Mental Health and Indicators of Mental Health
Warning signs of poor mental health
Ways to improve mental health
Health is a “state of complete physical, mental, social
and spiritual wellbeing, not merely the absence of
disease and infirmity” (WHO)
Mental Health is described as a healthy mind, is a part
of general health. It requires a balance between the
body, mind, and spirit and the environment in which a
Body, mind, spirit
INDICATORS OF POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH
Mary Jahoda, a social psychologist identified six approaches
to positive mental Health
1. A positive attitude towards self
2. Growth, development & self-actualization
5. Perception of reality
6. Environmental Mastery
1. POSITIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS SELF
Positive mental health includes:
Self – confidence & self – reliance
Understanding of ones strength & weakness
A strong sense of personal identity &security
2. GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND SELF
The individual successfully achieves the tasks associated
with each level of development
It is a balance between what is expressed and what is
repressed, between outer and inner conflicts and a
regulation of ones moods & emotions.
Self-determination & independence in decision making
Ability to make choice and accepts responsibilities.
Acceptance of consequence of one’s action, thoughts &
5. PERCEPTION OF REALITY
The person distinguishes fact from fantasy, the real world
from a dream world, and acts accordingly.
Have empathy & social sensitivity
Have respect for the feelings and attitude of others.
6. ENVIRONMENTAL MASTERY
The person should achieve a satisfactory role within the
group, society & environment.
Should be able to deal with loneliness, aggression, &
frustration without being overwhelmed
Should be able to love and accept the love of others.
1. Emotional unstable, easily upset
2. Apprehensive, suspicious& insecure
3. Self critical, empowered with a
feelings of guilt
4. Lack of self confidence and will
5. Inadequate adjustment with self
6. Failure in settings proper level of
7. Suffering from frustrations,
unresolved conflicts, strains,
Lack of decision making ability
Lives in a world of his own
imagination and fantasy
Always remains overanxious and
Lack of enduring power and
Poor self- concept and achievement
Unrealistic attitude towards life and
Always dissatisfied with his
Sleep affects our mood. Over the long term, a lack of quality
sleep can make one more susceptible to low mood. Hence it is
important to make sure that someone maintains a regular sleep
schedule and get enough quality sleep every night.
Morning pages: are a
stream of consciousness
journaling habit done
first thing every morning
on a daily basis.
The idea is to wakeup,
open Morning Journal,
and write three pages of
any thoughts that come
out of ones head.
ACTIVITY TIME PERCENTAGE
Connecting with family and
60 mins 6.25%
Working out 30 - 60 mins 3.12 - 6.25 %
Journaling 15 mins 1.56%
Meditation 10 mins 1.04%
TOTAL 145 mins 15.1%
Note: Excluding 8 hrs. of sleep
Total mins awake: 960 mins = 16 hrs.