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Bringing moral economy into the study of land deals: reflections from Madagascar

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19 March 2019, Institute of Development Studies
Seminar organised by the Resource Politics and Rural Futures Clusters, in association with the STEPS Centre’s PASTRES project

Speaker: Mathilde Gingembre

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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Bringing moral economy into the study of land deals: reflections from Madagascar

  1. 1. Bringing moral economy into the study of land deals Reflections from Madagascar Mathilde GINGEMBRE
  2. 2. Tozzi Green Agribusiness Project (jatropha and flexcrops) Ihorombe plateau, Madagascar
  3. 3. Tozzi Green’s first lease (2012) on 15 non-contiguous tracts (6,500 ha)
  4. 4. Village politics of land deals Contrasted perspectives: From enthusiasm to concern Disagreeing over who has rights to the land Contrasted responses: from resignation to resistance
  5. 5. Subsistence right The moral economy of land deals Respect for people’s voices on their ancestral land Obligations of reciprocity
  6. 6. Subsistence right in a region of extensive agropastoralism
  7. 7. Subsistence right in a context of unmechanised agriculture: need for cattle corridors for the hitsaky
  8. 8. Subsistence right in a context of demographic and climatic pressures on land
  9. 9. ‘Before we used to graze to the west of our hamlet, but now there is jatropha on both sides of the road, so we can’t go through. Now we only have the east of the village left to graze but the problem is that there are more and more rice paddies as well there so we don’t really have any grassland left to take the cattle to’ (Marcel, Antranohazo Voroka, 16/02/2014) Subsistence right: requiring measure
  10. 10. ‘One day I bumped into one of the foreigners so I told them: ‘How can we have a good relationship with you when we’ve asked to keep some of our land and you don’t do it? It doesn’t work like that?’ (Jonah, Analamary, 09/04/2014) Respect for their voices
  11. 11. Respect for their ancestors’ power on the land Ceremony of tsipirano
  12. 12. Obligations of reciprocity ‘It’s really a big problem for us to have their plantations there. But do foreigners think it’s easy to raise cattle? There is always a risk that they might escape if we don’t wake up during the night to check on them. And that’s not only when it’s raining that they try and escape. Now with the jatropha there, we really have to keep a close eye on them all the time’
  13. 13. ‘The salary wasn’t satisfactory. Even those 12-13 year old boys over there weren’t happy but we didn’t have any choice. The tasks took us at least one full day of work and for that, we were only paid 3,000 Ar (less than 1£)’. Obligations of reciprocity
  14. 14. Resisting the de-moralising of land deals