•Automaton refers to Automation
•A system where energy and information are transferred
and used for performing function without human
involvement called Automaton
•Automaton is nothing but a machine which accepts the
strings of a language L over an input alphabet Σ.
•There are four different types of Automata that are
mostly used in the theory of computation (TOC). These
are as follows −
1. Finite-state machine (FSM).
2. Pushdown automata (PDA).
3. Linear-bounded automata (LBA).
4. Turing machine (TM). Prof.S.R.Pawar
Finite automata are used to recognize patterns.
It takes the string of symbol as input and changes its state
When the desired symbol is found, then the transition occurs.
At the time of transition, the automata can either move to the
next state or stay in the same state.
Finite automata have two states, Accept state or Reject state.
When the input string is processed successfully, and the
automata reached its final state, then it will accept
Applications of Finite Automata (FA)
The applications of Finite Automata are as follows −
•Design of the lexical analysis of a compiler.
•Recognize the pattern by using regular expressions.
•Use of the Mealy and Moore Machines for designing the
combination and sequential circuits.
•Helpful in text editors.
•Used for spell checkers.
Finite Automata Model:
Finite automata can be represented by input tape and finite
Input tape: It is a linear tape having some number of cells.
Each input symbol is placed in each cell.
Finite control: The finite control decides the next state on
receiving particular input from input tape. The tape reader
reads the cells one by one from left to right, and at a time only
one input symbol is read.
1. Design FA which accepts only those strings
which starts with 1 and ends with 0
2. Design FA which accepts only 100 or 10
3. Design FA which accepts only those strings
which starts and ends with 1