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Words to describe people.pptx

  1. Words to describe people Several ways to describe people on some basis like •Work they do •The language they speak •The place they belong to •Their families and communities. •Cultural practices There are some words used for people in Rigveda.
  2. • Two groups described according to their work. 1. Priests(brahmins) 2. Rajas (Not rajas like we read later) • Two words used to describe people or community as a whole. 1. JANA 2. VISH Reference:- Puru jana or vish, the bharat jana or vish, the yadu jana or vish etc.
  3. • People who composed hymns described themselves as Aryas. • Opponents :- Dasas or Dasyus(who didn’t perform sacrifices and spoke different languages ) • Dasa and dasi came to mean as slave. • Who are slaves? • Rigveda was being composed in North west area and What about other areas?
  4. Silent sentinels – Story of Megaliths • Mega means Big and lith means stone • It is a burial sites • Stone Boulders • Stones used to mark the Burial sites. • The practice of erecting This megalithic began About 3000 years ago. • Deccan, South India, North East and Kashmir.
  5. Megalithic Sites • Megaliths can be seen by so many ways. 1. On Earth Surface 2. Under Ground 3. Circle of stone boulders or one big stone standing on ground. ( indication of burials.)
  6. Features of Burials • Dead were buried with distinctive pots called red and black ware. • Tools and weapons of Iron, Skeleton of horses • Horse equipment, ornaments of gold and stones. • Social differences were there because different and more things were found with dead bodies
  7. Brahmgiri • One skeleton was buried with 33 gold beads, 4copper bangles, 1 conch shell • Other skeleton was buried with only few pots. • There was differences in people’s status- • rich, poor, chiefs, followers.
  8. Burial Spots meant for families? • Sometimes Megalith contain more than one skeleton. • Stone circles or boulders were considered as sign posts to find burial site. • Whenever they want they can return to that spot for burying dead bodies. • The bodies of those who died later were brought into the graves through portholes.
  9. Special Burial at Inamgaon • Site on river Ghod, a tributary of bhima. • Activities or things started around 3600 and 2700 years ago. • Adult buried in the ground- straight, head towards north. • Some burials found within the houses with vessels containing food and water. • A man body was found in the courtyard of five rooms at centre with four legged clay jar and in cross legged position
  10. What skeleton Studies Tells Us? • It is easy to identify skeleton of an adult and a child. • Can we identify whether the skeleton was that of a man or woman. • Sometimes people decide on the basis of what is found with the skeleton :- Jewellery (problem with this). • By bone structure of the skeleton it was better way to figure out the sex of a skeleton.
  11. • The hip or pelvic area of women is generally larger to enable child bearing. • These distinctions based on modern skeletal studies.
  12. • About 2000 years, ago. • A Physician :- Charaka • Wrote a book on medicine. • Human body has 360 bones. • But according to modern anatomy it is much larger. • Charaka arrived at this figure by counting teeth, joints and cartilage
  13. Occupation at Inamgaon • Archaeologists have found Seeds of Wheat, Barley, rice, pulses, sesame, millets, peas, have found. Farming • Bones found… of animals with cut marks have found. Hunters and Gatherers. Cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, dog, horse, ass, pig, sambhar, spotted dear, black buck, antelope, hare, mongoose, birds, crocodile, turtle, crab, fish. • Fruits- ber, amla, jamun, dates, variety of berries were collected.
  14. H.W. • Read elsewhere and what skeletal studies tell us.