: Payments for climate-smart forest practices July 29, 2019 Lizzie Marsters, Program Director for Forests and Ecosystem Services NRCS
  2. 2. AGENDA Land legacies on the Swinomish Indian Reservation Climate-smart Forestry Why a Forest Bank? Forest Bank Concepts Next Steps
  3. 3. Source: Tribal Nations of Washington Why a Forest Bank?
  4. 4. Land Legacies
  5. 5. Why a Forest Bank? “We make decisions based on our belief that we are as permanent as the soil, and our grandparents’ blood rights and our children’s sovereignty are found in our lands, waters and resources. The decisions we make and actions we take uphold our way of life.” - Brian Cladoosby, Chairman of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Council
  6. 6. Why a Forest Bank? • Implement management activities in a manner that reflects and honors the cultural heritage, spiritual beliefs, and traditional life styles of the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community. • Apply principles of sustainability, as defined herein, and ecosystem management to promote natural diversity and productivity, both now and in the future; • Overcome the legacy of fragmented ownership, practices, and perspectives in the management of forest resources; • Provide for continual improvement and maintenance of healthy, resilient forest resources; • Ensure and improve opportunities for multiple benefits; • Actively engage in the ongoing care and management of forest resources within the Swinomish Indian Reservation. Vision of the Swinomish Tribal Forestry Program
  7. 7. Why a Forest Bank? Inventory and harvest schedule Explore ways to quantify payments for ecosystem services Identify possible revenue streams from Ecosystem Services Forest Bank is funded by ecosystem Services revenue streams Forest Bank subsidizes ecological forest management 1996 2016 Future Management Tribal Owned (Fee + Trust) 1.2% 27.4% Landscape-scale Forest Management PlanIndividually Indian Owned (Trust, excluding Fee) 46.3% 45.5% Non-Indian Owned 52.4% 27%
  8. 8. The Dawes Act of 1887 Source: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Land Legacies
  9. 9. Land Legacies
  10. 10. 1937 Source: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Land Legacies
  11. 11. 1991 Source: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Land Legacies
  12. 12. Land Legacies 2015 Source: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
  13. 13. 2017 Source: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Land Legacies
  14. 14. Climate-smart Forest Practices Business-As-Usual Climate-smart forest practices - Greater revenue at shorter intervals - Shorter rotations - Decreased harvest costs - Increased carbon sequestration (~66,240 – 132,480 tons of CO2 more) - Longer rotations - Increased habitat - Increased green retention - Greater value creation Climate-smart Forestry
  15. 15. Forest Management Principles 1. Keep forestlands in forest use. 2. Apply landscape-scale management across the forest base to achieve and sustain multiple community benefits, including coordination of practices across ownership types. 3. Implement adaptive planning to enhance forest health and productivity by identifying and addressing significant risks to Swinomish forest resources. 4. Manage forested lands sustainably to protect and enhance soils, water quality, fish and wildlife habitat, and cultural uses, and to promote increased carbon sequestration for mitigation of carbon emissions. 5. Provide sustainable opportunities for the production and sale of diverse timber and non-timber resources and products, with emphasis on efficient operations and new opportunities for marketing value-added forest products and emerging sequestration values. 6. Preserve and improve beneficial uses and opportunities for both forest owners and the larger community, including traditional and ceremonial uses, hunting and gathering, allowable harvest and forest products, and recreation. Climate-smart Forestry
  16. 16. OVERSIGHT BODY Allotment Holders Information / Service Provider / Aggregator Transactional Entity Buyer BIA / OST Management Rights Ecosystem Goods and Services Sells Ecosystem Goods and Services $$$$ Payments to Allotment Holders through OST / BIA Annuity Payments $$ Forest Bank Concepts
  17. 17. OVERSIGHT BODY Allotment Holders Information / Service Provider / Aggregator Transactional Entity Buyer BIA / OST Management Rights Ecosystem Goods and Services Sells Ecosystem Goods and Services $$$$ Payments to Allotment Holders through OST / BIA Annuity Payments $$ Forest Bank Concepts
  18. 18. Acquisition Leasehold Timber Deed Conservation Easement Forest Characteristics on Allotted Lands MANAGEMENT RIGHTS “Old Growth” characteristics Long-rotation Forests Carbon Credit Trade Contract Terms Timescale Perpetuity Multiple Rotations (130 yrs +) Deferred Harvest Single Rotation # of Years Defined
  19. 19. OVERSIGHT BODY Allotment Holders Information / Service Provider / Aggregator Transactional Entity Buyer BIA / OST Management Rights Ecosystem Goods and Services Sells Ecosystem Goods and Services $$$$ Payments to Allotment Holders through OST / BIA Annuity Payments $$ Forest Bank Concepts
  20. 20. Tribal Entity Tribal Members ? ? Tribal Landowners Association Section 17 Corporation Tribally Chartered Corporation State Law Corporation State Chartered Limited Liability Corporation (LLC) Elements Governance Ownership Sovereign Immunity Federal Tax Treatment Fed. Approved Owned by Tribe Can confer tribal privileges Not taxable Tribal code Could vary If waived, can be sued Could be taxed off-reservation Board of Directors Could vary If waived, can be sued Can be taxed unless non-profit Corporate Partner Could vary If waived, can be sued Courts haven’t ruled yet Forest Bank Concepts TRANSACTIONAL ENTITY
  21. 21. OVERSIGHT BODY Allotment Holders Information / Service Provider / Aggregator Transactional Entity Buyer BIA / OST Management Rights Ecosystem Goods and Services Sells Ecosystem Goods and Services $$$$ Payments to Allotment Holders through OST / BIA Annuity Payments $$ Forest Bank Concepts
  22. 22. Carbon Offset Revenue Social Cost of Carbon (Casino) Sustainable Timber Harvests Allottees Market Solutions (FSC, Green tags, LOIs) Forest Bank Annuity Payments Management Rights ECOSYSTEM GOODS & SERVICES Revenue Streams Forest Bank Concepts
  23. 23. Beyond Offsets Forest Bank Concepts
  24. 24. • Climate-smart Wood Group • Designers, Architects, large wood consumers (e.g. Google) • Secured 2 letters of interest to purchase wood • Carbon calculator – pay for performance metrics • Preparation FSC Certification • Green tags • % additional carbon sequestered • Improvement to water quality, etc. Market Solutions Forest Bank Concepts
  25. 25. • Forest Field Tour with Swinomish Community Members • Forest Bank financial models and proposed legal entity presented to Environmental & Lands Committee and the Swinomish Tribal Senate • Publication of communication materials Next Steps Next Steps
  26. 26. With generous support from the Natural Resources Conservation Services

×