GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES (GDP).pptx

Northeast frontier technical university
Northeast frontier technical universityTeaching en Northeast frontier technical university
GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES - SAFE
PRESCRIPTION & HANDLING PRACTICE
Presented by
SANJOY CHUNGKRANG
LECTURER
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
North East Frontier Technical University, Aalo, Arunachal Pradesh
DISPENSING
 Dispensing is a process of
preparing and providing prescribed
medications to patients.
 This can occur in various
healthcare settings, such as
pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, and
other medical facilities.
 Dispensing involves accurately
measuring and packaging the
prescribed medications according to
the healthcare provider's instructions
and the specific dosage requirements
for the patients.
GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES
Good Dispensing Practice (GDP) refers to a set of guidelines and
standards designed to ensure the safe, accurate, and consistent
dispensing of medications and other healthcare products to
patients.
Key elements of Good Dispensing Practice include
 Accurate Prescription Handling
 Proper Medication Storage
 Labeling and Packaging
 Patient Counseling
 Safe Handling of Controlled Substances
 Hygiene and Cleanliness
VARIOUS ACTIVITIES INVOLVED IN
DISPENSING
Receiving and confirming order
Checking prescription and interpretation
Verifying and consulting if required
Removing medicines for issue and assembling
Billing and counter checking
Issuing medicines to the client with clear
instructions and counselling
DISPENSING MODULES
Prescription Counter
Waiting Area
Requirements of a good dispensing environment
Barriers, noise and distractions that can affect
dispensing.
DISPENSING ENVIRONMENT
Prescription counter
Ideally Prescription counter should:
 Be accessible to the patients.
 Preferably be separate and in a quite location. If there are
other separate section (e.g. cosmetics, general items, OTC
section), it should be slightly away form them.
 Be clean, orderly attractive, and with an identifying sign or
symbol, which can easily be identified and seen from others
parts of the pharmacy.
 Feedback mechanisms.
Dispensing Environment
Waiting area
An ideal waiting area provide:
 Comfortable chair/places to sit (at least for the
elderly/disabled/sick patient to rest).
 Current popular health magazines, and carefully selected
material related to good health to keep the client
busy/occupied, and prevent boredom while waiting to receive
medicines.
 Pamphlets, and posters related to public, family and other
individual health problems prominently displayed (as the
waiting area could be used as a health education centre).
 Maintain a high standard of cleanliness and hygiene
through regular cleaning and sanitizing.
REQUIREMENT OF A GOOD DISPENSING
ENVIRONMENT
The dispensing environment should:
 Be clean and organized space.
 Proper lighting.
 Temperature and humidity controlled.
 No loud music playing, talking or
television.
 Barcode Scanning and Verification.
 Medication Stock Rotation.
 Have medicines stored in an organized way on shelves.
SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING
PRACTICE
 Patient Safety: The primary reason for adhering to GDP
is to ensure patient safety. Accurate dispensing reduces the
risk of medication errors, which can lead to harmful
consequences for patients, including adverse reactions,
ineffective treatment, or even life-threatening situations.
 Preventing Medication Errors: GDP practices help
minimize the occurrence of medication errors caused by
factors such as illegible prescriptions, incorrect dosing, drug
interactions, or misunderstanding patient instructions.
Effective Treatment: Properly dispensed medications are
essential for achieving the desired treatment outcomes. Incorrect
dosages, substitutions, or interactions can compromise the efficacy
of treatment, affecting patient recovery and well-being.
Professional Reputation: Healthcare institutions and
professionals are judged based on their commitment to patient
safety and quality of care. Adhering to GDP helps maintain a positive
reputation and fosters trust among patients and the broader
healthcare community.
 Minimizing Adverse Events: Accurate dispensing minimizes the
occurrence of adverse drug reactions, allergic responses, and other
unexpected effects that can arise from incorrect medications or
dosages.
SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING
PRACTICE
Healthcare Costs: Medication errors and related adverse
events can lead to increased healthcare costs due to
hospitalizations, additional treatments, and prolonged patient care.
Patient Adherence: Clear instructions and patient counseling
during the dispensing process improve patients' understanding of
their medications, leading to better adherence to prescribed
regimens.
Ethical Responsibility: Healthcare professionals have an
ethical duty to provide safe and effective care to patients. Good
dispensing practices reflect this commitment to patient well-being.
SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING
PRACTICE
SAFE PRESCRIPTION & HANDLING
PRACTICE
PRESCRIPTION :- It is a
written or electronic order
from registered medical
practitioner (Physician) to
directing the pharmacist to
dispense a specific
medication, along with
instructions for its use, to a
specific patient.
STEPS FOLLOWED IN HANDLING OF
PRESCRIPTION
RECEIVING
READING AND CHECKING
COLLECTING AND WEIGHING THE MATERIAL
COMPOUNDING, LABELLING AND PACKING
RECEIVING
Receiving the Prescription as clients come into the pharmacy,
they must be made to feel attended to and comfortable by:
 Friendly gestures
 A smile
 Eye-to-eye contact
 A friendly welcome
 Feeling of caring
Be confident
READING AND CHECKING
 Be alert and concentrate on the
prescription.
 Not engage in talking or chatting.
 Engage/ use his/her professional
experience in assessing the prescription.
 Any doubt, in case of prescribed drugs he/she should discuss
it with senior pharmacist or Physician.
 Because some drugs have almost same sounds Eg:- Aceclo
(Aceclofen) Vs Seclo (Omeprazole), Metlong (Metforming)
Vs Metlog (Metaprolol).
COLLECTING AND WEIGHING THE
MATERIAL
Before
compounding,
All the materials
collected
Left side of the
balance
After weighing,
materials
Shifted
Right side of
the balance
While
compounding,
label of the
stock bottle
Read carefully
To avoid any
error
COMPOUNDING, LABELLING AND
PACKAGING
Compounding Packaging Labelling
• Carried out in
neat and clean
place.
• Equipment-
cleaned and
dried
thoroughly
• Only one
preparation-
compounded at
a time
• Filled in a
suitable
container
• Container-
tightly
closed, free
from
microorgani
sm and
moisture
• Size of label
& container
• Direction to
the patient
• Mode of
administratio
n, direction
for use and
storage
GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES (GDP).pptx
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GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES (GDP).pptx

  • 1. GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES - SAFE PRESCRIPTION & HANDLING PRACTICE Presented by SANJOY CHUNGKRANG LECTURER Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences North East Frontier Technical University, Aalo, Arunachal Pradesh
  • 2. DISPENSING  Dispensing is a process of preparing and providing prescribed medications to patients.  This can occur in various healthcare settings, such as pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, and other medical facilities.  Dispensing involves accurately measuring and packaging the prescribed medications according to the healthcare provider's instructions and the specific dosage requirements for the patients.
  • 3. GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICES Good Dispensing Practice (GDP) refers to a set of guidelines and standards designed to ensure the safe, accurate, and consistent dispensing of medications and other healthcare products to patients. Key elements of Good Dispensing Practice include  Accurate Prescription Handling  Proper Medication Storage  Labeling and Packaging  Patient Counseling  Safe Handling of Controlled Substances  Hygiene and Cleanliness
  • 4. VARIOUS ACTIVITIES INVOLVED IN DISPENSING Receiving and confirming order Checking prescription and interpretation Verifying and consulting if required Removing medicines for issue and assembling Billing and counter checking Issuing medicines to the client with clear instructions and counselling
  • 5. DISPENSING MODULES Prescription Counter Waiting Area Requirements of a good dispensing environment Barriers, noise and distractions that can affect dispensing.
  • 6. DISPENSING ENVIRONMENT Prescription counter Ideally Prescription counter should:  Be accessible to the patients.  Preferably be separate and in a quite location. If there are other separate section (e.g. cosmetics, general items, OTC section), it should be slightly away form them.  Be clean, orderly attractive, and with an identifying sign or symbol, which can easily be identified and seen from others parts of the pharmacy.  Feedback mechanisms.
  • 7. Dispensing Environment Waiting area An ideal waiting area provide:  Comfortable chair/places to sit (at least for the elderly/disabled/sick patient to rest).  Current popular health magazines, and carefully selected material related to good health to keep the client busy/occupied, and prevent boredom while waiting to receive medicines.  Pamphlets, and posters related to public, family and other individual health problems prominently displayed (as the waiting area could be used as a health education centre).  Maintain a high standard of cleanliness and hygiene through regular cleaning and sanitizing.
  • 8. REQUIREMENT OF A GOOD DISPENSING ENVIRONMENT The dispensing environment should:  Be clean and organized space.  Proper lighting.  Temperature and humidity controlled.  No loud music playing, talking or television.  Barcode Scanning and Verification.  Medication Stock Rotation.  Have medicines stored in an organized way on shelves.
  • 9. SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICE  Patient Safety: The primary reason for adhering to GDP is to ensure patient safety. Accurate dispensing reduces the risk of medication errors, which can lead to harmful consequences for patients, including adverse reactions, ineffective treatment, or even life-threatening situations.  Preventing Medication Errors: GDP practices help minimize the occurrence of medication errors caused by factors such as illegible prescriptions, incorrect dosing, drug interactions, or misunderstanding patient instructions.
  • 10. Effective Treatment: Properly dispensed medications are essential for achieving the desired treatment outcomes. Incorrect dosages, substitutions, or interactions can compromise the efficacy of treatment, affecting patient recovery and well-being. Professional Reputation: Healthcare institutions and professionals are judged based on their commitment to patient safety and quality of care. Adhering to GDP helps maintain a positive reputation and fosters trust among patients and the broader healthcare community.  Minimizing Adverse Events: Accurate dispensing minimizes the occurrence of adverse drug reactions, allergic responses, and other unexpected effects that can arise from incorrect medications or dosages. SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICE
  • 11. Healthcare Costs: Medication errors and related adverse events can lead to increased healthcare costs due to hospitalizations, additional treatments, and prolonged patient care. Patient Adherence: Clear instructions and patient counseling during the dispensing process improve patients' understanding of their medications, leading to better adherence to prescribed regimens. Ethical Responsibility: Healthcare professionals have an ethical duty to provide safe and effective care to patients. Good dispensing practices reflect this commitment to patient well-being. SIGNIFICANCE OF GOOD DISPENSING PRACTICE
  • 12. SAFE PRESCRIPTION & HANDLING PRACTICE PRESCRIPTION :- It is a written or electronic order from registered medical practitioner (Physician) to directing the pharmacist to dispense a specific medication, along with instructions for its use, to a specific patient.
  • 13. STEPS FOLLOWED IN HANDLING OF PRESCRIPTION RECEIVING READING AND CHECKING COLLECTING AND WEIGHING THE MATERIAL COMPOUNDING, LABELLING AND PACKING
  • 14. RECEIVING Receiving the Prescription as clients come into the pharmacy, they must be made to feel attended to and comfortable by:  Friendly gestures  A smile  Eye-to-eye contact  A friendly welcome  Feeling of caring Be confident
  • 15. READING AND CHECKING  Be alert and concentrate on the prescription.  Not engage in talking or chatting.  Engage/ use his/her professional experience in assessing the prescription.  Any doubt, in case of prescribed drugs he/she should discuss it with senior pharmacist or Physician.  Because some drugs have almost same sounds Eg:- Aceclo (Aceclofen) Vs Seclo (Omeprazole), Metlong (Metforming) Vs Metlog (Metaprolol).
  • 16. COLLECTING AND WEIGHING THE MATERIAL Before compounding, All the materials collected Left side of the balance After weighing, materials Shifted Right side of the balance While compounding, label of the stock bottle Read carefully To avoid any error
  • 17. COMPOUNDING, LABELLING AND PACKAGING Compounding Packaging Labelling • Carried out in neat and clean place. • Equipment- cleaned and dried thoroughly • Only one preparation- compounded at a time • Filled in a suitable container • Container- tightly closed, free from microorgani sm and moisture • Size of label & container • Direction to the patient • Mode of administratio n, direction for use and storage