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Sports injuries

Improper or poor training practices May causes sport injuries it include- wearing ,improper ,sporting gear, being in poor health condition.

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Sports injuries

  1. 1. Sports Injuries Syed Anwar Ali S; M.P.Ed; MPhil; FIFA Dip. In Sports Medicine (SWZ);..
  2. 2. PAGE01 Injury It is a damage to the body caused by external force. This may be caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and other causes. Major trauma is injury that has the potential to cause prolonged disability or death.
  3. 3. PAGE03 Sports Related Injuries 1, Soft Tissue Injuries a. Contusion b. Abrasion c. Strain d. Sprain 2. Bone Injuries: Fracture 3. Joint Injuries: Dislocation 3 Types of Athletic Injuries 1.) ACUTE: Usually a result of a single traumatic event within the last five days. 2.) OVERUSE: Subtle and occur over time, making them challenging to diagnose and treat. 3.) CHRONIC: Usually has lasted at least three months or more.
  4. 4. PAGE05 PAGE04 Soft Tissue Injuries The most common soft tissues injured are muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These injuries often occur during sports and exercise activities, but sometimes simple everyday activities can cause an injury. Sprains, strains, and contusions, as well as tendinitis and bursitis, are common soft-tissue injuries. Contusion A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force, such as a kick, fall, or blow. The result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration because of bleeding into the tissue. Treatment for contusions includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (R.I.C.E.).
  5. 5. PAGE07 PAGE06 A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, occurs when your muscle is overstretched or torn. This usually occurs as a result of fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle. Strains can happen in any muscle, but they’re most common in your lower back, neck, shoulder, and hamstring, which the muscle behind your thigh. Strain An abrasion is a partial thickness wound caused by damage to the skin and can be superficial involving only the epidermis to deep, involving the deep dermis. Abrasions usually involve minimal bleeding. Abrasion
  6. 6. PAGE09 PAGE08 Grades Grade 1: Mild damage to individual muscle fibers (less than 5% of fibers) that causes minimal loss of strength and motion. Grade 2: More extensive damage with more muscle fibers involved. Grade 3: Complete rupture of a muscle or tendon.
  7. 7. PAGE11 PAGE10
  8. 8. PAGE13 PAGE12 Grades A sprain is an injury to a ligament caused by tearing of the fibers of the ligament. The ligament can have a partial tear, or it can be completely torn apart. Ankle sprains are the most common type of sprain. Sprain Grade 1: Stretching or slight tearing of the ligament with mild tenderness, swelling and stiffness. The ankle feels stable and it is usually possible to walk with minimal pain. Grade 2: A more severe sprain, but incomplete tear with moderate pain, swelling and bruising.
  9. 9. PAGE15 PAGE14 Soft Tissue Injuries- CausesGrade 3 Sprain (Severe) In a Grade 2 sprain, some but not all of the ligament fibers are torn. Moderate swelling and bruising above and below the ankle joint are common. Soft tissue injuries can be broken down into two broad categories depending on the cause – acute injuries and long term or overuse injuries. Acute Injuries 1. Poor Warming up 2. Poor flexibility 3. Poor conditioning 4. Overexertion and fatigue long term or overuse Injuries 1. Body conduct Sports 2. Awkward position for long period 3. Poor posture
  10. 10. PAGE16 PAGE17 Bone Injuries → Many soft-tissue injuries can be prevented through proper conditioning and training. Other prevention tips include: Use proper equipment. Replace your athletic shoes as they wear out. 1. Sports Environment 2. Rules Modification 3. Proper Warming up 4. Adequate fluid intake 5. Correct technique 6. Avoid Practice in Chronic Injuries 7. Protective Equipment 8. Take Breaks 9. Safe Play 10.Take Time - off Soft Tissue Injuries- Prevention A fracture is a broken bone. It can range from a thin crack to a complete break. Bone can fracture crosswise, lengthwise, in several places, or into many pieces. Most fractures happen when a bone is impacted by more force or pressure than it can support
  11. 11. PAGE19 PAGE18 Fracture- Types Simple Compound Linear Multiple Transverse Oblique ComplicatedImpact Spiral Communicated Greenstick Simple •Clean break in the bone • No break in the skin and no wound. Compound •Both the bone and skin break • Chances of Infection.
  12. 12. PAGE21 PAGE20 Linear •Breaks Parallel in the Long axis bone • No break in the skin and no wound. Multiple •More than one Fracture Transverse •Horizontal Fracture •bone breaks at a 90-degree angle to the long axis of the bone. Oblique •Diagonal Fracture
  13. 13. PAGE22 PAGE23 Communicated •break or splinter of the bone into more than two fragments. •This degree occur on high- impact trauma such as in vehicular accidents. Greenstick •soft bone in which the bone bends and breaks •occur most often during infancy and childhood when bones are soft
  14. 14. PAGE24 PAGE25 Spiral •Type of complete fracture. It occurs due to a rotational, or twisting, force. Complicated •Structures surrounding the fracture are injured. There may be damage to the veins, arteries or nerves
  15. 15. PAGE27 PAGE26 Impact •occurs when the broken ends of the bone are jammed together by the force of the injury. Fracture- Causes •Impact on Force. Fall, Accident, Twisting etc Fracture- Prevention 1. Exercise to improve Strength , Flexibility & Balance. 2. Tread Carefully 3. Avoid Intaking of unnecessarily 4. Force and Direction in Fall 5. Fragile Bones
  16. 16. PAGE29 PAGE28 Symptoms A dislocated joint can be: ● Visibly deformed or out of place ● Swollen or discolored ● Intensely painful ● Immovable Joint Injuries A dislocation is an injury to a joint — a place where two or more bones come together — in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. This painful injury temporarily deforms and immobilizes your joint. Dislocation is most common in shoulders and fingers. Dislocation
  17. 17. PAGE31 PAGE30 Prevention You can take several steps to reduce the risk of a dislocation. They include: ● Being cautious on stairs to help avoid falls ● Wearing protective gear during contact sports ● Staying physically active to keep the muscles and tendons around the joints strong ● Maintaining a healthy weight to avoid increased pressure on the bones
  18. 18. PAGE33 PAGE32 Prevention ● Develop a fitness plan that includes cardiovascular exercise, strength training, and flexibility. This will help decrease your chance of injury ● Alternate exercising different muscle groups and exercise every other day. ● Cool down properly after exercise or sports. It should take 2 times as long as your warm ups. ● Stay hydrated. Drink water to prevent dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. ● Stretching exercises can improve the ability of muscles to contract and perform, reducing the risk for injury. Each stretch should start slowly until you reach a point of muscle tension. Stretching should not be painful. Aim to hold each stretch for up to 20 seconds. ● Use the right equipment or gear and wear shoes that provide support and that may correct certain foot problems that can lead to injury. ● Learn the right techniques to play your sport. ● Rest when tired. Avoid exercise when you are tired or in pain.
  19. 19. PAGE35 PAGE34● Always take your time during strength training and go through the full range of motion with each repetition. ● If you do sustain a sports injury, make sure you participate in adequate rehabilitation before resuming strenuous activity.
  20. 20. THANK YOU