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Innovation, Sustainability, Development:
            A New Manifesto


                     Dr. Adrian Ely
          SPRU ...
History:

- Commissioned by UN

- Written by the Sussex Group:
Hans Singer (chair), Geoff Oldham,
Charles Cooper, R.C. Des...
SPRU’s Critique of “The Limits to Growth“

Freeman et al (1973) “Models of Doom”


Technology, values and politics are as ...
“Innovation for Development: Converting
             Knowledge to Value”

What is “value” when associated with innovation?...
A “3D” Agenda

Directionality – of pathways towards specific Sustainability
objectives.

Distribution – more equitable dis...
space of technological
                                                                  possibilities




               ...
space of technological
                                                   possibilities




                              ...
space of technological
                                                    possibilities




                             ...
space of technological
                                                       possibilities




                          ...
space of technological
                                                              possibilities




                   ...
space of technological
                                                        possibilities




                         ...
Elements of the Manifesto project

Background papers – identifying and engaging with current debates

•A Historical Review...
Elements of the Manifesto project

Domain papers – linking these debates to sectoral problems

• Food and Agriculture
• He...
Elements of the Manifesto project
New Manifesto Seminars

Annual STEPS Symposium, 24th September 2009

Round table events
...
Launch May 2010
• multimedia manifesto – a living document
• focus on putting the manifesto recommendations into action,

...
http://www.steps-centre.org/manifesto/
Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto by Adrian Ely
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Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto by Adrian Ely

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This presentation on the Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto project was given by Adrian Ely, of the STEPS Centre and SPRU on 28 January 2009 at the joint OECD-UNESCO International Workshop on Innovation for Development: Converting Knowledge to Value. The event was held at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

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Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto by Adrian Ely

  1. 1. Innovation, Sustainability, Development: A New Manifesto Dr. Adrian Ely SPRU – Science and Technology Policy University of Sussex, UK “Innovation for Development: Converting Knowledge to Value”, 28th January 2009
  2. 2. History: - Commissioned by UN - Written by the Sussex Group: Hans Singer (chair), Geoff Oldham, Charles Cooper, R.C. Desai, Christopher Freeman, Oscar Gish and Stephen Hill - Impact in UN circles, design of IDRC, used in teaching
  3. 3. SPRU’s Critique of “The Limits to Growth“ Freeman et al (1973) “Models of Doom” Technology, values and politics are as important as the growth/no growth debate, but are neglected areas of analysis. “Some types of growth are quite consistent not merely with conservation of the environment, but with its enhancement. The problem, in our view, is a socio-political one of stimulating this type of growth and of more equitable distribution, both between countries and within them.” Freeman (1973) in “Models of Doom”
  4. 4. “Innovation for Development: Converting Knowledge to Value” What is “value” when associated with innovation? - “Innovation” in economics has traditionally been linked to economic growth, competitiveness (monetary value)… but is that all? How do we deal with multiple and divergent values? - universalised views neglect the importance of culture and context Ideas of “value” differ with knowledge, experience and world view (as do those of “sustainability”)
  5. 5. A “3D” Agenda Directionality – of pathways towards specific Sustainability objectives. Distribution – more equitable distribution of benefits, costs and risks associated with innovation. Diversity – in socio-technical systems, in order to build robust and resilient systems, mitigate lock-in and cater for seemingly irreconcilable perspectives on value and sustainability.
  6. 6. space of technological possibilities time conventional ‘linear’ understandings of technology change still prevail in mainstream UK/EU technology governance e.g. “For the objectives of the Lisbon Strategy to be properly attained … pro-innovation action [is] a priority.” - European Parliament, 2006 e.g. “history is a race to advance technology” - UK Royal Academy of Engineering
  7. 7. space of technological possibilities time Innovation as optimisation Constrained by science, technical convergence and market equilibrium - yields ‘optimal’ technological configurations
  8. 8. space of technological possibilities time Literature describes many examples of momentum/path-dependence/ ‘lock-in’ to sometimes poor choices: VHS/ betamax Qwerty keyboards Urban transport
  9. 9. space of technological possibilities time - politics of direction underlies many technological debates eg: industrial agriculture / LEISA centralised thermal power / distributed renewable energy private urban automobiles / integrated public transportation IP-driven pharmaceuticals / preventive open-source public health
  10. 10. space of technological possibilities time - Negative impacts of technology change typically bear most acutely on the least powerful social groups - Closure on particular paths often reflects incumbent interests and excludes others - compounds disempowerment, disappropriation Determines the distribution of benefits, costs and risks from innovation
  11. 11. space of technological possibilities time Importance of diversity in socio-techno-ecological systems - Mitigates lock-in - Fosters continuous innovation - Hedges against ignorance - Accommodates plurality of values
  12. 12. Elements of the Manifesto project Background papers – identifying and engaging with current debates •A Historical Review of UN Initiatives (Esha Shah) •Innovation capabilities and directions of development (Martin Bell) •Innovation Systems – evolving ideas and limitations in practice (Martin Bell) •The Global Redistribution of Innovative Activities (Adrian Ely) •Silver bullets, grand challenges and the new philanthropy (Sally Brooks) •Centres of Excellence (Linda Waldman) •Private Sector Innovation (Adrian Ely) •Emerging Technologies and International Foresight (Paddy Van Zwanenberg)
  13. 13. Elements of the Manifesto project Domain papers – linking these debates to sectoral problems • Food and Agriculture • Health and Disease • Water and Sanitation • Energy
  14. 14. Elements of the Manifesto project New Manifesto Seminars Annual STEPS Symposium, 24th September 2009 Round table events Partners - Practical Action and Tribhuvan University, Nepal African Centre for Technology Studies, Kenya Tsinghua University, Beijing Intstituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Scientificas TU Delft, Netherlands Fundacion Este Pais, Mexico
  15. 15. Launch May 2010 • multimedia manifesto – a living document • focus on putting the manifesto recommendations into action, Messages for this workshop • Innovation strategies at regional, national or global levels must incorporate considerations of direction as well as rate. • Approaches to opening up the processes influencing this directionality must be further developed and mainstreamed.
  16. 16. http://www.steps-centre.org/manifesto/

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