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Nordic Green to Scale at Nordregio 2016

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Sitra's Senior Advisor Oras Tynkkynen presented the results from a joint study at the Nordregio forum in Helsinki on 23 November 2016. The study was made with a coalition containing the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra in Finland, the Climate and Air Pollution Group KoL of the Nordic Council of Ministers, the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO) in Norway, Concito in Denmark, Stockholm Environment Institute in Sweden and the University of Iceland Institute for Sustainability Studies in Iceland.

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Nordic Green to Scale at Nordregio 2016

  1. 1. Nordic Green to Scale – Low-Carbon Success Stories to Inspire the World #GreenToScale
  2. 2. How much can we reduce emissions globally if comparable countries achieve by 2030 what some have already achieved today 2Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen How far can we go with what we already have?
  3. 3. 3Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Global Green to Scale study: –12 Gt by 2030 • Sitra worked with institutions from 10 countries • Analysis was carried out by Ecofys • Results were released in DC in November 2015 • The study covers 17 existing solutions from both the global North and the South • Key results • 12 Gt emission reduction by 2030 possible – equal to about 1/4 of current global emissions • costs at most $94 billion – less than 1/5 of direct fossil fuel subsidies • All material available at
  4. 4. 4Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Nordic follow-up project: 15 Nordic solutions • Sitra partnered with institutions from other Nordic countries • Concito, Denmark • Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden • University of Iceland Institute for Sustainability Studies, Iceland • Analysis carried out by Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO) • Funding kindly provided by the Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) • Released in Marrakech, next confirmed events on Dec 14th in Oslo and Feb 7th in Brussels
  5. 5. #GreenToScale
  6. 6. Solutions available for all sectors
  7. 7. 7Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Solutions represent a wide range
  8. 8. 8Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Some solutions actually save money
  9. 9. 9Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Scaling up solutions is affordable
  10. 10. 10Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Climate solutions provide multiple co-benefits
  11. 11. 11Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Cycling in cities
  12. 12. 12Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Combined heat and power production
  13. 13. 13Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Geothermal power
  14. 14. 14Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Electric vehicles
  15. 15. 15Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Residential heat pumps
  16. 16. Project partners selected the solutions based on four criteria: 1) Nordic distinctiveness, 2) proven climate impact, 3) analysis feasibility, 4) scalability. There are many more existing Nordic low-carbon solutions. 16Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen How were the solutions selected?
  17. 17. • Various proven, attractive and affordable low-carbon solutions clearly exist • They are held back by various barriers, such as 1. required up-front investment 2. fossil fuel subsidies and low energy prices 3. lack of awareness and public opposition 4. negative social or environmental impacts, if planned or implemented poorly 17Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen Why are we not doing it already?
  18. 18. • Barriers can be removed, as shown by Nordic and other countries • Countries can remove barriers by introducing 1. incentives to reduce emissions through e.g. pricing carbon 2. mandates and norms 3. clear targets and a predictable regulatory environment 4. information and awareness campaigns 5. social and environmental safeguards 18Sitra • Oras Tynkkynen We can learn from successes in removing barriers
  19. 19. Thank you Twitter @SitraFund #GreenToScale