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Open Access & Scientific Publishing

This PPT is discussing about Open Access (OA) and the impact of OA on Scientific Publishing. It advocates towards OA Platforms for research publications. It promotes Self Archiving.

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Open Access & Scientific Publishing

  1. 1. 29/08/2020 DR. SUDIPTA BISWAS L I BRARI AN, R AM A K R I S H N A M I S S I O N V I V E K AN AN D A C E N T E N ARY C O L L E G E , RAH AR A , KO L KATA- 700118, I NDI A. Open Access & Scientific Publication
  2. 2. What is open access?  “Open access (OA) refers to research outputs which are distributed online and free of cost or other barriers, and possibly with the addition of a Creative Commons license to promote reuse. ◦ Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer- reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses, book chapters, and monographs.” ~ Wikipedia
  3. 3. ~
  4. 4. UNESCO’s Introduction to Open Access
  5. 5. Enabling OA … Funders Open access policies and mandates Institutions Open access policies and repositories Publishers Implementing open access options for researchers Researchers Being encouraged to publish research output open access Governments Open access policies and mandates Readers Looking for additional ways to read research content
  6. 6. Copyright is a legal right, existing in many countries, that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others ~ Wikipedia Copyright
  7. 7.  A public license or public copyright license is a license by which a copyright holder as licensor can grant additional copyright permissions to any and all persons in the general public as licensees. ~ Wikipedia Public Copyright License
  8. 8. Examples of Public Copyright Licenses ~ Wikipedia
  9. 9.  A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.  A CC license is used when an author wants to give people the right to share, use, and build upon a work that they have created. ~ Wikipedia Creative Commons License
  10. 10.  Creative Commons (CC) is an internationally active non-profit organization that provides free licenses for creators to use when making their work available to the public. These licenses help the creator to give permission for others to use the work in advance under certain conditions. What Is Creative Commons?
  11. 11. All rights reserved Some rights reserved
  12. 12. CC Terms & Licences
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Range of distribution mechanisms and business models of Open Access  Self-archiving  Open access journal  Hybrid open-access journal
  15. 15. Self Archiving  Self-archiving is the act of an author depositing a free copy of an electronic document online in order to provide open access to it. [Harnad, S. (2001). "The Self-Archiving Initiative". Nature 410 (6832): 1024–1025. doi:10.1038/35074210 ]
  16. 16. Green Road to Open Access  Self-archiving, also called ‘green open access’ refers to authors archiving their articles in an institutional repository or a subject repository  Green open access journal publishers allow authors to self-archiving their publications to institutional repositories
  17. 17. Gold Route to Open Access  The author or author’s institution or the research project funding agency pay a fee to the publisher at publication time to make the publication available 'free' at the point of access (the 'gold' route).
  18. 18. ~
  19. 19. Platinum & Diamond Open Access  “Open access journal funded by an academic institution, learned society or a government information center (no publication fees are paid by authors) - platinum, diamond” ~ Wikipedia ◦ Essentially, Diamond OA is a form of Gold OA that does not include a requirement for authors to pay article processing charges. ~Scholarly Kitchen ◦ Platinum (also known as sponsored or diamond) open access journals allow immediate access to the content of the journal without the payment of a subscription fee or licence. Authors pay no article publication charge and all the costs of publishing the journal are met by one or more sponsoring organizations. ~ Publishing Support
  20. 20. Open access journal  Full open access journals with all content open access;  Hybrid open access journals where only some of the content is open access  Delayed open access journals where the content is made open access after a delay (e.g. 12 or 24 months i.e. an embargo period. This is mostly the case with thesis and dissertations).
  21. 21. ~ ~
  22. 22. A predatory publisher is an opportunistic publishing venue that exploits the academic need to publish but offers little reward for those using their services. ~
  23. 23. How to Identify? ~
  24. 24. Why researchers publish in predatory journals?  The academic "publish or perish" scenario.  In research environments, there is usually more value for quantity over quality.  Hiring and promotion of academics is based largely on their number of publications.  Predatory journals has helped many pseudo-researchers to prosper.
  25. 25. What to do?
  26. 26. ~
  27. 27. ~
  28. 28. ~
  29. 29. ~
  30. 30. Treading Open Path  When authors prefer to self-archive their past publications, they should be careful whether the publishers who published their publications would allow them to do so  Sherpa sites exactly addresses these issues
  31. 31. SHERPA  Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access (SHERPA)  SHERPA project was started in 2002  Supported by Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and Consortium of University Research Laboratories (CURL)  26 institutions including British Library  University of Nottingham (lead)  GNU E-prints, D-Space
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  37. 37. Thank You

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  • SudiptaBiswas3

    Aug. 31, 2020
  • ManojKumar6061

    Oct. 3, 2020

This PPT is discussing about Open Access (OA) and the impact of OA on Scientific Publishing. It advocates towards OA Platforms for research publications. It promotes Self Archiving.


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