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What We Need to Know about Ebola

This presentation contains facts about Ebola, one of the most deadly diseases in the world. Feel free to share, download and use this presentation for free.

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What We Need to Know about Ebola

  1. What we need to know about EBOLA www.slideshop.com
  2. WHAT IS EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE (EVD)? Formerly known as Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF), The average EVD case fatality rate. EVD is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. 50% 25% - 90%
  3. HOW WAS THE VIRUS ACQUIRED FROM ANIMALS? chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys Ebolavirus Ecology It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Bats Infected animals Human beings
  4. HOW DOES EBOLA SPREAD THROUGH HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION? Direct contact through broken skin or mucous membranes with the following of infected people: Blood, vomit, sweat, saliva, urine, feces, and other body fluids Contaminated surfaces (e.g door knobs, countertops) Materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) used by infected people
  5. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF EVD? Day 1 5 10 15 20 First symptoms: Secondary symptoms: fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat vomiting, diarrhea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools) Symptoms appear anywhere between two and 21 days after exposure to the virus. Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms.
  6. Supportive care rehydration Oral or intravenous fluids Treatment of specific There is no approved vaccine or medicine available for Ebola, but various therapies are being evaluated. symptoms HOW IS EVD TREATED?
  7. HOW DO WE STOP EBOLA FROM SPREADING? Wildlife-to-human transmission • Avoid eating raw meat of infected animals • Handle animals with gloves and other protective clothing • Cook animal meat thoroughly before eating Human-to-human transmission Outbreak containment measures • Avoid contact with infected people • Use gloves and personal protective equipment when taking care of infected patients • Wash hands thoroughly after hospital visits • Bury the dead safely and promptly • Identify people who may have been in contact with infected patients • Monitor the health of contacts for 21 days • Separate the healthy from the sick to prevent further spread • Maintain good hygiene and clean environment
  8. What we need to know about EBOLA Sources: • http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/ • http://www.vox.com/2014/10/9/6905347/too-afraid-to-ask-about-ebola-virus-outbreak-symptoms • http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/resources/virus-ecology.html
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This presentation contains facts about Ebola, one of the most deadly diseases in the world. Feel free to share, download and use this presentation for free.

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