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Cengage New Perspectives Excel Module 4 - Analyzing and Charting Financial Data

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  1. 1. 1 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel 2016 Module 4: Analyzing and Charting Financial Data
  2. 2. 2 • Use the PMT function to calculate a loan payment • Create an embedded pie chart • Apply styles to a chart • Add data labels to a pie chart • Format a chart legend • Create a clustered column chart • Create a stacked column chart Objectives © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  3. 3. 3 • Create a line chart • Create a combination chart • Format chart elements • Modify the chart’s data source • Create a histogram and Pareto chart • Add sparklines to a worksheet • Format cells with data bars Objectives © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  4. 4. 4 Visual Overview: Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  5. 5. 5 • Excel provides a wide range of financial functions related to loans and investments: • The PMT function can be used to calculate the installment payment and payment schedule required to completely repay a loan • Future value • Present value • Calculating the interest part of a payment • Calculating the principle part of a payment • Loan interest rate Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  6. 6. 6 Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  7. 7. 7 • Cost of a loan to the borrower is largely based on three factors: • Principal: amount of money being loaned • Interest: amount added to the principal by the lender • Time required to repay the loan Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  8. 8. 8 • Using the PMT Function • To calculate the costs associated with a loan, you must have the following information: - The annual interest rate - The number of payment periods per year - The length of the loan in terms of the total number of payment periods - The amount being borrowed - When loan payments are due Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  9. 9. 9 • The syntax of the PMT function is: Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  10. 10. 10 • Charts show trends or relationships in data that are easier to see in a graphic representation rather than viewing the actual numbers or data • Creating a chart is a several-step process: • Selecting the data to display in the chart • Choosing the chart type • Moving the chart to a specific location • Sizing the chart • Formatting the chart’s appearance Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  11. 11. 11 • Selecting a Chart’s Data Source • A data source includes one or more data series and a series of category values • A data series contains the actual values that are plotted on the chart • Category values provide descriptive labels for each data series or data value; usually located in the first column or first row of the data source Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  12. 12. 12 Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  13. 13. 13 • Exploring Chart Types and Subtypes • Excel provides 53 types of charts organized into the 10 categories • Each category includes variations of the same chart type, which are called chart subtypes • You can design your own custom chart types to meet the specific needs of your reports and projects Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  14. 14. 14 • Exploring Chart Types and Subtypes • A pie chart is a chart in the shape of a circle divided into slices like a pie - Each slice represents a single value from a data series - Larger data values are represented with bigger pie slices - The relative sizes of the slices let you visually compare the data values and see how much each contributes to the whole • Pie charts are most effective with six or fewer slices, and when each slice is large enough to view easily Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  15. 15. 15 • Inserting a Pie Chart with the Quick Analysis Tool • After you select an adjacent range to use as a chart’s data source, the Quick Analysis tool appears • The Quick Analysis tool includes a category for creating charts • The CHART category lists recommended chart types—the charts that are most appropriate for the data source you selected Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  16. 16. 16 • Inserting a Pie Chart with the Quick Analysis Tool • Make sure the correct range is selected • Click the Quick Analysis button in the lower-right corner of the selected range • Click the CHARTS category • Click Pie to select the pie chart Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  17. 17. 17 • Moving and Resizing Charts • Excel charts are either placed in their own chart sheets or embedded in a worksheet • When you create a chart, it is embedded in the worksheet that contains the data source • Selecting the chart displays: - A selection box (used to move or resize the chart) - Sizing handles (used to change the chart’s width and height) Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  18. 18. 18 • Every chart contains elements that can be formatted, added to the chart, or removed from the chart • The Chart Elements button is used to add, remove, and format individual elements • When you add or remove a chart element, the other elements resize to fit in the space • Live Preview shows how changing an element will affect the chart’s appearance Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  19. 19. 19 Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  20. 20. 20 • Choosing a Chart Style • When you create a chart, the chart is formatted with a style (a collection of formats) • In the pie chart created, the format of the chart title, the location of the legend, and the colors of the pie slices are all part of the default style • You can quickly change the appearance of a chart by selecting a different style from the Chart Styles gallery • Live Preview shows how a chart style will affect the chart Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  21. 21. 21 • Formatting the Pie Chart Legend • You can fine-tune a chart style by formatting individual chart elements • From the Chart Elements button, you can open a submenu for each element that includes formatting options, such as the element’s location within the chart • You can also open a Format pane, which has more options for formatting the selected chart element • The Chart Elements button also provides access to the Format pane with more design options Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  22. 22. 22 • Formatting Pie Chart Data Labels • Modify the content and appearance of data labels - Move the labels to the center of the pie slices or place them outside of the slices - Set the labels as data callouts - Change the text and number styles used - Drag and drop individual data labels, placing them anywhere within the chart • When a data label is placed far from its pie slice, a leader line is added to connect the data label to its pie slice Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  23. 23. 23 • Setting the Pie Slice Colors • A pie slice is an example of a data marker that represents a single data value from a data series • You can format the appearance of individual data markers to make them stand out from the others • Pie slice colors should be as distinct as possible to avoid confusion • Depending on the printer quality or the monitor resolution, it might be difficult to distinguish between similarly colored slices or data Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  24. 24. 24 • Formatting the Chart Area • The chart’s background (called the chart area) can be formatted using: - Fill colors - Border styles - Special effects such as drop shadows and blurred edges • The chart area fill color used in the pie chart is white, which blends in with the worksheet background Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  25. 25. 25 • A chart is linked to its data source • Changes made to the data source affect the chart; a visual representation of changes • Makes charts a powerful tool for data exploration and what-if analysis • Excel uses chart animation to slow down the effect of changing data source values, making it easier to see how changing one value affects the chart Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  26. 26. 26 • Another type of what-if analysis is to limit the data to a subset of the original values in a process called filtering • Rather than creating a new chart, you can filter an existing chart to only show specific data Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  27. 27. 27 Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  28. 28. 28 • Column chart • Displays values in different categories as columns • Height of each column is based on its value • Bar chart • Column chart turned on its side • Length of each bar is based on its value • Better to use column and bar charts than pie charts when the number of categories is large or the data values are close in value Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  29. 29. 29 • Better to use column and bar charts than pie charts when the: • Number of categories is large • Data values are close in value • Easier to compare height or length than area • Column charts can include several data series • Comparing Column Chart Subtypes • Column and bar charts can display multiple data series • You can plot three data series against one category Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  30. 30. 30 • Comparing Column Chart Subtypes • The clustered column chart displays the data series in separate columns side-by-side so that you can compare the relative heights of the columns The stacked column chart places the data series values within combined columns showing how much is contributed by each series • The 100% stacked column chart makes the same comparison as the stacked column chart except that the stacked sections are expressed as percentages Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  31. 31. 31 • Creating a Clustered Column Chart • Select data source • Select type of chart to create • Move and resize the chart • Change chart’s design, layout, and format by: - Selecting one of the chart styles, or - Formatting individual chart elements Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  32. 32. 32 • Moving a Chart to a Different Worksheet • Can move a chart from one worksheet to another or place the chart in its own chart sheet • In a chart sheet, the chart is enlarged to fill the entire workspace • The Move Chart dialog box provides options for moving charts between worksheets and chart sheets • You can cut and paste a chart between workbooks Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  33. 33. 33 • Changing and Formatting a Chart Title • When a chart has a single data series, the name of the data series is used for the chart title • When a chart has more than one data series, the “Chart Title” placeholder appears as the temporary title of the chart • You can replace the placeholder text with a more descriptive title Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  34. 34. 34 Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  35. 35. 35 Visual Overview: Charts, Sparklines, and Data Bars © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  36. 36. 36 • Line charts are typically used when the data consists of values drawn from categories that follow a sequential order at evenly spaced intervals • Like column charts, a line chart can be used with one or more data series • When multiple data series are included, the data values are plotted on different lines with varying line colors Creating a Line Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  37. 37. 37 • A chart’s vertical and horizontal axes are based on the values in the data series and the category values • In many cases, the axes display the data in the most visually effective and informative way • Sometimes you will want to modify the axes’ scale, add gridlines, and make other changes to better highlight the chart data Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  38. 38. 38 • Editing the Scale of the Vertical Axis • Range of values (scale) of an axis is based on the values in the data source • Vertical (value) axis: range of values in the data • Horizontal (category) axis: category values • Excel divides the scale into regular intervals, marked on the axis with tick marks and labels - More tick marks at smaller intervals could make the chart difficult to read - Fewer tick marks at larger intervals could make the chart less informative Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  39. 39. 39 • Editing the Scale of the Vertical Axis • Major tick marks identify the main units on the chart axis • Minor tick marks identify the smaller intervals between the major tick marks • Some charts involve multiple data series - Plot one data series against a primary axis, which usually appears along the left side of the chart - Plot the other against a secondary axis, which is usually placed on the right side of the chart - The two axes can be based on entirely different scales Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  40. 40. 40 Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  41. 41. 41 • Adding Gridlines • Gridlines are horizontal and vertical lines that help you compare data and category values - Gridlines may or may not appear in a chart - You can add or remove them separately • Gridlines are placed at the major tick marks or can be set to appear at the minor tick marks • The chart style used for the two column charts and the line chart includes horizontal gridlines • You can add vertical gridlines to help further separate one set of values from another Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  42. 42. 42 • Working with Column Widths • You can set the spacing between one column and another in your column charts • You can define the width of the columns Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  43. 43. 43 • Each value from a data series is represented by a data marker: • Individual pie slices in pie charts • Columns in column charts • Points connected by the line in a line chart Formatting Data Markers © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  44. 44. 44 • The plot area includes only that portion of the chart in which the data markers have been placed or plotted • You can format the plot area by changing its fill and borders, and by adding visual effects • Changes to the plot area are often made in conjunction with the chart area Formatting the Plot Area © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  45. 45. 45 Formatting the Plot Area © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  46. 46. 46 • A combination chart combines two chart types within a single chart • Enable you to show two sets of data using the chart type that is best for each data set • Can have data series with vastly different values • You can create dual axis charts, using primary and secondary axes Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  47. 47. 47 Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  48. 48. 48 • Working with Primary and Secondary Axes • When a chart has primary and secondary vertical axes, it is helpful to identify exactly what each axis is measuring • Add an axis title (a descriptive text that appears next to the axis) to the chart • You can add, remove, and format axis titles Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  49. 49. 49 • To modify a Chart’s Data Source: • Click the chart to select it • On the CHART TOOLS DESIGN tab, in the Data group, click the Select Data button • In the Legend Entries (Series) section click the Add button or the Remove button • Click the Edit button in the Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels section to select the category values for the chart Editing a Chart Data Source © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  50. 50. 50 Editing a Chart Data Source © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  51. 51. 51 • Creating a Histogram • Creating a Pareto Chart • Using a Waterfall Chart • Using a Hierarchical Chart Exploring Other Chart Types © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  52. 52. 52 • A sparkline is a chart that is displayed entirely within a worksheet cell • Sparklines are compact in size; don’t include chart elements (legends, titles, or gridlines) • The goal of a sparkline is to convey the maximum amount of information within a very small space • Sparklines are useful when you don’t want charts to overwhelm the rest of your worksheet or take up valuable page space Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  53. 53. 53 • You can create the following three types of sparklines: • A line sparkline for highlighting trends • A column sparkline for column charts • A win/loss sparkline for highlighting positive and negative values • Three types of sparklines: • Line sparkline: Highlights trends • Column sparkline: For column charts • Win/Loss sparkline: Highlights positive and negative values Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  54. 54. 54 Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  55. 55. 55 • Formatting the Sparkline Axis • You can change the scale of the vertical axis • The vertical axis will range from the minimum value to the maximum value • You can change the vertical axis scale to be the same for the related sparklines Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  56. 56. 56 • Working with Sparkline Groups • The sparklines in the location range are part of a single group • Clicking any cell in the location range selects all of the sparklines in the group • Any formatting applied to one sparkline affects all of the sparklines in the group (ensures that the sparklines for related data are formatted consistently) • To format each sparkline differently, you must first ungroup them Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  57. 57. 57 • Conditional format that adds a horizontal bar to background of a cell containing a number • Length based on value of each cell in the range • Dynamic—the lengths of data bars automatically update if cell’s value changes • Modifying a Data Bar Rule • Modify by altering rules of the conditional format Creating Data Bars © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

Descripción

Cengage New Perspectives Excel Module 4 - Analyzing and Charting Financial Data

Transcripción

  1. 1. 1 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel 2016 Module 4: Analyzing and Charting Financial Data
  2. 2. 2 • Use the PMT function to calculate a loan payment • Create an embedded pie chart • Apply styles to a chart • Add data labels to a pie chart • Format a chart legend • Create a clustered column chart • Create a stacked column chart Objectives © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  3. 3. 3 • Create a line chart • Create a combination chart • Format chart elements • Modify the chart’s data source • Create a histogram and Pareto chart • Add sparklines to a worksheet • Format cells with data bars Objectives © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  4. 4. 4 Visual Overview: Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  5. 5. 5 • Excel provides a wide range of financial functions related to loans and investments: • The PMT function can be used to calculate the installment payment and payment schedule required to completely repay a loan • Future value • Present value • Calculating the interest part of a payment • Calculating the principle part of a payment • Loan interest rate Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  6. 6. 6 Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  7. 7. 7 • Cost of a loan to the borrower is largely based on three factors: • Principal: amount of money being loaned • Interest: amount added to the principal by the lender • Time required to repay the loan Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  8. 8. 8 • Using the PMT Function • To calculate the costs associated with a loan, you must have the following information: - The annual interest rate - The number of payment periods per year - The length of the loan in terms of the total number of payment periods - The amount being borrowed - When loan payments are due Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  9. 9. 9 • The syntax of the PMT function is: Introduction to Financial Functions © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  10. 10. 10 • Charts show trends or relationships in data that are easier to see in a graphic representation rather than viewing the actual numbers or data • Creating a chart is a several-step process: • Selecting the data to display in the chart • Choosing the chart type • Moving the chart to a specific location • Sizing the chart • Formatting the chart’s appearance Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  11. 11. 11 • Selecting a Chart’s Data Source • A data source includes one or more data series and a series of category values • A data series contains the actual values that are plotted on the chart • Category values provide descriptive labels for each data series or data value; usually located in the first column or first row of the data source Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  12. 12. 12 Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  13. 13. 13 • Exploring Chart Types and Subtypes • Excel provides 53 types of charts organized into the 10 categories • Each category includes variations of the same chart type, which are called chart subtypes • You can design your own custom chart types to meet the specific needs of your reports and projects Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  14. 14. 14 • Exploring Chart Types and Subtypes • A pie chart is a chart in the shape of a circle divided into slices like a pie - Each slice represents a single value from a data series - Larger data values are represented with bigger pie slices - The relative sizes of the slices let you visually compare the data values and see how much each contributes to the whole • Pie charts are most effective with six or fewer slices, and when each slice is large enough to view easily Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  15. 15. 15 • Inserting a Pie Chart with the Quick Analysis Tool • After you select an adjacent range to use as a chart’s data source, the Quick Analysis tool appears • The Quick Analysis tool includes a category for creating charts • The CHART category lists recommended chart types—the charts that are most appropriate for the data source you selected Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  16. 16. 16 • Inserting a Pie Chart with the Quick Analysis Tool • Make sure the correct range is selected • Click the Quick Analysis button in the lower-right corner of the selected range • Click the CHARTS category • Click Pie to select the pie chart Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  17. 17. 17 • Moving and Resizing Charts • Excel charts are either placed in their own chart sheets or embedded in a worksheet • When you create a chart, it is embedded in the worksheet that contains the data source • Selecting the chart displays: - A selection box (used to move or resize the chart) - Sizing handles (used to change the chart’s width and height) Getting Started with Excel Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  18. 18. 18 • Every chart contains elements that can be formatted, added to the chart, or removed from the chart • The Chart Elements button is used to add, remove, and format individual elements • When you add or remove a chart element, the other elements resize to fit in the space • Live Preview shows how changing an element will affect the chart’s appearance Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  19. 19. 19 Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  20. 20. 20 • Choosing a Chart Style • When you create a chart, the chart is formatted with a style (a collection of formats) • In the pie chart created, the format of the chart title, the location of the legend, and the colors of the pie slices are all part of the default style • You can quickly change the appearance of a chart by selecting a different style from the Chart Styles gallery • Live Preview shows how a chart style will affect the chart Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  21. 21. 21 • Formatting the Pie Chart Legend • You can fine-tune a chart style by formatting individual chart elements • From the Chart Elements button, you can open a submenu for each element that includes formatting options, such as the element’s location within the chart • You can also open a Format pane, which has more options for formatting the selected chart element • The Chart Elements button also provides access to the Format pane with more design options Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  22. 22. 22 • Formatting Pie Chart Data Labels • Modify the content and appearance of data labels - Move the labels to the center of the pie slices or place them outside of the slices - Set the labels as data callouts - Change the text and number styles used - Drag and drop individual data labels, placing them anywhere within the chart • When a data label is placed far from its pie slice, a leader line is added to connect the data label to its pie slice Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  23. 23. 23 • Setting the Pie Slice Colors • A pie slice is an example of a data marker that represents a single data value from a data series • You can format the appearance of individual data markers to make them stand out from the others • Pie slice colors should be as distinct as possible to avoid confusion • Depending on the printer quality or the monitor resolution, it might be difficult to distinguish between similarly colored slices or data Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  24. 24. 24 • Formatting the Chart Area • The chart’s background (called the chart area) can be formatted using: - Fill colors - Border styles - Special effects such as drop shadows and blurred edges • The chart area fill color used in the pie chart is white, which blends in with the worksheet background Working with Chart Elements © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  25. 25. 25 • A chart is linked to its data source • Changes made to the data source affect the chart; a visual representation of changes • Makes charts a powerful tool for data exploration and what-if analysis • Excel uses chart animation to slow down the effect of changing data source values, making it easier to see how changing one value affects the chart Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  26. 26. 26 • Another type of what-if analysis is to limit the data to a subset of the original values in a process called filtering • Rather than creating a new chart, you can filter an existing chart to only show specific data Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  27. 27. 27 Performing What-If Analyses with Charts © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  28. 28. 28 • Column chart • Displays values in different categories as columns • Height of each column is based on its value • Bar chart • Column chart turned on its side • Length of each bar is based on its value • Better to use column and bar charts than pie charts when the number of categories is large or the data values are close in value Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  29. 29. 29 • Better to use column and bar charts than pie charts when the: • Number of categories is large • Data values are close in value • Easier to compare height or length than area • Column charts can include several data series • Comparing Column Chart Subtypes • Column and bar charts can display multiple data series • You can plot three data series against one category Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  30. 30. 30 • Comparing Column Chart Subtypes • The clustered column chart displays the data series in separate columns side-by-side so that you can compare the relative heights of the columns The stacked column chart places the data series values within combined columns showing how much is contributed by each series • The 100% stacked column chart makes the same comparison as the stacked column chart except that the stacked sections are expressed as percentages Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  31. 31. 31 • Creating a Clustered Column Chart • Select data source • Select type of chart to create • Move and resize the chart • Change chart’s design, layout, and format by: - Selecting one of the chart styles, or - Formatting individual chart elements Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  32. 32. 32 • Moving a Chart to a Different Worksheet • Can move a chart from one worksheet to another or place the chart in its own chart sheet • In a chart sheet, the chart is enlarged to fill the entire workspace • The Move Chart dialog box provides options for moving charts between worksheets and chart sheets • You can cut and paste a chart between workbooks Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  33. 33. 33 • Changing and Formatting a Chart Title • When a chart has a single data series, the name of the data series is used for the chart title • When a chart has more than one data series, the “Chart Title” placeholder appears as the temporary title of the chart • You can replace the placeholder text with a more descriptive title Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  34. 34. 34 Creating a Column Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  35. 35. 35 Visual Overview: Charts, Sparklines, and Data Bars © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  36. 36. 36 • Line charts are typically used when the data consists of values drawn from categories that follow a sequential order at evenly spaced intervals • Like column charts, a line chart can be used with one or more data series • When multiple data series are included, the data values are plotted on different lines with varying line colors Creating a Line Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  37. 37. 37 • A chart’s vertical and horizontal axes are based on the values in the data series and the category values • In many cases, the axes display the data in the most visually effective and informative way • Sometimes you will want to modify the axes’ scale, add gridlines, and make other changes to better highlight the chart data Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  38. 38. 38 • Editing the Scale of the Vertical Axis • Range of values (scale) of an axis is based on the values in the data source • Vertical (value) axis: range of values in the data • Horizontal (category) axis: category values • Excel divides the scale into regular intervals, marked on the axis with tick marks and labels - More tick marks at smaller intervals could make the chart difficult to read - Fewer tick marks at larger intervals could make the chart less informative Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  39. 39. 39 • Editing the Scale of the Vertical Axis • Major tick marks identify the main units on the chart axis • Minor tick marks identify the smaller intervals between the major tick marks • Some charts involve multiple data series - Plot one data series against a primary axis, which usually appears along the left side of the chart - Plot the other against a secondary axis, which is usually placed on the right side of the chart - The two axes can be based on entirely different scales Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  40. 40. 40 Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  41. 41. 41 • Adding Gridlines • Gridlines are horizontal and vertical lines that help you compare data and category values - Gridlines may or may not appear in a chart - You can add or remove them separately • Gridlines are placed at the major tick marks or can be set to appear at the minor tick marks • The chart style used for the two column charts and the line chart includes horizontal gridlines • You can add vertical gridlines to help further separate one set of values from another Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  42. 42. 42 • Working with Column Widths • You can set the spacing between one column and another in your column charts • You can define the width of the columns Working with Axes and Gridlines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  43. 43. 43 • Each value from a data series is represented by a data marker: • Individual pie slices in pie charts • Columns in column charts • Points connected by the line in a line chart Formatting Data Markers © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  44. 44. 44 • The plot area includes only that portion of the chart in which the data markers have been placed or plotted • You can format the plot area by changing its fill and borders, and by adding visual effects • Changes to the plot area are often made in conjunction with the chart area Formatting the Plot Area © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  45. 45. 45 Formatting the Plot Area © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  46. 46. 46 • A combination chart combines two chart types within a single chart • Enable you to show two sets of data using the chart type that is best for each data set • Can have data series with vastly different values • You can create dual axis charts, using primary and secondary axes Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  47. 47. 47 Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  48. 48. 48 • Working with Primary and Secondary Axes • When a chart has primary and secondary vertical axes, it is helpful to identify exactly what each axis is measuring • Add an axis title (a descriptive text that appears next to the axis) to the chart • You can add, remove, and format axis titles Creating a Combination Chart © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  49. 49. 49 • To modify a Chart’s Data Source: • Click the chart to select it • On the CHART TOOLS DESIGN tab, in the Data group, click the Select Data button • In the Legend Entries (Series) section click the Add button or the Remove button • Click the Edit button in the Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels section to select the category values for the chart Editing a Chart Data Source © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  50. 50. 50 Editing a Chart Data Source © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  51. 51. 51 • Creating a Histogram • Creating a Pareto Chart • Using a Waterfall Chart • Using a Hierarchical Chart Exploring Other Chart Types © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  52. 52. 52 • A sparkline is a chart that is displayed entirely within a worksheet cell • Sparklines are compact in size; don’t include chart elements (legends, titles, or gridlines) • The goal of a sparkline is to convey the maximum amount of information within a very small space • Sparklines are useful when you don’t want charts to overwhelm the rest of your worksheet or take up valuable page space Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  53. 53. 53 • You can create the following three types of sparklines: • A line sparkline for highlighting trends • A column sparkline for column charts • A win/loss sparkline for highlighting positive and negative values • Three types of sparklines: • Line sparkline: Highlights trends • Column sparkline: For column charts • Win/Loss sparkline: Highlights positive and negative values Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  54. 54. 54 Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  55. 55. 55 • Formatting the Sparkline Axis • You can change the scale of the vertical axis • The vertical axis will range from the minimum value to the maximum value • You can change the vertical axis scale to be the same for the related sparklines Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  56. 56. 56 • Working with Sparkline Groups • The sparklines in the location range are part of a single group • Clicking any cell in the location range selects all of the sparklines in the group • Any formatting applied to one sparkline affects all of the sparklines in the group (ensures that the sparklines for related data are formatted consistently) • To format each sparkline differently, you must first ungroup them Creating Sparklines © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.
  57. 57. 57 • Conditional format that adds a horizontal bar to background of a cell containing a number • Length based on value of each cell in the range • Dynamic—the lengths of data bars automatically update if cell’s value changes • Modifying a Data Bar Rule • Modify by altering rules of the conditional format Creating Data Bars © 2017 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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