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The programme continues on the basis of the projects from the 2004-2009 period.Capacity building at the meso-level (regional teacher training colleges) is the way to improve the quality of education and training in selected fields.Regional teacher training colleges train future lower secondary school teachers. RTTC Kandal has approx. 400 students of whom approx. 120 study a science subject.
In Cambodia earth science is a different subject from geography. Earth science comprises cosmography, meteorology, geology, geomorphology and some elements of enviromental science.
Teachers from practice schools
See separate hand-outs
Introduction SEAL programme
VVOB Education Program 2008-2013 Visit Maria Instituut, Flanders October 22, 2012
Outline presentation1. VVOB in a Nutshell2. Education in Cambodia3. SEAL Programme
Education in Cambodia: background data87% of children Only 35% of pupilscompletes Low incomes, mostly starts with secondaryprimary from small-scale education.(7) Only 13%education(3) agricultural activities. completes it. (8)16% of youth (ages Large differences in17-22) had less quality and accessibility More than 70% ofthan 4 years of between urban and population dependsschooling(1). Up to rural areas on agriculture for47% in remote 34% of children survivalareas. start primary education late (6) Large classes. 28 % of Pupil:Teacher ratio population lives Average life of 48 pupils in from less than expectancy is 63 primary 1usd/day(2) years.(5) education(4).
Poverty in Cambodia Low schooling rate Lack of technical skills High drop-out rate in basic education Low salary Insufficient Low quality of household education income to affordLoss of schoolinglabour force Low Lack of Lack of relevance of methodological attention for Informal costs skills & generic skills education materials
Education Structure in Cambodia Universities & Colleges 24 Age 23 Higher Education 22 21 20 Teacher Training 19 18 Entrance Ex. 17 Upper Grade 12 16 Sec. Grade 11 15 Lower Sec. Grade 10National 14 Grade 9Exam 13 Grade 8 Basic Education 12 Grade 7 11 Grade 6 9+2 and Primary Ed. 10 Grade 5 9 Grade 4 12 + 2 8 Grade 3 7 Grade 2 6 Grade 1 Kinderga 5 Class 3 rten 4 Class 2 3 Class 1
Teacher Training in CambodiaTeacher training for primaryeducation 18 Provincial Teacher Training Colleges (PTTC)(2 years)Teacher training for lowersecondary education 6 Regional Teacher Training Colleges (RTTC)(2 years)Teacher training for uppersecondary education 1 National Institute of Education (NIE)(1 year)Teacher training for technical& vocational education 1 National Technical Training Institute(1 jaar) (NTTI)
VVOB in Cambodia Quality improvement of education and training in VVOB developing countries2004 – 2009 2008 – 2013 Capacity Building TTC •Learner Centered •Education (SEAL) Methodology •Agriculture Extension (IMAGE) •Math & Physics •Open Resource Center •School Health
SEAL ProgrammeSEAL = Science, Environmental & Agricultural Life skills “Improvement of the pre-service teacher training for Science education, and Environmental/Agricultural Life skills at Teacher Training Colleges”
SEAL Programme Improvement of Teacher Training for Basic EducationLife skills Life Skills Science(Environment) (Agriculture) ICT