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Collaborative classroom

is a technique for students and teachers as well. Teacher as a facilitator can create a learning situation in which they can engage themselves through active participation. Therefore teachers can adopt the technique for effective and meaningful learning.

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Collaborative classroom

  1. 1. Collaborative classroom Characteristics and advantages 1Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  2. 2. Meaning:  A collaborative classroom is a place where students learn to work together. Also, the purposes of these are to plan, maintain and implement a successful teaching program.  Due to the diverse cultural and educational needs, it has become an important part of the classroom. Besides, it’s based on the latest research in education. 2Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  3. 3.  In simple words, Collaborative learning teaches students to work together.  Also, it helps to put into practice the teaching program. In today’s world, students must learn to be collaborative.  So, they can improve their knowledge and learning.  Collaborative learning is an activity that puts emphasis on group learning.  It arranges the classroom seating’s into groups.  The groups are provided many services so they can work in collaboration. 3Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  4. 4. Elements of collaborative classroom:  Classroom plan  Choosing a work surface  Taking advantage of space 4Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  5. 5. Classroom plan:  First of all, decide the activities you want in your classroom. After that, consider the possible layout that will ease those activities. Also, keep in mind that the students of a group can make eye contact with each other. Teachers can choose any seating options.  The main aim of this is to emphasize topic related chat among the group. And also is to reduce space between the groups. 5Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  6. 6. Choosing work space:  The possibilities of the work surface are endless. They include papers, tablets, post-it; stick a note, etc. and many more. Also, changing surface is a helpful way to ease learning. Besides, the group has to write their rough ideas about what they have learned? In addition, they have to copy it in their notebooks or have to take a picture.  The writing surface can be chalkboards, desks, dry rub-out tables, etc. and several other creative options. 6Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  7. 7. Taking advantage of books:  change the layout of class if possible. Also, if your school campus has a larger space then teaches students outside for a change. You can also cover windows with whiteboards for students to be creative. Try to make the class more close to nature. 7Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  8. 8. Characteristics of collaborative classroom: 1. Shared knowledge among teachers and students: The teacher has vital knowledge about content, skills, and instruction, and still provides that information to students. However, collaborative teachers also value and build upon the knowledge, personal experiences, language, strategies, and culture that students bring to the learning situation. 8Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  9. 9. 2. Shared authority among teachers and students: In collaborative classrooms, teachers share authority with students in very specific ways. In most traditional classrooms, the teacher is largely, if not exclusively, responsible for setting goals, designing learning tasks, and assessing what is learned. Collaborative teachers differ in that they invite students to set specific goals within the framework of what is being taught, provide options for activities and assignments that capture different student interests and goals, and encourage students to assess what they learn. Dr. Sushma N Jogan 9
  10. 10. Suppose, for example, the students have just read a chapter on colonial America and are required to prepare a product on the topic. While a more traditional teacher might ask all students to write a ten-page essay, the collaborative teacher might ask students to define the product themselves. Some could plan a videotape; some could dramatize events in colonial America; others could investigate original sources that support or do not support the textbook chapter and draw comparisons among them; and some could write a ten-page paper. The point here is twofold: (1) students have opportunities to ask and investigate questions of personal interest, and (2) they have a voice in the decision-making process. These opportunities are essential for both self-regulated learning and motivation. Dr. Sushma N Jogan 10
  11. 11. 3. Teachers as mediators: As knowledge and authority are shared among teachers and students, the role of the teacher increasingly emphasizes mediated learning. Successful mediation helps students connect new information to their experiences and to learning in other areas, helps students figure out what to do when they are stumped, and helps them learn how to learn. Above all, the teacher as mediator adjusts the level of information and support so as to maximize the ability to take responsibility for learning. This characteristic of collaborative classrooms is so important, we devote a whole section to it below. 11Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  12. 12. 4. Grouping of students: In collaborative classrooms where students are engaged in a thinking curriculum, everyone learns from everyone else, and no student is deprived of this opportunity for making contributions and appreciating the contributions of others. 12Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  13. 13. Thus, shared knowledge and authority, mediated learning, and heterogeneous groups of students are essential characteristics of collaborative classrooms. These characteristics, which are elaborated above, necessitate new roles for teachers and students that lead to interactions different from those in more traditional classrooms. Dr. Sushma N Jogan 13
  14. 14. Role of teachers in collaborative classroom: 1. Facilitator facilitating:  creating rich environments  activities for linking new information to prior knowledge  Opportunities for collaborative work  problem solving  offering multiplicity of authentic learning tasks. 14Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  15. 15. Role of teachers in collaborative classroom: 1. Facilitator facilitating: another way to facilitate is  to establish classrooms with diverse and flexible social structures  influencing group attitudes  roles such as team leader, encourager, reteller, recorder and spokesperson  to facilitate high quality group interaction, teachers may need to teach and students may need to practice, rules and functions for group interaction. 15Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  16. 16. Role of teachers in collaborative classroom: 2. Model:  serves to share with students not only what one is thinking about the content to be learned, but also the process of communication and collaborative learning.  it may involve thinking aloud or demonstrating.  teachers may share their thinking about the various roles, rules, and relationships in collaborative classrooms. 16Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  17. 17. Role of teachers in collaborative classroom: 2. Model:  A teacher might model what he or she thinks about such questions as how to manage the group's time or how to achieve consensus.  Similarly, showing students how to think through tough group situations and problems of communication is as invaluable as modeling how to plan an approach to an academic problem, monitoring its progress, and assessing what was learned. 17Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  18. 18. Role of teachers in collaborative classroom: 3. Coach:  Coaching involves giving hints/cues, providing feedback, redirecting students’ efforts and helping them use a strategy.  a major principle of coaching is to provide the right amount of help when students need it neither too much nor too little so that students retain as much responsibility as possible for their own learning. 18Dr. Sushma N Jogan
  19. 19. Advantages of collaborative classroom: 1. Enhance problem-solving skills- sharing and re-evaluate their views and come to conclusions. 2. Inspires critical thinking- interpretation of ideas and assessment of other student’s thoughts and views. 3. improves social interactions and supports diversity- different groups to exchange ideas 4. Aid the development of self-management skills- good decision maker 5. Development of oral communication skills- receiving feedback and sharing 6. Fosters the development of interpersonal relationships- how to relate with one another 7. helps in assessment 19Dr. Sushma N Jogan

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