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Education on the Blockchain

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Education on the Blockchain

  1. 1. Copyright © 2019 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. Education on the Blockchain Vice President of NPO CCC-TIES Director of Musashi Academy Seishi Ono Moodle Moot 2019 Shizuoka Institute of Science and Technology Friday 1 March 2019
  2. 2. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 2 1. What is a blockchain? 2. What is the point of the blockchain? 3. What is our study for education on the blockchain? Main Topics
  3. 3. Before that … Information for TEIS Symposium at 9 March
  4. 4. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 4 TIES Symposium Date: Sat 9 March 2019. Start at 1:30p.m. Place: 2F Conference Room, Hitotsubashi Hall 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo,
  5. 5. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 5 TIES Synposium Speaker Speaker • Masaaki Isozu@SGE • Tsuneo Yamada@OUJ • Masato Tokuhiro@METI • Syn Tutiya@NIAD • Masumi Hori@CCC-TIES
  6. 6. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 6 Access
  7. 7. Blockchain
  8. 8. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 8 Ledger Blockchain Technology Private key ↓ Public Key ↓ Address Hash previous Nonce Hash previous Nonce User Account 1BitQEtcoxAnViwUYX9k6・・・ 3. Consensus protocols 1. Cryptology 2. P2PNetwork 4. Distributed ledger Tamper-proof Anonymity Authenticity Durability Immutability Transaction Date : 2017-03-01 From : 1BitQtCo・・・ To : 1BitAAbk・・・ Amount : 2500 BTC
  9. 9. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 9 Distributed ledger nsactions an electronic coin as a chain of digital signatures. Each owner transfers the c itally signing a hash of the previous transaction and the public key of the ne these to the end of the coin. A payee can verify the signatures to verify the Transaction Owner 1's Public Key Owner 0's Signature Hash Transaction Owner 2's Public Key Owner 1's Signature Hash Verify Transaction Owner 3's Public Key Owner 2's Signature Hash Verify Owner 2's Private Key Owner 1's Private Key Sign Sign Owner 3's Private Key Satoshi Nakamoto “Bitcoin: A Peer-to- Peer Electronic Cash System “ October, 2008
  10. 10. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 10 Decentralized network
  11. 11. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 11 • First propose by Nick Szabo • Ethereum : a nearly Turing-complete language on the blockchain • Enabling wide application of blockchain Smart contract
  12. 12. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 12 Innovation in the Blockchain Truth Durability Tamper proof Finality Reliable accounting management Large Institute P2PNetwork DecentralizedCentralized Disruptive Innovation Anonymity
  13. 13. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 13 Disruptive Innovation 13 Sustaining innovation • Rules of the game • Market leaders Disruptive innovation • Game changers  Low-end customers with a “good enough” product. →Low-end markets  Disrupters create a market where none existed before →New market From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
  14. 14. Blockchain in the education field
  15. 15. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 15 Paradigm shift of Education Traditional education Education on blockchain study learn Accreditation by an institute Accreditation by all particiants Trust which? Brick & mortar Knowledge Dynamic & updated knowledge
  16. 16. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 16 Learning is earning (SXSW 2016) IFTF,2016, Learning is earning 2026, http://www.learningisearning2026.org Jane McGonigal, 2016, How to Think (and Learn) Like a Futurist, SXSWedu Keynote, https://youtu.be/CKvMmtclUBA Jane McGonigal and Institutional for the Future (IFTF) LEARNING IS EARNING in the national learning economy
  17. 17. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 17 Field of Education Related ICO COINJINJA, https://www.coinjinja.com 2017 2018 Initial Coin Offering(ICO) 2017-2018 Total 39
  18. 18. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 18 Progress Progress of Blockchain’s Application Issuance of transcript Value of Issuance Marketplace for education Value of education Service in MIT Blockcerts (US) SONY(JP) LiveEdu(UK) Tutellus (ES) BitDegree ( LT) α・β version SmartCert (CA) BitSchool(UK) ODEM (CH) NTOK (US) White paper Skillchain (CH) DISCIPLINA(EE) ALGORBLOCK (US) Open University (UK) Seratio (UK) OpenSourceUniversity(UK) Concept Open badges(US) Learning is earning (US) Reward for learner Value of learning
  19. 19. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 19 BitDegree BitDegree, 2017, Bitdegree white paper version2,1 Learning result SMART-INSENTIVE SMART CONTRACT Sponsor StudentBitDegree Platform Grant Accreditation institute Market of learningEmployee Learner Grant Reward Job recruitment Learning Challenge: Accreditation institute can evaluate only traditional learning.
  20. 20. Moodle and blockchain
  21. 21. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 21 • Verification object subclass of Open Badges • Hosted verification • Signed verification • The future subclass of Open Badges • Blockchain-based procedures Open Badges & Blockchain
  22. 22. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 22 Moodle plugin Accredible Certificates and Badges
  23. 23. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 23 • The future plan to install Moodle and Open Badges in blockchain such as Hyperledger • Big challenge for quality assurance of online education • Installing digital badges in Moodle on blockchain Our approach
  24. 24. School, Great wall
  25. 25. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 25 MOOC Only ten universities left in the world in 50 years Sebastian Thrun Figure : CHEA 2013 Summer Workshop
  26. 26. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 26 Teachers are worst obstacles against educational innovation Peter Drucker Challenge against school
  27. 27. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 27  Criticism to standardized educational system  Independence learning  Learning Web Illich: Deschooling society
  28. 28. Disruptive schooling systems
  29. 29. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 29 Scientia donum dei est, unde vendi non potest Knowledge is a gift of God and should not be sold Before Gutenberg
  30. 30. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 30 Manuscripts to Printed books (1450 A.C)  Gain  Selling knowledge  Immobilizing knowledge  Intellectual property right  Lost  Fusing his thoughts to a manuscript  Fluidization knowledge Gutenberg Age
  31. 31. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 31 Aggregation of knowledge  Virtual manuscript  Add knowledge  The power of collective wisdom  Intellectual property management  Fluidization while immobilizing knowledge Post Gutenberg
  32. 32. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 32 11th Century  Vagrant students  University of Bologna  Student’s union 12th Century  Pantheon-Sorbonne University  Teacher’s union  Traditional business model The origin of University
  33. 33. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 33 • Success of university • Immobilizing knowledge 13th Century Thomas Aquinas
  34. 34. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 34 Gain  Efficient informed communication  Communicating stable knowledge  The business model as school Lost  Tailored learning  Leading-edge knowledge Schooling systems
  35. 35. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 35 16th Century Fall of school Everything goes against the progress of knowledge in organizational practices and institutions such as school, academy and college Francis Bacon( 1561-1626 ) フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/フランシス・ベーコン_(哲学者) Berger, Peter L (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: a Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, New York: Anchor.
  36. 36. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 36 Academic in nation-state 1. The idea of Humboldt  Good researchers are good educators 2. Academic freedom’s guarantee  Free from nation’s intervention  Separate from purpose of economic 18th Century Revival of the university
  37. 37. Learning economy
  38. 38. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 38 Creating new markets 38 New market Time Improve knowledge Time Virtual currency Sustainable innovation Disruptive innovation Traditional school Learning economy
  39. 39. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 39 Transformation of Learning and Limits of Online Education 39 •Increase knowledge •Interdisciplinary fields of study •Acceleration of obsolescence Systemized knowledge provided in schools What to learn? Students Motivated people Who learns? Limits of online education  Cost  Function  Contents  Teacher • Youths escaping from learning • Economic and educational gaps • Seniors reducing ability
  40. 40. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 40 Proposal of Learning Economy 40 Change into value Trade Learning outcomes = Knowledge generated by learners =K K Change knowledge into value
  41. 41. 41 Trading with market principles IP (Intellectual property) management of learning outcomes Commercialization of learning outcomes Features of Learning Economy
  42. 42. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 42 Education and Learning Economy 42 Conventional Education • Teacher receives compensation • Teacher provides knowledge • The value of the knowledge is obscure CompensationTeaching Value Learning Economy Value CompensationLearning • Learners receive compensation • Learners create knowledge by themselves • Indexation of the value of knowledge
  43. 43. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 43 Businesses Factor Market Goods & Services Market 43 General Economic Flow of the Market An individual
  44. 44. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 44 Bob Factor Market Goods & Services Market Flow of Knowledge with the Market Economy 44 Alice IP management IP management Blockchain Pictures, images, blogs Manuals Posts experiences on the internet Farming experience Farmer Wants to get into farming Process/Assembly of materials
  45. 45. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 45 45 Posting on the factor market 45 Contents recorded to the blockchain @clip
  46. 46. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 46 Articles put for the factor market The list of articles The factor market Virtual currency Alice’s article
  47. 47. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 47 47 The manual put up for the goods & services market
  48. 48. 48 Advent of intellectualsociety (Drucker, 1969) From industrialized society to knowledge society The learning economy approach (Lundvall et al., 1994) From knowledge accumulationto knowledge updating Deschooling Society (Illich, 1971) The knowledge that school cannot teach Social capital (Field, 2005) Put no contrast between formal and informal learning Is this really education? Education is responding to these topics
  49. 49. Copyright © 2018 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 49 49 Schooling has no future! Add successively as many mail coaches as you please, you will never get a railway thereby. Joseph Schumpeter
  50. 50. Copyright © 2017 CCC-TIES All rights reserved. 50 TIES Symposium 9 March 2019 3月9日13時30分〜 一橋講堂2階 中会議室3,4 東京都千代田区一ツ橋 2-1-2 学術総合センター内

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